Presentation on theme: "Deviance in Sport A behaviour that falls outside the norms or outside what is deemed to be acceptable."— Presentation transcript:
Deviance in Sport A behaviour that falls outside the norms or outside what is deemed to be acceptable
Our culture puts sport on a pedestal Unfortunately there are times when the actions of our sporting elite disappoint. List some examples:
Deviance - social behaviour that is different from what is regarded as normal or acceptable within society What behaviour within sport would not be acceptable in wider society? Who within sport can be deviant?
3 Types of Behaviour Jay Coakley, 92 POSITIVE DEVIANCE NORMAL BEHAVIOUR NEGATIVE DEVIANCE Give examples of each
Negative defiance – Knowingly & intentionally breaks the rules & ethics of sport Positive defiance – Behaviour outside the norm but with no intention to harm or break the rules
Relative defiance – deviant behaviour that is not acceptable in wider society but may be deemed to be acceptable by those involved in a sub-culture Some actions in sport are deemed to be within the normal & acceptable behaviour category would be considered both deviant & illegal if they took place in wider society Can you think of an example?
Sport often refers to deal itself with the those who break its rules & etiquette But the police are increasingly LESS willing to look the other way when breach of the law occurs, even though the behaviour in question has occurred within a sporting context Whether or not the behaviour is viewed within a sporting context is determined by whether or not it breaks the CONTRACT TO COMPETE
Defiance the contract to compete Within the characteristics of the activity Within the rules/ethics of the contest Allowing fair/free opportunity to win/achieve Performers agree to strive against each other to win CONTRACT TO COMPETE
Causes of deviant behaviour
Individual players lack moral restraint Players may value winning above the loss of respect or punishment Rewards so great that larger number of players are prepared to cross the line (could be considered as positive deviance) Deviant behaviour become less socially unacceptable Sport GBs may feel less able to punish deviant behaviour in fear of being taken to the courts by the performers
Violence in sport Who can be violent?
Violence between players 1.A spontaneous outburst 2.A predetermined & planned action The cause Occurs as an aggressive act by one player to another. This behaviour may be caused by…….
Violence between players 1.A spontaneous outburst 2.A predetermined & planned action The cause Occurs as an aggressive act by one player to another. This behaviour may be caused by……. Genetic inheritance Frustration (reaction/retaliation from crowd abuse) Loss of self-identity (follow actions of crowd rather than won inclinations) Social learning – imitating actions of a resected role model who's aggressive behaviour has been positively reinforced (rewarded)
Who deals with violent players?
Team mangers, Coaches & Captains
Group discussion Were there any situations that caused you to feel anger & frustration? How did you deal with those situations? Were your actions in accordance with a player code of conduct or your own expectations of yourself? If a similar situation arose in the future, how might you deal with it differently?
Exam Question Violence can sometimes occur in elite sport, for example football, both on and off the pitch. Why might an elite performer commit an act of violence on the pitch? (3 marks)
1. Over-strong desire to win/over arousal/pressure 2. May be encouraged/asked to do so by coach/team mates/pressure from sponsors/crowds 3. Player loses control due to action of opponents/referee decisions/retaliates/frustration 4. Player lacks moral/ethical restraints on personal behaviour 5. Financial rewards 6. Importance of game/cup final/equivalent
Home learning 1.Research & print off a code of conduct for players or performers in two different sports. Highlighting any similarities or differences between the two 2.Explain the consequences of spectator violence, for example hooliganism, for the clubs and sporting authorities. (4 marks)
4 marks for 4 of: A.Negative image of sport causes decline in participation rates/smaller foundation base B.Spectator attendance declines C.Supporters banned from travelling/attending/matches played behind closed doors D.All supporters treated as hooligans E.Teams banned from competing/loss of points/fined F.Sponsors/commercial deals withdrawn G.Additional cost to police events/provide more stewards H.Relationship with local community/other countries declines /negative impact for hosting future events The focus of the question is on the consequences and not the strategies used A – negative image too vague, need consequence Do NOT accept lose money – have to say how money is lost G – Has to be reference to increase need