Presentation on theme: "MEASURING LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN"— Presentation transcript:
1 MEASURING LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN (UGANDA’S EXPERIENCE)BEN PAUL MUNGYEREZA (NSO)ANDRICHARD NDIKURYAYO (GENDER MINISTRY)Global Forum On Gender Statistics Accra, Ghana, January 26–28, 2009
2 Presentation Outline Why measure women participation Data sources Collaboration to improve measurementSelected Labour Market IndicatorsPreliminary findings of the Gender and Productivity SurveyEfforts to build gender statistics in Uganda
3 Measuring women’s work Purpose: To provide informationWe want to know:The status of women participation?We want to monitor:If there are changes in labour force participation of womenUse information to improve policy and plans.
4 Data sourcesTwo main data sources, which generate data that is interpreted to support national-level planning towards gender equality and equity.Censuses (after every ten years)National Household Surveys.
5 National Household Surveys Uganda National Household Surveys every after 2 yearsOther household-based surveys include:demographic and health survey (every 5 ),national service delivery surveys (every 4 years)etc
6 Efforts to improve the measurement of women’s work in Uganda Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) works very closely with all the stakeholders.UBOS together with key stakeholders developed the compendium of concepts and definitions used in the National Statistical System with Gender concepts clearly spelt out.
7 Consultative meetings Modular Approach Specific activities to improve the measurement of women’s work in UgandaConsultative meetingsModular ApproachGender Analysis of Census and Survey ReportsGender and Productivity SurveysComputation of Labour Market Indicators
8 Consultative meetings Questionnaires prepared are shared out with different stakeholders for their input. UBOS always consults with Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development and Uganda Gender Forum.However, it must be noted that not all suggested questions are always included due to limited space in survey questionnaire.
9 Modular ApproachUBOS attaches more comprehensive modules. For example, during the 2002/03 and 2005/2006 National Household Surveys, separate and more detailed labour module was attached.More detailed information on the labour market in relation to gender and women’s work was included.
10 Gender Analysis of Existing data Detailed gender analysis of Population and Housing Censuses and National Household Surveys.Analysis of existing data reveals a number of gender issues that were omitted.The issues generated assist UBOS when organizing subsequent censuses and surveys to ensure that women’s work is captured.
11 Gender and Productivity Survey The first ever Gender and productivity survey was conducted in Uganda between October 2007 and February 2008Questions developed jointly between the Economic Policy Research Centre, Uganda Bureau of Statistics and Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development.Aimed at capturing more data particularly in the area of women’s paid and unpaid work. The survey covered 4,291 households in the entire country.In addition to the regular socio-economic module, individual questionnaires were developed for women and men on assets ownership, health, roles in decision making, domestic violence, etc
12 Gender and Productivity Survey cont.. Woman’s questionnaireDecision regarding utilization of resources earned by the womanOwn choice VS husband’s choiceVoluntary vs involuntary surrender of earnings to husbandThis important gender dimension has often been left out by national household surveys.Extensive training for enumerators was carried out to be able to fully capture women’s contributions.The report for this survey is yet to be completed. Only a draft has been developed.
13 Labour Market Indicators Size in the Labour forceLabour force participation rateEmployment to population ratioStatus in employmentEmployment by sectorHours of work
14 Labour ForceDefinition: Economically active population in segment 14 to 64 yearsApprox. 9.8 million (2003)Males: %Females: 52.6%Slight male/female difference.
23 Gender and Productivity Survey The GPS preliminary results for 2008 are consistent with the household survey results of 2003Participation rate for women in rural is higher than urbanWithin rural, female participation rate is higher than that for men
25 Share of unpaid family work The GPS preliminary results are consistent with the household survey resultsMore women are engaged in unpaid family workThere is more unpaid work in the rural areas
26 Gender intensity in production Knowing that women have access and seek employment is importantBut it is also important to know how women compare to men within categoryGender intensity measures the share of women in a given employment category.
27 Gender Intensity – GPS (%age of women) Women dominate in unpaid family workers
28 Median wage per month in the private sector (‘000 ug.shs)-GPS
30 Major Household expenditure decisions (women quest.)
31 Efforts to build Gender Statistics in Uganda. Efforts to improve measurement of women’s workAppending a module of activities list onto National Household Survey questionnaire, to capture the full range of economic activities in which Ugandan women are engaged in.During the design of surveys, UBOS will attempt to integrate women activity lists into questionnaires.
32 Efforts to build Gender Statistics in Uganda (cont’d..) Institutional effortsUBOS has recruited an officer specifically to handle gender statistics.Increased collaboration between the Ministry of Gender, the National Statistical Office and the Training institutions.
33 Efforts to build Gender Statistics in Uganda (cont’d..) Institutional efforts …Through NSDS support, the Ministry for Gender has developed its Strategy for the development of statistics in the sector. Statistics has been mainstreamed in the sector and catered for in the budget for the next FYThrough the NSDS, the statistics unit under the Ministry responsible for Gender has been equipped and strengthened.