Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Outcomes in Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE Program Post-2000 Judith Mashinya World Wildlife Fund.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Outcomes in Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE Program Post-2000 Judith Mashinya World Wildlife Fund."— Presentation transcript:

1 Outcomes in Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE Program Post-2000 Judith Mashinya World Wildlife Fund

2 Outline  Background  Case studies Mahenye (2004) Nyaminyami (2006)  Findings

3 Governance  Current focus on governance  Complex bundle of interacting variables Devolution, participation Transparency, corruption control Accountability, capacity

4 conservation Logic of CBNRM development governance revenue adverse external changes incentives +

5 CAMPFIRE  First National CBNRM  Major donor funding  Limited devolution  Substantial success through 2000  90% of revenue from sport hunting

6 Post-2000 changes  End of donor funding Withdrawal of NGOs End of oversight and support  Beginning of national crisis Political struggle Economic collapse

7 Mahenye case study (2004)

8 Mahenye case study  Cited as model project up through 2000  After 2000, CAMPFIRE leadership taken over undemocratically  Decline of social and economic benefits  E.g. household dividends

9

10 Nyaminyami case study (2006)

11 Nyaminyami case study  Also highly regarded up through 2000  After 2000, lack of accountability of councilors  Decline of social and economic benefits  E.g.: 2005 hunting revenue ~US$750k, no disbursements, no investment in community projects  Elite capture

12

13 Summary of post-2000 outcomes Evidence from Mahenye and Nyaminyami External conditions Donor funding ends; national crisis begins. Local governanceElites capture benefits; end to transparency, accountability, participation Project revenuesRevenue reduced, but still sufficient to provide useful benefits. Development outcomes Household dividends decline to ~0; community investments decline to ~0 Conservation outcomes Poaching remains minor; key wildlife populations stable or growing.

14 Conclusions  Some mechanism to ensure good governance — transparency, accountability, devolution and participation — is essential  Current conditions in Zimbabwe make progress unlikely over the short term

15

16

17

18

19


Download ppt "Outcomes in Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE Program Post-2000 Judith Mashinya World Wildlife Fund."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google