Presentation on theme: "1 Community-Driven Development and Natural Resource Management IFAD Workshop on Community-Driven Development Casa San Bernardo, Rome : 4-5 June, 2004."— Presentation transcript:
1 Community-Driven Development and Natural Resource Management IFAD Workshop on Community-Driven Development Casa San Bernardo, Rome : 4-5 June, 2004
2 Background Experience in Community-Based Natural Resource Management Philippines – coastal fisheries management Vanuatu and Fiji – fisheries and coral reef management Bangladesh - floodplain fisheries management Indonesia – floodplain fisheries management India – research on poverty in coastal areas
3 Conditions for successful community-based natural resource management Homogeneous communities – common objectives, recognised common interests, social cohesion Benefits exceed costs Clearly defined boundaries to resources to be managed Limited uses and users Decentralised decision-making Simple administrative structures Friendly – or at least neutral - power structures An enabling environment - institutional, political, social, cultural and economic
4 The Enabling Environment Devolution of power – choice, including choice about natural resource priorities Legal rights to natural resources Devolution of resources (money) Institutionalisation / mainstreaming of participatory approaches – willingness to hand over the stick Flexibility – time frames, funding mechanisms Long-term engagement Leadership -champions to lead the process
5 Issues Natural resource management is rarely a priority of the poor Is there any such thing as a neutral or friendly power structure The minute we intervene, power structures change Structures/institutions invite elite capture – they are instruments of power The poor are attracted to make use of diverse natural resource niches with poorly defined use-rights Better definition invites control – control attracts those able to exert it
6 Issues The importance of knowing: what do we mean by poor ? (if the focus is poverty alleviation) understanding who different actors are – there is no substitute for detailed stakeholder analysis down to the micro-level understanding what the incentives of different actors are – what benefits will be generated and for whom?
7 Questions Who sets the natural resource management agenda How well do we know what a community really is? If the community drives development, what, or who, drives the community? Although experience indicates best practice in CBNRM, it is consistently ignored – why? (disbursement and activity-based monitoring & evaluation, messy, too slow) Do organisations and institutions benefit the poor or increase their exclusion?