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Mr Beaumont. Consider player violence and spectator violence Understand why and how violence occurs Recap the causes of violence within sport Understand.

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Presentation on theme: "Mr Beaumont. Consider player violence and spectator violence Understand why and how violence occurs Recap the causes of violence within sport Understand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr Beaumont

2 Consider player violence and spectator violence Understand why and how violence occurs Recap the causes of violence within sport Understand strategies to deal with violence in sport from the NGB, leadership and individual perspective What is hooliganism, what causes it, where it happens and how to combat it

3 Mr Beaumont Hooliganism has effected football for over 40 years Define the term hooliganism and discuss the reasons why it may occur? (4 marks) What steps have been taken to reduce the incidences of hooliganism (3 marks) Violence can sometimes occur in elite sport, for example football, both on and off the pitch. Why might an elite performer commit an act of violence on the pitch? (3 marks) Explain, using examples, why an elite performer may need the protection of the law during their sporting careers. (4 marks)

4 Mr Beaumont Watch this video, on your white boards write down any thoughts that spring to mind

5 Mr Beaumont Violence between players: There are two types: Spontaneous outburst Premeditated action (planned) Give some examples from the video we have just seen

6 Mr Beaumont Think back to changing behaviour, on your whiteboards write down what you can remember for what causes aggressive/violent behaviour Genetic Frustration – leads to aggression Loss of Identity Socially Learnt

7 Mr Beaumont Who is responsible for dealing with violent player behaviour? Individual Performer National Governing Bodies NGBs (e.g the FA, RFU) Leaders – Coaches, managers and captains

8 Mr Beaumont NGBs are keen to diminish violent player behaviour from their sports. NGB have a duty to protect the victims of violent behaviour by another player Police are increasingly becoming involved in the war against violence in sport but NGBs would rather be seen to sort the problems out themselves Action NGBs can take are: Support match officials with decisions Punish players post match Citing system Good examples as role models Fair play awards Training of officials

9 Mr Beaumont Coaches, manages and captains have a huge responsibility with dealing with player conduct People in leadership roles can: Set good examples Establish a code of conduct Punish players who fail to meet code of conduct Praise good role models Keep volatile players away from high stress/arousal situations Stress management for players Understand player arousal levels

10 Mr Beaumont Individuals are ultimately in charge of there own behaviour. They must establish there own clear guidelines and moral /ethical behaviour within sport Performers do this through social learning. To develop a good code of practice a performer can: Be exposed to good roles models from an early age Receive good expectations from parents, managers etc.. Understand how to control arousal Knowing how to avoid anger or frustration causing situations

11 Mr Beaumont

12 UhA Again watch this video, on your white boards write down any thoughts that spring to mind

13 Mr Beaumont What sport is spectator violence / hooliganism been a problem in for the last 50 year? Football Hooligans use football as a stage and a justification for the abusive and violent acts they are involved in!!!

14 Mr Beaumont In pairs discuss what you would expect as hooligan behaviour, come up with as many ideas as you can think of? (2 minutes) It is defined as: Racist or obscene Fighting with other groups Vandalism Interference with match Violence against non-hooligans

15 Mr Beaumont Hooligan conflicts are often Pre-organised Looking for conflict with authority Strongly linked to consumption of alcohol Large scale involving lots of people, known as the herd

16 Mr Beaumont On your whiteboards write down one place that you can think of where hooligan behaviour may take place Hooligan behaviour can take place in: Football stadiums Streets near stadiums City centres Local pubs Abroad

17 Mr Beaumont No explanations can fully explain what causes hooligan behaviour the explanations are said to be multi-casual. Some explanations: (I want you to give me a counter argument THINK!!!) Ritualistic - Show of masculinity as part of a group Outlet for the working class Tribal behaviour – protecting their patch Changing fan base – working class to middle class and wealthy Tension on the pitch acts as a trigger to passionate fans Affiliation to extreme political groups Local derby's + excessive nationalistic feeling inflame passion

18 Mr Beaumont In your opinion why is this behaviour mainly a problem in the sport of football?

19 Mr Beaumont Prevention of travelling and entry (countries and stadiums) Alcohol control – No serving in grounds and early pub closing times Fan segregation Improved level and training of police and stewards CCTV – Improved information gathering Sharing Police intelligence uk to abroad and visa versa Players not allowed to make gestures to crowd Punishing clubs (and fans) for poor fan behaviour Use high profile role models to better sporting behaviour – Kick racism campagin

20 Mr Beaumont Rednapp on adebayor Adebayor celebration

21 Mr Beaumont Make notes on pages 263 and 264 regarding the effects violence has on individuals, sport and wider society

22 Mr Beaumont

23 Question 10 Violence can sometimes occur in elite sport, for example football, both on and off the pitch. 16 Why might an elite performer commit an act of violence on the pitch? (3 marks) 1. Over-strong desire to win/over arousal/pressure 2. May be encouraged/asked to do so by coach/team mates/pressure from sponsors/crowds 3. Player loses control due to action of opponents/referee decisions/retaliates/frustration 4. Player lacks moral/ethical restraints on personal behaviour 5. Financial rewards 6. Importance of game/cup final/equivalent 17 Explain, using examples, why an elite performer may need the protection of the law during their sporting careers. (4 marks) 1. Opposition player fouls/protection from violence 2. Off field of play – contracts with employers/administration of wages/assets/Bosman ruling 3. Sponsorship deals/commercial deals 4. Protection from media intrusion into private life 5. Protection from hooligans during and after games 6. Maintenance of restricted areas during training/competitions 7. Protection from racism/equal opportunities


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