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Presentation on theme: "VERBS LIKE GUSTAR."— Presentation transcript:


2 Los básicos To express like or dislike in Spanish we use GUSTAR.
GUSTAR works differently than other verbs because the conjugation agrees with what you like, not who likes it. Since items and actions are either singular or plural, most of the time GUSTAR will take the ÉL or ELLOS form. GUSTAR also requires an Indirect Object Pronoun in front of the verb

3 ME (to me) NOS (to us) TE (to you) OS (to you all)
LOS PRONOMBRES ME (to me) NOS (to us) TE (to you) OS (to you all) LE (To him, her, you) LES (to them)

4 Choose your pronoun The pronoun will match to the person or thing that “likes” the item or action. The verb will match to whatever it is they like. If its plural use GUSTAN. If it’s a single item or an action (verb) use GUSTA. Vamos a mirar un ejemplo…

5 Jorge likes cars. When we express this thought in Spanish, its really more like “the cars please Jorge.” Cars are plural, so we will use the plural conjugation of GUSTAR.  GUSTAN

6 Jorge ____ gustan los carros.
Now we need a pronoun. Jorge is one guy, so the best choice would be… LE We’re almost done, but there is one more thing you need to know…

7 The personal “A” Spanish uses a personal “A” when the indirect object in a sentence is a person or a pet. Since the cars please Jorge, he is an IOP, and because he is also a pet, he qualifies for a personal “A”. A Jorge le gustan los carros. Cars please Jorge. All finished!

8 Practiquemos… Paco likes to swim.
Swimming is an action, so you will use the singular form of GUSTAR. Try to put the sentence together now… A Paco le gusta nadar.

9 ¡Uno más! Diego likes to travel. A Diego le gusta viajar.
What if Diego brought a friend? If you had to dogs who enjoyed travel?

10 A Diego y Paco les gusta viajar.

11 For plural items… Switch up the GUSTA to GUSTAN.
Your pronoun choice still depends on who is pleased by the item or action. I like Huskies. Me gustan los siberianos. (they please me)

12 ¡Practiquemos! We like tacos. They like to dance. You like cats.
She likes lemonade. I like chocolate. He likes to run. You all like to eat. Nos gustan los tacos Les gusta bailar. Te gustan los gatos. Le gusta la limonada. Me gusta el chocolate. Le gusta correr. Os gusta comer.

13 What if you don’t like it?
Just slide a “NO” between the person and the pronoun. A Felix no le gustan los baños. A Felix no le gusta el agua. A Felix no le gusta el jabón.

14 Other verbs like GUSTAR
ENCANTAR To love (not romantic) Interesar To be interested by Fascinar To be fascinated by Importar To matter to Molestar To be bothered by Fastidiar To be irritated by , annoyed

15 Escribe en español. Tests bother me. You love pizza.
They like to play videogames. Good grades matter to us. Me molestan los examenes. Te encanta la pizza. Les gusta jugar a los videojuegos. Nos importan buenas notas.

16 ¿GUSTA or GUSTAN? Which should you use with VERBS?
Which should you use with SINGLE NOUNS? Which should you use with PLURAL NOUNS? Which should you use with MORE THAN ONE NOUN?

17 CLARIFIERS Remember our example with Jorge and the personal “A”?
There are clarifiers for all pronouns. Mostly clarifiers get used in the 3rd person, because it’s the one that is least clear. (Imagine that!) A mí me gustan los tacos.  Me, I like tacos. Here are all the clarifiers…

18 Clarifiers A mí A nosotros A tí A vosotros A él A ella A Ud. A ellos
A ellas A Uds.

19 Gusta or Gustan? Me _________ leer libros.
Te __________ comer la fruta. Nos __________ los perros. Les __________ los zapatos rojos. Le ___________ el chocolate y el helado. Os ___________ estudiar con amigos. Me ___________la ensalada.

20 Fill in the missing pronoun
A Paco ____ gusta ir a McDonalds. A nosotros ____gusta bailar. A mí ___ gustan las muchachas. A tí ____ encanta el helado de vainilla. A ellos ____ importan buenas notas. A vosotros _____ molesta correr en la lluvia. A ellas _____ importa el examen.

21 Extra words for emphasis
Mucho  a lot Mejor better Nada  not at all You can use these after GUSTA in the sentence. EX: Me gusta mucho dormir. EX: No me gusta nada limpiar la casa.

22 Interview a classmate about what they like to do on the weekends.
Actividad Interview a classmate about what they like to do on the weekends. Ask them at least 8 questions. Use GUSTAR or other like verbs. (molestar, encantar, etc) Record their answers and then present them to the class.

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