Presentation on theme: "Apuntes #22 GUSTAR y verbos similares. In Spanish, there is no exact equivalent to the English verb “_______”. The nearest in meaning is the verb _________,"— Presentation transcript:
In Spanish, there is no exact equivalent to the English verb “_______”. The nearest in meaning is the verb _________, which literally translated into English is “________________________________”. to like gustar to be pleasing / to please Many Spanish verbs work just like English verbs in a straightforward "subject-verb” manner. However, gustar does not follow that pattern. It has a “____________” verb construction. Its forms do not depend on _______ does the liking, but instead on _________ is liked/pleasing. backward who what
Gustar is preceded by an _________ object pronoun indicating ______ is pleased. It is followed by a noun (the _________) indicating the _______ that pleases. This may seem confusing, but do not let the word order influence you! Think of it this way: it is the responsibility of other things and people to please you rather than for you to go out actively liking things! indirect who subject thing Ejemplos… IOP Subject Me gusta la película. I like the movie. (literally: The movie pleases me.) ¿Te gustan los conciertos de rock? Do you like rock concerts? (literally: Do rock concerts please you?)
GUSTAR Emphasis… IOP“to like” “I like” A mí me gusta(n) “you (familiar) like” A titegusta(n) “you (formal) like”; he/she likes A…legusta(n)
GUSTAR Emphasis… IOP“to like” “we like” A… nos gusta(n) “y’all like” A…osgusta(n) “you all (formal) like”; they like A…lesgusta(n)
Because the thing that pleases is the _________, gustar agrees in _________ with it. Since the subject of the sentence must be either singular or plural, the only forms of gustar you will use are "________" and "___________." This is true regardless of what IO pronoun appears in the sentence. subject number gustagustan
Ejemplos … We (m.) like Cristian Castro’s music. They (f.) like their new house. I like quesadillas. Do you (fam.) like romantic movies? Nos gusta la música de Cristian Castro. Les gusta su casa nueva. Me gustan las quesadillas. ¿Te gustan las películas románticas?
For purposes of clarification, gustar sentences will often begin with a _________________________ that clarifies just who the IO pronoun refers to: ______ + _______/__________ o By adding a prepositional phrase, you remove the ambiguity of the "le" form. o You can also use a prepositional phrase to add emphasis, even if there is no ambiguity. Ejemplos:A Juan le gusta el café.A mí me gusta el té. John likes coffee.I like tea. prepositional phrase anoun pronoun In the first example, "A Juan" clarifies the ambiguous pronoun "le." In the second example, there is no ambiguity. "Me gusta el té" can only mean "I like tea." In this case, "A mí" adds emphasis, drawing attention to the fact that tea is what I like (as contrasted with what Juan likes).
Ejemplos … I like chocolate, and you (fam.)? Charles likes antique paintings. A mí me gusta el chocolate, y ¿a ti? A Carlos le gustan las pinturas antiguas. ¡Ojo! Mí (to ________) has an accent mark to distinguish it from the possessive adjective mi (________). me my
Ejemplos … You all (fam.) don’t like to arrive late. They (m.) like to sing and dance. (A vosotros) No os gusta llegar tarde. A ellos les gusta cantar y bailar. When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive, the ______________ form of gustar is always used. singular
Gustar is not the only backward verb. Here is a list of verbs that operate in the same manner: to boreto fascinate; to captivate; to like very much to feel like; to fancy/crave for to be important to; to matter to get along well/badly with to make a good/bad impression to be interesting to; to interest to dislike/hate something; to upset; to displease to bother; to annoy to hurt; to feel pain [o:ue] to itch to like very much; to adore to love (inanimate objects) to be left over; to remain to fit clothing to be missing/lacking (something); aburrir apetecer caer bien/mal disgustar doler encantar faltar fascinar importar interesar molestar picar quedar
Ejemplos … You (fam.) love horror movies. We are not interested in that old novel. They (m.) like (very much, fascinate) to go to the movies. My head hurts. (A ti) Te encantan las películas de horror. (A nosotros) No nos interesa esa novela vieja. A ellos les fascina ir al cine. (A mí) Me duele la cabeza.