Mahenye case study Cited as model project up through 2000 After 2000, CAMPFIRE leadership taken over undemocratically Decline of social and economic benefits E.g. household dividends
"name": "Mahenye case study Cited as model project up through 2000 After 2000, CAMPFIRE leadership taken over undemocratically Decline of social and economic benefits E.g.",
"description": "household dividends
Nyaminyami case study Also highly regarded up through 2000 After 2000, lack of accountability of councilors Decline of social and economic benefits E.g.: 2005 hunting revenue ~US$750k, no disbursements, no investment in community projects Elite capture
Summary of post-2000 outcomes Evidence from Mahenye and Nyaminyami External conditions Donor funding ends; national crisis begins. Local governanceElites capture benefits; end to transparency, accountability, participation Project revenuesRevenue reduced, but still sufficient to provide useful benefits. Development outcomes Household dividends decline to ~0; community investments decline to ~0 Conservation outcomes Poaching remains minor; key wildlife populations stable or growing.
Conclusions Some mechanism to ensure good governance — transparency, accountability, devolution and participation — is essential Current conditions in Zimbabwe make progress unlikely over the short term