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AIR RIFLE and RANGE SAFETY Colonel J. P. Holder Glynn Academy Rifle Team Coach.

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Presentation on theme: "AIR RIFLE and RANGE SAFETY Colonel J. P. Holder Glynn Academy Rifle Team Coach."— Presentation transcript:

1 AIR RIFLE and RANGE SAFETY Colonel J. P. Holder Glynn Academy Rifle Team Coach

2 Air Rifle Safety Session Objective: To master the principles of gun and range safety and the performance outcomes that you must demonstrate to safely participate on the Rifle Team

3 Mastering Air Rifle Safety s Safe Gun Handling Rules s Shooting Range Basics s Range Commands s Range Firing Procedures s Personal and Health Requirements s Everyone is a Safety Officer s Self-Discipline & Focus

4 Safety Performance Objectives Properly Trained Shooters Will: s Be aware of the gun muzzle and maintain proper muzzle control at all times s Check for and maintain an open action on every gun you handle s Keep index fingers off of the trigger except when firing s Respond properly to range commands and special range situations s Be aware of the gun handling of those around them and assist others in following safe gun handling rules

5 Learning To Handle Guns Safely s Start with the goal—NO gun accidents! s Learn primary gun parts: M-A-T s Learn M-A-T performance standards s Practice handling air rifles--safety comes from practice, not knowledge s Safe gun handling rules apply to ALL guns and firearms

6 Primary Gun Parts and Their Functions 3. Trigger2. Action1. Muzzle

7 Know How Rifle Actions Function Rifle and other gun actions (except muzzle-loaders) have a bolt or action that can be opened or closed. Opening the action exposes the breech (rear) end of the barrel for loading. Opening and closing the bolt/action cocks the firing mechanism and prepares the rifle for firing. Daisy bolt in open position, pulled to rear Close bolt by pushing forward Smallbore rifle bolt in open position. Learn how your rifle action functions before attempting to use it.

8 Rule 1--Muzzle Control s 1st rule in gun handling- -control the direction the muzzle points s Point the gun in a safe direction—usually upward or downrange towards the targets s Never point a gun at another person s Safest direction is usually upward with the muzzle held above head level

9 Rule 2—Actions Open s 2 nd rule in gun handling—keep the gun action open, except when actually firing s Visually check the action to verify that it is open (CBI inserted in air rifle) s A gun with an open action cannot be fired unintentionally s Know how the action functions on any rifle you handle s On target ranges, actions must remain open at all times except when the rifle is on the firing line and dry or live firing is authorized OPEN AIR RIFLE ACTIONS

10 Rule 3—Finger Off Trigger s 3 rd gun handling rule-- keep the finger off the trigger except when actually firing s The trigger guard protects the trigger from being unintentionally pulled s Hold or carry the rifle with the index finger outside of the trigger guard s Place the index finger on the trigger only after starting to aim at the target s Place the index finger on the trigger only after starting to aim at the target

11 CBI—Clear Barrel Indicator s CBI (Clear Barrel Indicator) used to confirm rifle is unloaded s CBI inserted when rifle is taken to range s CBI removed on firing line when preparation for firing begins s When firing is completed, ground rifle, insert CBI Inserting CBI after firing

12 Safety Rules Apply to All Guns Safe gun handling rules apply to ALL guns in ALL circumstances Safe gun handling rules apply to ALL guns in ALL circumstances Muzzle Control Open Action Open Action with Safety Flag

13 The Most Important Rifle Safety Component? The person holding the Rifle

14 Air Rifle Range Layout Firing Line Firing Distance = 10 meters Firing Points Target Backstops Range Officer Station Ready Line Safety Barrier Ready Area

15 Range Rules s Range Officer: In charge of range, RO must be an adult s Firing Point: One for each shooter s Target Holder/Backstop: One for each firing point s Firing Line: No part of the body may touch the firing line or the floor ahead of line s Ready Line: Persons waiting to fire & spectators must remain behind line

16 Basic Range Commands s LOAD  OK to insert pellet  OK to close action s START  OK to begin firing  OK to continue firing s STOP  Immediately stop attempting to fire shot (finger off trigger!)  Open action  Firing no longer authorized  Follow RO instructions s UNLOAD  RO must confirm unloaded condition--RO assistance required to unload loaded rifle

17 Safety Definitions s Unloaded Rifle:  Action open  No pellet in barrel  CBI inserted s Grounded Rifle:  On floor or bench  Unloaded w/CBI inserted s Line is Clear:  Rifles are unloaded, grounded and checked  No one handles rifles s Line is Hot:  No one forward of firing line  Ready for firing s Preparation Period:  OK to remove CBIs, close bolts and practice aim  Loading is not authorized

18 Safe Loading Procedure 1. Start with open action 2. Insert pellet 3. Close action Insert pellet here, then close bolt

19 Range Safety Procedures s Malfunctions  Keep rifle pointed downrange  Raise Hand  Wait for RO to inspect rifle and give instructions

20 Range Safety Procedures s Firing Completed  Immediately open action  Ground rifle  Insert CBI  Wait for instructions

21 Range Safety Procedures s Loaded Rifle after STOP-UNLOAD STOP-UNLOAD  Keep rifle pointed downrange  Raise Hand  Announce: LOADED RIFLE  Wait for RO to give instructions to fire rifle into the backstop

22 Personal Safety & Hygiene s Pellet Handling Hygiene  Lead is toxic substance  No food on range  No open beverage containers  Wash hands in cold water after handling pellets s Safety Glasses  Wearing safety or eyeglasses during air rifle firing is recommended but not mandatory ◊Hearing Protection  Optional for air rifle firing  May improve concentration s Personal Clothing  Sweatshirt or work shirt  Glove (for hand that holds or supports rifle)

23 Special Conditions s Safeties  Mechanical device to facilitate carrying loaded guns  On target ranges, the safety is the open action  Most target air rifles do not have mechanical safeties  Mechanical safety usage is not mandatory in air rifle target shooting s Other Range Commands  Some ROs may use “commence/cease fire”  Follow RO instructions and commands s Safe Air Rifles for Target Ranges  Use only 4.5mm/.177 cal. air rifles  Use only air rifles with pellet velocities of 600 fps or less s Targets  Shoot only at your designated target

24 Achieving a Perfect Safety Record s Safety requires self-discipline and focus—we must always pay attention to safety s Everyone…is a Safety Officer  Never tolerate unsafe gun handling by others  Act immediately to correct unsafe situations  Anyone can call STOP in a safety emergency s Remember the Goal—No Gun Accidents!


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