AWARENESS Definition of a nontraditional occupation Overview Examples of nontraditional occupations for women and men Why promote nontraditional career options? Roadblocks males and females may experience Solutions to overcome roadblocks
Any occupation in which women or men comprise 25% or less of its total employment is considered nontraditional. AWARENESS Definition of Nontraditional Occupation? Occupations or careers may be nontraditional based on a history of gender stereotyping, segregation and discrimination in the workforce. For the purposes of this resource the term nontraditional is used to refer to the gender underrepresented in an occupation. Cluster/Pathway Nontraditional Designations Internet Resource
AWARENESS Examples of a Nontraditional Occupation for Women and Men Nontraditional Occupations for Women CD-Resource Nontraditional Occupations for Men CD-Resource Information on the 16 Career Clusters Internet Resource
43% In 2007, 43% of female- headed households with children under the age of eighteen lived in poverty compared with 8.5% for children in married-couple families. AWARENESS Why Nontraditional?
28.3% In 2007, the poverty rate for number of female- householder-with-no- husband-present families was 28.3% compared to married-couple families at 4.9% and male-householder with-no-wife-present families at 13.6%. AWARENESS Why Nontraditional?
$33,916 In 2007, Blacks had the lowest median household income of $33,916 which was 62% of the median for non-Hispanic white households. AWARENESS Why Nontraditional? Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2007.
AWARENESS For women, the need for better wages is imperative given the high poverty data regarding women and their families. Workforce and economic development is critical as the need for workers across the nation exceeds the supply of trained workers available. For individuals, a nontraditional occupation could be a better career fit when considering job skills, personal interests and lifestyle. Why Nontraditional?
AWARENESS Female-to-Male Earnings Ratio and Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers 15 years and Older by Sex: 1960 to 2007 Why Nontraditional? Source: U. S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1961 to 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2007. AWARENESS Per Capita Income Earnings by Race (2007) Race Median Income White White, not Hispanic Black Asian Hispanic (any race) $52,115 $54,920 $33,916 $66,103 $38,679 Why Nontraditional?
Source: : U.S. Census Bureau, 2005-2007 American Community Survey. AWARENESS Median Earnings by Disability DisabilityMedian Income Workers with a disability Males with a disability Females with a disability $17,720 $21,441 $14,495 Why nontraditional?
AWARENESS Why Nontraditional? Average wages for the top 20 leading occupations for women and men. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Household Data Annual Averages, Table 39 Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by detailed occupation and sex. Available at www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat39.pdf www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat39.pdf Women $33,176 Annually Women $33,176 Annually Men $41,496 Annually Men $41,496 Annually Womens earnings were 80% of mens Source: Department of Labor, Womens Bureau. Available at www.dol.gov/wb/factsheets/Qf-laborforce-07.htm
AWARENESS Why Nontraditional? Median earnings of persons aged 16-24, young women earned 92% of what young men earned. Source: Department of Labor, Womens Bureau, http://www.dol.gov/wb/factsheets/Qf-laborforce- 07.htm http://www.dol.gov/wb/factsheets/Qf-laborforce- 07.htm Pay gap is largely a result of women working in traditional jobs which pay less than male dominated jobs.
AWARENESS Social and economic benefits Equality of opportunity in education and employment Elimination of poverty and reduction of wage gaps Meeting workforce and employer needs Employer Benefits A diverse workforce Multiple perspectives and problem-solving styles Increased quality to workplace Why Promote Nontraditional Career Options?
AWARENESS Individual Benefits Individual and skill set fit Job benefits Career fulfillment and success Educator Benefits A diverse classroom brings new perspectives to class Improved teaching and learning practices Why Promote?
AWARENESS Both males and females can face roadblocks when pursuing a nontraditional career. Roadblocks hamper success and self- satisfaction. Students are more likely to complete a program if there are at least 3-5 students of the same gender enrolled in that class. Roadblocks Males and Females May Experience in Nontraditional Occupations
AWARENESS Social/cultural Socialization to traditional gender roles Lack of support from family, friends, and classmates or coworkers Lack of self-confidence Lack of gender role models Common Roadblocks for Both Males and Females
AWARENESS Education and Training Limited information about nontraditional options Gender is usually directed to traditional classes Isolation and sexual harassment in classrooms Lack of instructor support Lack of support services such as transportation to class Common Roadblocks for Both Males and Females
AWARENESS Common Roadblocks for Both Males and Females On the Job Discrimination in hiring, firing, promotion, layoffs Lack of facilities to accommodate gender Isolation and sexual harassment in the workplace Lack of union support in some trade areas Lack of support services such as transportation to class or child care
AWARENESS Social/cultural Perception that men arent caring Perception that men who choose a nontraditional career arent masculine May be less opportunity for advancement Salary Many nontraditional occupations for men have low salaries. Other Roadblocks for Males
AWARENESS Social/cultural Many women have limited experience with tools and mechanical operations, so they are hesitant to enroll in a course where they feel unprepared or behind their peers. Other Roadblocks for Females Education and Training Lack of prerequisite classes in math and science Lack of support services for child care
AWARENESS Social/cultural Work to educate and raise awareness as to the benefits of entering a nontraditional career. Invite, involve, and educate parents. Conduct elementary and middle school programs. Provide role models and mentors. Solutions to Overcome Roadblocks
AWARENESS Education and Training Work to ensure that all students are able to make a choice of careers based upon their skills and abilities and not their gender. Provide access to and support for academic proficiency especially in math and science. Implement and model gender-fair institutional strategies. Conduct professional development with teachers at all levels. Solutions to Overcome Roadblocks
AWARENESS Education and Training (cont.) Review career guidance materials and practices for gender bias and nontraditional exposure and support. Evaluate all school materials for gender bias and positive nontraditional images. Conduct pre-technical training programs. Conduct nontraditional student support groups and peer counseling. Solutions to Overcome Roadblocks
AWARENESS On the job Be a part of the solution that provides a safe and harassment free environment for all workers regardless of their gender. Increase competence in diversity and sexual harassment prevention. Provide nontraditional role models, mentors, and job shadowing. Provide a continuum of support services. Invite, involve, and educate business. Collaborate with community-based organizations. Solutions to Overcome Roadblocks
AWARENESS REVIEW Definition of nontraditional occupation Examples of NTO for women and men Any occupation in which women and men comprise 25% or less of its total employment is considered nontraditional. Women Women and men NTO jobsmen Women Women and men NTO jobsmen
AWARENESS REVIEW Benefits of nontraditional occupations Social and economic benefits Employer benefits Individual benefits Educator benefits Social and economic benefits Employer benefits Individual benefits Educator benefits
AWARENESS REVIEW Roadblocks males and females may experience Males and females face many of the same roadblocks when pursuing a career in a nontraditional occupation. Types of roadblocks include: Social/cultural Education and training On the job Salary Males and females face many of the same roadblocks when pursuing a career in a nontraditional occupation. Types of roadblocks include: Social/cultural Education and training On the job Salary
AWARENESS REVIEW Solutions to overcome roadblocks Work to educate and raise awareness about benefits of nontraditional careers. Ensure that students make choices based upon their skills and abilities and not gender. Provide a safe and harassment free environment for all workers regardless of their gender. Work to educate and raise awareness about benefits of nontraditional careers. Ensure that students make choices based upon their skills and abilities and not gender. Provide a safe and harassment free environment for all workers regardless of their gender.