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Security Operation Services, Inc. Concealed Weapons Class DCJS This presentation is property of Security Operation Services, Inc. The information included may not be reproduced or disseminated without expressed written consent. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
The Concealed Handgun Permit Carrying a concealed handgun is an awesome responsibility. The legislative battles to establish the concealed carry permit law were long and hard fought, and the law is not perfect. It is now up to the citizen to demonstrate intelligent use of this law, to exhibit restraint in all but the most life threatening situations, and to work hard to make Virginia a better place to live. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
It is important to note that the VA CWP is by law a concealed handgun permit. Handguns are the only weapons that can be legally carried with this permit. The following are examples of weapons specifically prohibited to carry under Virginia law. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Weapons Bowie knives Switchblades Ballistic knives Razors Slingshots Spring sticks Metal knuckles Blackjacks Nun chucks Shuriken Fighting chains Any multi-pointed throwing discs or dart Any weapon similar to those listed Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Disqualification for CWP Acquittal of a crime by reason of insanity Being deemed legally incompetent Being involuntarily committed for mental-health reason Being placed under a restraining or protective order Receiving mental-health or substance abuse treatment in a residential setting within a five year period prior to the application Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Disqualification, cont. Having a felony conviction or pending felony charge. Having two or more misdemeanor convictions with-in a three year period (not including traffic violations); if one of the misdemeanors is a class 1 offense, denial is automatic; if not, at the discretion of the Judge. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Disqualification, cont. Having a stalking conviction or pending stalking charge Being dishonorably discharged from the Armed Forces of the United States Being addicted to or a user or distributor of illegal drugs. Being a habitual drunkard, convicted of drunk driving, or public drunkenness in the last three years Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Disqualification, cont. An alien not lawfully admitted to permanent residence in the United States Being a fugitive from justice Having been convicted of any assault, assault and battery, sexual battery, unlawful discharge of a firearm in public or from a vehicle, or brandishing a firearm in the last three years. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Disqualification, cont. Being convicted of an offense as a juvenile, if the offense would be a felony as an adult. In addition, any Sheriff, Chief of Police or Attorney for the Commonwealth can disqualify you by swearing that you are likely to use a weapon unlawfully or negligently and endanger others. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Disqualification, cont. The statement must be based on the official's personal knowledge or on the sworn statement of a competent person having knowledge. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Application Denials If you are denied a permit you have the right to an appeal, described in VA code L and :1. Appeal is made to the Court of Appeals or to any judge of the court within 30 days of the denial. The petition of appeal must include a copy of the original application and the Circuit Court order denying the permit. If you appeal and win, the taxable cost of the appeal is paid by the Commonwealth. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Firearm Safety A quote from Smith and Wesson Many safety features are incorporated into your firearm. For your safety and the safety of others, do not rely on mechanical features alone. Only your safe gun handling habits will ensure the safe use of your firearm. This is your responsibility. Accidents dont just happen. Accidents are the result of violating the rules of safe gun handling and common sense. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Safety The condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury or loss of life from the negligent discharge of a firearm. SAFETY IS AN ATTITUDE Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Bad Habits to Break Once Established Dont take your weapon out of the holster unless you are going to use it or clean it Keep the finger out of the trigger guard when running, searching, covering or drawing Dont cock the hammer Dont lose control of the weapon when using the restroom Dont holster an unloaded weapon when carrying Always remember the intent of the weapon Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Three Rules For Safe Gun Handling Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction Always keep your finger off of the trigger until you are ready to shoot Always keep the gun safe until ready to use Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2008
Fundamental Rules For Safe Gun Handling Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction. This is the primary rule of gun safety. Safe direction means that if the gun were to go off accidentally it would not cause injury or damage Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Always Keep your finger Off Of the Trigger until Ready To Shoot When holding a gun, have the trigger finger outside of the trigger guard and alongside of the gun. DO NOT TOUCH THE TRIGGER Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Know Your Target and What is Beyond Be absolutely sure of your target and what is beyond. Remember, you are legally responsible for; A.The flight of the bullet B.Whats in the bullets path C.What the bullet hits, and D.Where the bullet stops Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Know How to Use the Gun Safely How the safety features of the weapon work and how to engage/disengage How does the cylinder turn on a revolver How does it open How does the action work Is the weapon clean and ready to operate safely Is the weapon working properly Do you have the right ammunition Is the weapon safe to use Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Safely Store Weapons When Not in Use Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Several Acceptable Methods Weapon in one place ammo in another Gun safe Handcuff method Padlock Method Trigger lock Cable lock Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Nomenclature of a Revolver Hammer Spur Hammer Grip Butt Trigger Guard Trigger Cylinder Barrel Muzzle Front Sight Rear Sight Back Strap Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Nomenclature of a Pistol Trigger Guard Trigger Back Strap Tang Hammer Muzzle Front Sight Slide Rear Sight De-Cock Magazine Release Magazine Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Malfunctions in a Revolver Dirty Weapon Dirt (Powder) under the star Barrel obstruction Wrong ammo Ejection rod backs out Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Malfunctions in a Pistol Riding the slide Bad magazines Worn or old spring in magazine Worn recoil spring Not using factory magazine Wrong ammo Firing with a weak wrist Bent magazine feed lips Dirty weapon Loading the ammo in backwards Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Concealed Weapon Statute VA code states (paraphrased). There are three elements for a weapon to be considered concealed, they are…. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
The weapon must be on or about the person, and The weapon must be hidden from common observation, and The weapon must be readily accessible Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Carrying Concealed Reciprocity With Other States Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Reciprocal States Courtesy of:
Gun Owner Unfriendly Businesses From the Virginia Citizens Defense League: We have a DON'T ASK, DON'T TELL POLICY. NEVER ask if it is OK or for permission to carry anywhere. Don't make an issue of the fact you are carrying. Don't cause problems for future patrons, or even for yourself. The point is, you want to have your defensive tool with you. No one needs to know. Don't make a big deal out of it. Try to be low key. Know the law if you are going to carry openly. PLEASE, don't cause problems that you will then expect others, or us (VCDL)to correct. Thank you. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Unfriendly Businesses For Guns AMC Theaters Ben & Jerry's Crown Central Petroleum Hallmark Cards Levi Strauss & Co. Sara Lee Corporation Southland Corporation / 7-Eleven Sport & Health, Inc. Sprint Stoneyfield Farms Yogurt Time Warner Working Assets For the complete list, go to the NRA/ILA Page below: D=15 D=15 Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Restaurants Buffalo Wild Wings Bungalow Billiards Great American Restaurants Kabuki Japanese Steak House Outback Steakhouse (Fairfax) Red Lobster Richbrau Brewing Co. Rivermill Map Company TGI Fridays Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Malls Virginia Center Commons Lynnhaven Mall Manassas Mall Potomac Mills Mall Short Pump Town Center Spotsylvania Mall Springfield Mall Valley View Mall RoanokeVirginia Center Commons Lynnhaven Mall Manassas Mall Potomac Mills Mall Short Pump Town Center Spotsylvania Mall Springfield Mall Valley View Mall Roanoke Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Banks BB&T Langley Federal Credit Union Wachovia Bank of America Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Retail Jared Jewelry K-Mart Maxway Department Stores Value City Furniture Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Entertainment Paramounts Kings Dominion Tinseltown USA Movie Theater Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Other AARP Free Lance-Star Nova Jeepers Association PTA Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Places Places of Worship. It is a Class 4 misdemeanor to carry any dangerous weapon into a place of worship, without good cause, while a religious meeting is under way, VA code Courthouse. It is a Class 1 misdemeanor to carry weapons or ammunition into a courthouse. Firearm frames, receivers and silencers are also prohibited, VA code Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Places, cont. Schools. It is a Class 6 felony to have a firearm on any public, private or parochial elementary, middle or high school or its grounds, or school bus, or site of any school event, unless it is either part of an activity sanctioned by the school, VA code As of July 1, 2011, special provision were written into law to allow guns to be carried in vehicles, by valid CWP holders, in the bus loop area ONLY, when picking children up from school. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Places, cont. Bars. Concealed carry permitees are prohibited from carrying concealed into any bars, VA code Private property. CCW permit holders are prohibited from carrying where forbidden by private property owners, VA code Restaurants that serve alcohol. Concealed carry is permitted, provided the permitee does not consume alcohol. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Places, cont. Federal facilities. Knowingly have a gun or dangerous weapon in a Federal facility is a Class 1 misdemeanor. Exceptions include authorities performing their duties, possession while hunting, or possession for other lawful activities. You cannot be convicted of this offense unless an actual notice is posted. A Federal facility is considered to be a building (or part), federal leased or owned, where federal employees regularly work. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Places, cont. Airports. Firearm possession is prohibited by law on the gate side of airport passenger security check points. You are allowed to check firearms as baggage if you do it in accordance with Federal rules. (See Common and Contract Carriers Act). Military Bases. Possession of firearms on any military base is subject to the control of the Commanding Officer. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Places, cont. Chesapeake, VA. The town of Chesapeake has a municipal ordinance that prohibits the carry of a loaded firearm. The carrier should check with the municipality as to the ordinances. Certain Firearms. Certain high-capacity firearms (21round magazines capacity in handguns, or long gun, or a firearm designed by the manufacturer for a silencer or for a folding stock, or a shotgun with an eight round or greater capacity), cannot be carried loaded in a city with more than 160,000 population. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Prohibited Places, cont. Certain Hunting Grounds. The Department of game and Inland Fisheries has regulations prohibiting carrying firearms in certain hunting areas except during hunting season. The authority to prohibit other people from having firearms, except as it pertains to wildlife management, is not clear and left up to the interpretation of the Game and Inland Fisheries. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Deadly Force and Justifiable Deadly Force Deadly Force – In self-preservation, reasonable force that is necessary should be used to defend ones self. To use deadly force, it must be imminent that the danger to life and safety are at stake. Reasonable force is based on: How much force would a reasonable and prudent man be justified in using under the same circumstances. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Justifiable Deadly Force – When a person kills another person who is committing a felonious attack on them. A felonious attack can result in death or serious injury In defending others you would be putting yourself in the shoes of the victim. Defending that victim as if it was you being attacked. Ask yourself what reasonable force would be necessary to control or stop the attack. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Deadly Force and the Big Three Ability Opportunity Manifest Intent Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Ability Was the suspect physically able to do you or another harm? Was the suspect big enough and strong enough? Was the suspect armed with a recognizable weapon or was your perception as such Was the suspect drunk, high or both? Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Opportunity Did the situation exist where the suspect could use a weapon to do grievous bodily harm to you or another? Was the weapon capable of causing grievous bodily harm? Was distance a factor? Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Manifest Intent (Jeopardy) Has the suspect expressed in word or action an intent to assault you or another? Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
The Seven Considerations of Deadly Force The Law Threat to Innocent Lives Threatening Weapon Capabilities Immediacy of the Threat The Environment Type of Crime and Suspects Involved Your Present Capabilities Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Other Mitigating Factors Gender Age Jurisdiction Size Time of Day vs. Night Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Deadly Force and Nevers to Keep in Mind Never shoot at a Fleeing Felon Never shoot at a movement or Noise Never shoot at or from a moving vehicle Never shoot into a crowd Never shoot to defend property Never shoot a warning shot at anyone Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
And another thing……. Preclusion – What action, if any, was taken by you to preclude the use of DEADLY FORCE? Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Fight or Flight Syndrome Continuous Situational Analysis. An individual carrying a weapon should be constantly analyzing the environment, imagining risks that might be unfolding. Jeff Cooper of the American Pistol Institute, and a recognizable expert in personal protection, has articulated the mental process as follows: Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
American Pistol Institute Condition White Condition Yellow Condition Orange Condition Red Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Condition White This is the mindset most people exist in. They are unaware of any personal threat. They were born physically and mentally unprepared to deal with any type of life threatening encounter Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Condition Yellow This is the mind set you should maintain whenever you are out of your safe-zone. It is being aware of your surroundings, i.e.; Thats a bad part of town. You are capable with your weapon and prepared to handle a bad encounter Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Condition Orange This is the mind set you attain when you encounter a specific threat Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Condition Red This is the last mind set in the escalation. This is when you fight to stop a fight. It is the glimpse of offensive action you expect to endanger you that drives you to Condition Red. Once in this condition, you experience: Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
General Muscle Tightening This in itself is self explanatory and the beginning of the……. Fight or Flight Syndrome. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Tunnel Vision The threatened individual will lose part or most of his peripheral vision. Many times criminals use visual diversions to focus the victims attention to the front, and then attack from the sides. Head sweeping becomes terribly important to pick up additional threats. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Visual Slowdown This is the distortion of time and space with the shooter/victim. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Auditory Exclusion This can be described as a high-pitch ringing in the victims ears at the moment of crisis. Other sounds such as screaming and gun fire, seem to recede into the background. Cognitive dissonance prevents the mind from prioritizing sounds. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Condition Red, cont. What do you suppose all of these side effects and the startle reflex do to a victim or untrained individual? Thats right, he freezes and is moved to inactive by sensory overload. He/she is living on the shock line at that precise moment. This is the perfect victim immobilized. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Condition Red, cont. If we effectively deal with sudden effect, the next thing we are confronted with is denial. We will always deny a life threatening incident. We must train ourselves to move quickly out of this denial as quickly as possible so we may effectively deal with the situation Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Death Data – Analyzing Statistics for Tactical Awareness 60% of attackers intended to kill their target at the first opportunity 33% of police officers had prior warning of the deadly force encounter prior to it occurring 25% of police officers were killed with their own weapon Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
63% of the killers were over 40 y.o.a. 33% of the officers killed failed to use sufficient cover. Police Officers, in a deadly force encounter, hit their target only 18% of the time (national average). Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Stress REMEMBER, WHEN STRESS IN A DEADLY FORCE ENCOUNTER ESCALATES, FINE MOTOR SKILLS DECREASE!!! The result……18% hit ratio!!! Statistics have proven, the first person to fire the first round and hit the target, somewhere, generally wins (survives) the encounter. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
The Five Fundamentals of Handgun Shooting The Grip The Stance Sight Alignment – Sight Picture Trigger Squeeze Follow Thru Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
The Grip The shooter should acquire the grip at the holster. The grip should be equated with a good firm handshake (not a death grip). Both hands should be placed on the grip for shooting with supported shooting. Shooters should learn the punch-out method. The shooter should be pushing with the strong hand and pulling back with the weak (support) hand. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Stance The primary factor in the stance, the shooter should be comfortable! The feet should be shoulder width apart and the back should be straight. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Sight Alignment Sight alignment is merely when the front sight is aligned with the rear sight. The front blade sight should have equal amount of light on both sides. The front sight should be level with the rear sight. The master eye must be focused on the sights, not the target. Both eyes should remained opened. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Sight Picture The target is now added to the equation, however: The eye still remains focused and concentrated on the front sight with the point of aim being the center of where you want to place the bullet. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Trigger Squeeze The finger contact should be on the PAD of the finger, not hooked in the first joint. Dont drag the trigger finger on the frame of the weapon. Only the pad of the finger moves and that would be straight back. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Trigger Squeeze Sight alignment and sight picture must be maintained throughout the squeeze. When the shot breaks it should come as surprise. When squeezing the trigger, the shooter should control the breathing (hold breath momentarily). Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Trigger Squeeze, cont. The shooter should stay away from Anticipation of Recoil. The weapon will not hurt you if handled in a safe manner. The actual noise equates to nothing more than a loud handclap (with hearing protection on) and makes a sound of approximately 65 decibels, the same sound as two people talking a little loud in a room. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Follow-Thru For proper bullet placement, you must… Maintain everything while squeezing the trigger, Fully release the trigger after each shot, Fully repeat this process after each shot. And remember… Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Consistency in marksmanship equals proficiency on the range. Consistency in marksmanship equals survival on the street and at home. YOU ARE AS YOU TRAIN Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Firearms Selection Although the selection of a sidearm should be a personal decision the minimum caliber accepted for defensive carry is usually a.380. Due to public perception, the larger caliber weapons should be avoided, (.44 and.50 caliber Desert Eagles style weapons). Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Ammunition Selection The shooter should carry new, factory ammo for home defense due to dependability. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Factory reloads Home made reloads Inverted bullets Cutting an X into the bullet Beads of mercury in the hollow point covered in wax Hot loads Armor piercing Any round the public (jury) may frown on in the event the shooter is forced to use deadly force. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
Weapon Selection When selecting a firearm, the number one priority should be how well it fits your hand. This does not necessarily mean a small frame person with small hands needs to carry a small frame weapon, however a large handed person usually opts for a larger grip weapon. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
The End! This presentation is property of Security Operation Services, Inc. The information included may not be reproduced or disseminated without expressed written consent. Security Operation Services, Inc. © 2012
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