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SITUATION ANALYSIS AND RESEARCH PRIORTATION FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT IN GADAG AND KOPPAL DISTRICTS Team of Scientists from UAS, Dharwad 1. Dr. P.L.Patil;

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Presentation on theme: "SITUATION ANALYSIS AND RESEARCH PRIORTATION FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT IN GADAG AND KOPPAL DISTRICTS Team of Scientists from UAS, Dharwad 1. Dr. P.L.Patil;"— Presentation transcript:

1 SITUATION ANALYSIS AND RESEARCH PRIORTATION FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT IN GADAG AND KOPPAL DISTRICTS Team of Scientists from UAS, Dharwad 1. Dr. P.L.Patil; Nodal Officer & Professor & Head Soil Science 2. Dr. G.S.Dasog; Dean (Agri.), AC, Dharwad 3. Dr. B.I.Bidari; Professor, Soil Science, 4. Dr. M. Hebbara; Assoc. Professor, Soil Science, 5. Dr. V.B.Kuligod; Assoc. Professor, Soil Science, 6. Dr. S.S.Gundlur; Soil Physicist, Belvatagi 7. Dr. C.B. Meti; Assoc. Professor Agril. Engg,. 8. Dr. G.N.Kulkarni; Assoc. Professor, Agril. Econ, 9. Dr. S.G.Angadi: Assoc. Professor of Horticulture 10.Dr. G.Somanagoudar: Assoc. Professor, Agron, ARS, Annigeri 11. Ms. Geeta Channal; SMS, EEU, Gadag

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3 Total Geographical areas Gadag-4656 Sq.km Koppal sq.km GadagKoppal Sl.no TalukArea in ha TalukArea in ha 1 Gadag (23.52) Gangavathi 132,131 (23.91) 2 Mundaragi88398 (18.98) Koppal 136,755 (24.75) 3 Naragund43562 (9.3) Kushtagi 135,779 (24.57) 4 Ron (27.71) Yelburga 147,830 (26.75) 5 Shirahatti94913 (20.3) Total5,52,495 6 Total4,65,715

4 Drainage map

5 Classification of land and other land details GadagKoppal Sl noParticularsArea in Ha % to the Total geographical area Area in ha % to the Total geographical area 1Total geographical area4,65,715-5,52,495- 2Area under Forest , Barren and uncultivable land Land put into non-agricultural uses Cultivable waste Permanent pastures and other grazing lands Miscellaneous tree crops and grooves not included in the net area sown Current Fallow Other Fallow Net Area Sown* Gross Cropped Area* Cropping intensity (%)

6 Land degradation Classes Area (ha) 1. Normal Sheet -erosion (Wsh1) Rills (Wri2) Gullies-severe (Wgu3) Surface ponding-slight (Lsp1) Surface ponding-moderate (Lsp2) Saline-slight (ssa1) Saline-Moderate (ssa2) Saline-Severe (ssa3) Sodic-Slight (Sso1) Sodic-Moderate (Sso2) Sodic-Severe (Sso3) Saline Sodic-Moderate (sss2) Saline Sodic-Severe(sss3) Mining (Hmd) Barren Rocky/stony waste (Tbs) Miscellaneous (Tms) Industrial effluent affected area (Hie) Brick kiln area (Hbk) Total Geographical Area (ha) Total Degraded land (ha) Percent Degraded land34.12

7 Climate Total ; 613 mm Total ; 572 mm

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9 Irrigation Resources Sl.noGadag Koppal Particulars NumberNet sown area, ha Value/detailsNet sown area, ha Details 1Canals18,987 ha irrigation MRBC 142 km (60 Distributaries) 39, (km) 2Tanks (nos) 3wells---- Open wells5012Area under irrigation in ha 887NA Bore wells31,028Area under irrigation in ha 30,341NA Tube wellsNA72, (Nos) 4Lift irrigationNA61210 (Nos) 5Total irrigated area 50,215 ha (13.06) 1,13,065 (30.56) 6Rain fed area3,34,516 (86.94) 2,56,792 (69.43)

10 Major soil types Sl.No.Soil typeArea ( `000 ha) Gadag 1Medium black soils Deep black soils Shallow black soils28.3 4Red and black mixed soils12.2 5Red sandy soils0.1 Koppal 1Red soil Medium deep black soil131.5

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12 Information on Soils of Gadag District TalukaSoil typeDeficient major nutrients Deficient micro nutrients GadagDeep clay, red gravaley clay Phosphorous Zinc RonDeep clayNitrogen, Phosphorous Zinc NargundDeep clayNitrogen, Phosphorous Zinc MundaragiRed gravaley clay, Deep clay, Nitrogen, Phosphorous Zinc ShirahattiDeep clay, red gravaley clay Phosphorous, Nitrogen, Zinc

13 Koppal District Fig.1 :Location of the Study area Karnataka India Bhanapur microwatershed Soil resources of a micro watershed in Koppal District

14 Landscape of Bhanapur microwatershed

15 P5 Location: '30.77" N, '15.24" E Classification : Coarse loamy, mixed, isohyperthermic, Lithic Haplustepts

16 P8 Location: '10.28" N, '44.23" E Classification : Coarse loamy, mixed, isohyperthermic, medium, Psammantic Haplustalf

17 P16 Location: '54.18" N '48.49" E Classification : Fine clayey, montmorillonitic, isohyperthermic, Typic Calciustert

18 Productivity of important crops (Average of ) Sl. No.CropProductivity (kg/ha) GadagKoppal 1Sorghum Greengram Groundnut Maize Chickpea Paddy Bajra Sunflower Horticultural cropst/ha 6Onion Greenchilli Sapota Mango Banana Pomegranate--15.3

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20 Livestock and poultry population (in ‘000) Sl.noName of the block CattleBuffaloSheepGoatPoultrypig Total 1Gadag District (17.94) (9.06) (35.48) (35.48) (17.98) NA Koppal District (43.25) (19.18) NA (35.21) NA13275 (2.34)

21 Table : Average productivity of crops during 2005 and 2006 in Bhanapur Micro-watershed CropsAverage yield (kg/ha) Black soils Maize Groundnut Red gram25075 Red soils Maize Groundnut Bajra Red gram21050 Total Rainfall (mm) Soil Productivity and constraints

22 Fig. : Volumetric soil moisture percentage of Bhanapur microwatershed on 28 th June 2006 Soil moisture (%) Area (ha) > Total Fig. : Volumetric soil moisture percentage of Bhanapur microwatershed on 14 th July 2006 Soil moisture (%) Area (ha) Total581.96

23 Fig. : Volumetric soil moisture percentage of Bhanapur microwatershed on 02 nd August 2006 Soil moisture (%) Area (ha) > Total Soil moisture (%) Area (ha) > Total Fig. : Volumetric soil moisture percentage of Bhanapur microwatershed on 18 th August 2006

24 Fig. : Volumetric soil moisture percentage of Bhanapur microwatershed on 06 th September 2006 Soil moisture (%) Area (ha) Total Soil moisture (%) Area (ha) > Total Fig. : Volumetric soil moisture percentage of Bhanapur microwatershed on 22 nd September 2006

25 Physical and fertility constraints

26 Fig. : Gravel % of soils of Bhanapur microwatershed Gravel %Area (ha) Non gravely Gravelly Very gravelly40.36 Extremely gravelly13.69 Total Fine sand Fine clay Medium coarse Total Very coarse Area (ha) Soil texture Medium sand Fig. : Soil texture of Bhanapur microwatershed

27 96.49Deep (110+) Moderate deep (50-100) Total Shallow (25-50) Area (ha)Soil depth (cm) Fig. Soil Depth of Bhanapur microwatershed Fig. Maximum water holding capacity of soils of Bhanapur microwatershed High water retention (>50%) Medium water retention (31-50%) Total Low water retention (0-30%) Area (ha)Maximum water holding capacity

28 pH rangeArea (ha) Slightly acidic (<6.5)06.28 Neutral (6.5 – 7.5) Alkaline (7.5 – 8.5) Total Fig. : Soil reaction status of Bhanapur microwatershed Fig. : Salinity status of Bhanapur microwatershed EC (dS/m)Area (ha) Non-saline Saline10.95 Total581.96

29 O.C (%)Area (ha) Low Medium Total Fig. : Organic carbon status of Bhanapur microwatershed

30 N (kg/ha)Area (ha) Low Medium1.54 Total Fig. : Available nitrogen status of Bhanapur microwatershed Fig. : Available phosphorus status of Bhanapur microwatershed P 2 O 5 (kg/ha)Area (ha) Low26.71 Medium Total581.96

31 K 2 O (kg/ha)Area (ha) Low66.00 Medium High Total Fig. : Available potassium status of Bhanapur microwatershed Fig. : Available sulphur status of Bhanapur microwatershed S (mg/kg)Area (ha) Low Medium Total581.96

32 Fe (mg/kg)Area (ha) Deficient85.46 Sufficient61.06 Excess Total Fig. : Available iron status of Bhanapur microwatershed Fig. : Available manganese status of Bhanapur microwatershed Mn (mg/kg)Area (ha) Excess Total581.96

33 Fig. : Available zinc status of Bhanapur microwatershed Zn (mg/kg)Area (ha) Deficient Sufficient Total Fig. : Available copper status of Bhanapur microwatershed Cu (mg/kg)Area (ha) Deficient Sufficient Total581.96

34 Generally, soil productivity of the watershed was low. Important productivity constraints identified are; Low soil moisture, Low soil depth, Gravelly coarse texture Low organic matter and Deficiency of N, P, S, Zn and Cu.

35 Demographic details: Population : Gadag Koppal Sl noPopulationValues%PopulationValues% 1Male Male Female Female Total Population Total Population Rural Rural Urban Urban

36 literacy status Gadagkoppal Sl noPopulation% 1Male Female Total

37 RESEARCH PRIORTATION FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT 1.3 Land Resource Inventory and GIS Database for Watershed Planning Study of natural resources, evaluating soil resources for prioritization of soil and water conservation and assessing suitability of crops. Identification of various constraints affecting crops productivity and planning for addressing constraints to enhance the productivity of crops.

38 Priority Research Projects in different components Development and Piloting of Improved Approaches, Tools and Knowledge for Integrated Watershed Management Adaption of Genomics Derived Drought and Charcoal Rot Resistant rabi Sorghum Varieties and Characterisation of Niche Specific Landraces of Sorghum, Chilli and Chickpea of Gadag and Koppal Districts Development of Decision Support Tools for Site Selection and for Design of Soil and Water Conservation measures Enhancing crop productivity through Site Specific Management of N,P,S and Micronutrients in micro catchments of Gadag and Koppal districts DEVELOPING BEST PRACTICE MODELS FOR IMPROVED HYDROLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING In situ meteorological monitoring at sub-watershed scale in Gadag District Hydrological studies and water budgeting of the selected watersheds in Gadag and Koppal districts Impact of soil and water conservation structures on the groundwater regime of the sub watersheds in Gadag and Koppal districts

39 Research priorities in terms of Horticulture component Perennial Horticultural components such as fruit crops (Mango, Sapota, Tamarind, Custard apple, amla etc) vegetable crops (curry leaf, drumstick) and perennial species may be introduced for utilizing soil moisture from deeper soil horizons apart from conserving soil and rain water Mixed dryland orchard systems such as mango/sapota + lime/papaya/custard apple has ample scope in getting early returns with minimum expenditure towards inputs specially labour Short duration and intensive horticultural activities such as nurseries, cultivation of short duration vegetables such as green leafy and leguminous vegetables can be adopted under watershed areas through which soil physical and chemical properties will be improved. Drought hardy annual (e.g. Gailardia) and perennial (e.g.Jasmine, chrysanthemum) flower crops and medicinal and aromatic can also be adopted.

40 2.3.3 A.Market information and intelligence – Analysis and dissemination 2.4 STRENGTHENING MARKET LINKAGES AND HORTICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Identification of Post Harvest Losses, approaches for improving post harvest losses and addressing agro-processing potentials and constraints Assessment of Status on Socio-Economic and Agro-Technological Dimensions of Agricultural Systems in Watershed Areas of Gadag and Koppal districts Strengthening Horticultural Producers Cooperative Marketing and Processing Societies 2.3 STRENGTHENING OF VALUE CHAINS AND SUPPORT Value Addition of Economically Important Crops of Gadag District Establishing of agro-processing units and value addition for Agricultural, Horticultural, livestock and Non-Timber forest produce

41 2.5 SUPPORTING CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE – ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION Comprehensive synthesis report on climate variability and agriculture production, including monsoon events Adaptive research, development, and field implementation of agro- climate advisory system for farmers, building on ISRO pilot work - research, demonstration in project areas, ICT links Synthesis And Demonstration of Best Farming Practices For Conservation Agriculture Potential for soil carbon sequestration under field and agro-forestry systems to enhance productivity and income through Carbon trade in watershed areas of Gadag and Koppal districts Establishment of Extensive Agroforestry-based Carbon Sinks by Integrating Geo-spatial Information Systems and Participatory Approach to Enhance Productivity and Livelihood in watershed areas of Gadag and Koppal districts Assessment of climate sensitive crop and animal disease/pest risks in Gadag and Koppal districts

42 Component- 3 INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING Sub-component 3.1 AGRICULTURE INTENSIFICATION AND WATER USE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Production of communication materials, field notes, toolkits, videos, etc for dissemination of information on water use information Sub-component 3.2: Training programs to strengthen extension and watershed management, integration with agriculture and broader program convergence Technical support to prepare training modules 3.2.2: Training and support to village level extension agents (Jala Mitras Gopal Mitras, farming facilitators) Training and support to community institutions and farmers on natural resource management, agricultural intensification, soil management, nutrient management, water management and micro-irrigation, conservation agriculture, etc, (through farmer field schools, outreach programs, etc). 3.1 Designing and developing need based e- resources to build pro-climate change mitigation understanding among the local communities in the watershed areas of Gadag and Koppal districts

43 COMPONENT 3: INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING TRAINING PROGRAMMES TO STRENGTHEN EXTENSION AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT, INTEGRATION WITH AGRICULTURE AND BROADER PROGRAM CONVERGENCE. Empowerment of SHG members through Micro-enterprises in Watershed areas to achieve livelihood security 3.2 Survey and reporting of Indigenous Technical Knowledge related to soil and water conservation, agriculture and drought adaptation

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45 Thank You


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