Presentation on theme: "Gustar vs. Encantar Gustar means “to like” and encantar means “to love”, but these English meanings can cause confusion."— Presentation transcript:
Gustar vs. Encantar Gustar means “to like” and encantar means “to love”, but these English meanings can cause confusion.
Gustar literally means “to be pleasing”. It has two conjugations because things that are pleasing are singular things and plural things. Gusta (for things that are singular) Gustan (for things that are plural)
Encantar means “to be delighting or enchanting” and works in the same manner Encanta (for things that are singular) Encantan (for things that are plural)
Both verbs use formulas to construct complete sentences: For liking/loving objects: (No) + IOP + form of verb + article + object The INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS (IOPs) are: ME TE LELES NOS
Formulas continued… For activities: (No) + IOP + singular verb + infinitive (Gusta/Encanta) NOTE: When liking/loving activities, the verb is singular.
Examples: No me gustan las papas fritas. Nos encanta jugar fútbol americano. No te encanta la leche chocolate? No nos gustan los huevos. NOTE: Subject pronouns are not used with gustar and encantar. Indirect object pronouns are used instead.
With the object pronouns le and les, there is some confusion. Les encantan sus clases could mean: They love their classes. You (all) love your classes. The boys love their classes. The teachers love their classes. And so forth…….
To relieve that confusion, we add “A” phrases: a mí a ti a él a ella a usted a nosotros, -as a ellos, -as a ustedes a + a name a + a noun “A” phrases emphasize and/or clarify
A ellos les encantan sus clases becomes The “A” phrase a ellos defines the subject as “they” without question. So… They love their classes.
Translate: We like our new bicycles. Our new bicycles are pleasing to us. Do they like lemonade? Is lemonade pleasing to them? I love my math teacher. My math teaching is delighting to me. Marco loves reading novels. Reading novels is delighting to Marco.
Check your work: Nos gustan nuestras bicicletas nuevas. (A ellos) les gusta la limonada? Me encanta mi profesor de matemáticas. (A Marco) le encanta leer novelas.
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