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Presentation on theme: "ABI, KELSEY, SAM, TAYLOR, VARUN, TORI Legionary Soldier."— Presentation transcript:


2 Basic Facts Each soldier was a Roman citizen. They agreed to be a part of the military for 25 years. All soldiers were trained in infantry warfare. Some were architects, doctors, carpenters, etc. Soldiers built camps and bridges. A legion normally consists of 5,000 foot soldiers.

3 More Basic Facts Augustus reorganized the Roman army into a standing army rather than volunteers. He also made 28 legions. The legion was divided into Cohorts which were divided into centuries. Centuries consisted of 80 men. Legions could march 20 miles a day. Legion soldiers were not allowed to marry.

4 Alex Matthew Shehan Elijah Kylie Jordan 2 nd Period RECRUITMENT

5 Roman citizen Medical examination Well-being of Roman state depends on the recruitments Appearance: Awareness Strong, manly posture: strong, lean Physical and mental strength REQUIRMENTS

6 Legion: a division of the Roman army Should all be Roman citizens Made up of 3,000-6,000 soldiers Legion recruited by an army commander He was given the task by the Senate Example: Augustus reorganizing the Roman army He wanted an army rather than volunteers Ended up with 28 legions FACTS

7 Justin Bland, Ellie Girma, Anna Litchfield, Jay Patel, Anthony Rudolph, Jonathan Yntema TRAINING, ARMOR, AND WEAPONS

8 ARMOR AND TRAINING Soldiers were taught to thrust with their swords, instead of cutting with them. Typical weaponry was a sword on the right, a dagger on the left, a javelin, and a shield. The Legionary soldier wore segmented armor of metal strips with leather straps and buckled straps over a woolen tunic. When the recruit could handle his weapons and was physically fit, he was required to go on route marches on which he had to carry armor, weapons, and a pack weighing around 90 lbs.

9 Daggers were carried by Roman Legionary soldiers, not usually for combat, but more as a symbol of their social status and were elaborately decorated. Most soldiers had marks on their chins from the helmets that they wore. The shape of the javelin made it so that when a shield was penetrated, it could not be removed and rendered the shield useless.


11 LIFE AND WORK OF A SOLDIER Soldiers spent most of their time building and road- making, or on leave. Soldiers were given duty rosters on papyrus. Letters have been found, written on wax and wooden tablets. Soldiers worked the pottery kilns, the bakery, and the brewery, built a bath house and a hospital, and made shields and swords

12 LIFE AND WORK OF A SOLDIER CONT Daggers were used mostly for show, but were also there in case a sword was lost. Christianity was slow to enter the Roman army The armor of the different armies was characterized by the region the armies were from

13 Pay & Promotion

14 Pay Initially, a soldier received 225 denarii per year Domitian raised it to 300 denarii per year The soldier only received ¼ of this after having to pay for food, clothing, and equipment. 1 denarii is roughly worth $20 USD, so that would be around $6,000 USD

15 Promotion Any soldier could hope for promotion If promoted, the soldier would be paid more and given other benefits such as being exempt from duties that a regular soldier would be responsible for. After 20-25 years of service, a soldier would be given an honorable discharge with 3,000 denarii and land.

16 By: David Draper, Sharim Khan, Gowan Moise, Brittany Pioso, Ayesa Mir

17 Specialized troops in the Roman army Archers from Arabia, slingers from Majorca and Minorca Most important- cavalry Protected the center legionnaires, launched attacks, pursued enemies Paid less than the average legionnaire Granted citizenship to the Roman empire after service What is an Auxiliary Soldier?

18 Non-Roman citizens recruited from conquests Served for 25 years in Roman army Auxilium- help in Latin Auxiliaries are defined as help soldiers Recruited into quingenaria (500 men) and milliaria (1000 men) Split in 80-100 under a centurion Mainly used for garrison of forts and policing duties Life of an Auxiliary

19 Infantry-most common auxiliary soldier Chain mail shirt-carried sword, dagger, spear w/oval shield Cavalry- recruited from tribes good with horses Spear and oval shield w/ multiple javelins attached to the saddles-used a sword for combat Arms and Armor

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