Presentation on theme: "SITUATION ANALYSIS & RESEARCH PRIORITIZATION FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT IN BIDAR DISTRICT SUJALA TEAM UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES, BAGALKOT-58710."— Presentation transcript:
SITUATION ANALYSIS & RESEARCH PRIORITIZATION FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT IN BIDAR DISTRICT SUJALA TEAM UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES, BAGALKOT-58710
SITUATION ANALYSIS AND RESEARCH PRIORTATION FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT IN BIDAR DISTRICT Team of Scientists from UHS Bagalkot 1. Dr. Ashok S. Alur, Prof of Soil Science 2. Dr. Praveenkumar B. Naikodi, Soil Scientist 3. Dr. Nagendra Kawale, Agricultural Engineer 4. Dr. M. Srinivas, Horticultural Specialist 5. Dr. A. G. Patil, Agronomist 6. Dr. Kaujalagi. Agricultural Economist 7. Dr. Nagaraj, Associate Professor (Soil Science) 8. Dr. Suma. R. Asst. Prof. Soil Science
General information of Bidar District Lies between 17 o 35 !! and 18 o 25 !! North latitudes 76 0 42 !! minutes and 77 0 39 !! East longitudes. Situated with an altitude ranging from 420 to 690 mt from MSL Total Geographical Area: 5.42 lakh ha Total Cultivable Area: 4.53 lakh ha Irrigated Area: 0.46 lakh ha No. of Small and Marginal farmers : 159624 No. of Big farmers : 78785 Total no. of Raita Samparka Kendras: 30 Total no. of co-operative societies : 175
TalukGeographical Area (Sq. Kms) Aurad 1224.4 BasavaKalyan 1205.9 Bhalki 1117.3 Bidar 926.0 Humnabad 985.3 Talukawise Geographical area dustridution (Sq.km)
Land Utilization 2011-12 (Hectares) Geographical Area541765 Forest 27707 Non- Agriculture 22006 Barren19127 Cultivable Waste19382 Permanent Pasture13964 Trees and Groves10915 Agro climatic zone North Eastern Transitional zone (Zone-I)
Rain Fall Pattern of the district The average annual rainfall at Bidar is 847.2mm. About 81% of annual rainfall is received during the period from June to September. The uneven distribution of rainfall makes the district is drought-prone. The average numbers of rainy days in the district are 52.
Drainage map of Bidar District
Major Soil of Bidar District Soil types % of total cultivable area Very shallow mixed clayey and red loamy soil31.90 Deep alluvial soil 24.70 Deep black clayey soil22.80 Deep lateritic gravelly clay soil20.40 Deep lateritic clayey soil 0.20
11 The research priorities for Bidar district: Scientific study and characterization of natural resources at cadastral level for analyzing the resource potential and their appropriate conservation. Deepening the understanding by developing tools for characterization of hydrological dynamics in relation to hydro geological features and impacts of climate variability. Augmentation of land capabilities through suitable watershed based scientific interventions that contribute for more sustainable improvements in productivity. Addressing the site specific constraints through research and development interventions through participatory approaches. Strengthening/capacity building of watershed based community organizations through more realistic participatory bottom-up approach for sustainable development of the district. Evaluation of soil resources for suitable technologies for soil and water conservation and assessing suitability of crops. Identification of various constraints affecting crops productivity and planning for addressing constraints to enhance the productivity of crops.
Research priorities for Horticulture component Promoting horticulture in the district with horticultural components such as fruit crops (cashew, mango, tamarind, custard apple, etc) through dry land horticultural techniques. Vegetable crops (chilly, curry leaf, drumstick) and perennial species may be introduced for utilizing soil moisture from deeper soil horizons apart from conserving soil and rain water through dry land horticultural techniques. Mixed dry land orchard systems such as cashew /mango/sapota lime/custard apple have more scope. Short duration and intensive horticultural activities such as nurseries, cultivation of short duration vegetables under watershed areas. Developing suitable Agri –Horti-Silviculture measures for resource conservation and enhancement of productivity of land. Promotion of horticulture based integrated farming systems