Presentation on theme: "Community-Driven Development and Natural Resource Management"— Presentation transcript:
1 Community-Driven Development and Natural Resource Management IFAD Workshop on Community-Driven DevelopmentCasa San Bernardo, Rome : 4-5 June, 2004
2 Background Experience in Community-Based Natural Resource Management Philippines – coastal fisheries managementVanuatu and Fiji – fisheries and coral reef managementBangladesh - floodplain fisheries managementIndonesia – floodplain fisheries managementIndia – research on poverty in coastal areas
3 Conditions for “successful” community-based natural resource management “Homogeneous” communities – common objectives, recognised common interests, social cohesionBenefits exceed costsClearly defined boundaries to resources to be managedLimited uses and usersDecentralised decision-making“Simple” administrative structures“Friendly” – or at least neutral - power structuresAn “enabling” environment - institutional, political, social, cultural and economic
4 The “Enabling” Environment Devolution of power – choice, including choice about natural resource prioritiesLegal rights to natural resourcesDevolution of resources (money)Institutionalisation / mainstreaming of participatory approaches – willingness to “hand over the stick”Flexibility – time frames, funding mechanismsLong-term engagementLeadership -“champions” to lead the process
5 Issues Natural resource management is rarely a priority of the poor Is there any such thing as a “neutral” or “friendly” power structureThe minute we intervene, power structures changeStructures/institutions invite “elite capture” – they are instruments of powerThe poor are “attracted” to make use of diverse natural resource “niches” with poorly defined use-rightsBetter definition invites control – control attracts those able to exert it
6 Issues The importance of knowing: what do we mean by “poor” ? (if the focus is poverty alleviation)understanding who different actors are – there is no substitute for detailed stakeholder analysis down to the micro-levelunderstanding what the incentives of different actors are – what benefits will be generated and for whom?
7 Questions Who sets the natural resource management “agenda” How well do we know what a “community” really is?If the “community” drives development, what, or who, drives the community?Although experience indicates “best practice” in CBNRM, it is consistently ignored – why? (disbursement and activity-based monitoring & evaluation, messy, too slow)Do “organisations” and “institutions” benefit the poor or increase their exclusion?