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Is an important therapeutic transaction between dentist/physician and the patient. It brings into focus the diagnostic acumen and therapeutic proficiency.

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Presentation on theme: "Is an important therapeutic transaction between dentist/physician and the patient. It brings into focus the diagnostic acumen and therapeutic proficiency."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Is an important therapeutic transaction between dentist/physician and the patient. It brings into focus the diagnostic acumen and therapeutic proficiency of the dentist/physician with instructions for palliation or restorations of the patients health.

3 Proficiency at writing a prescription order accurately and speedily requires practice. The prescription order should be written legibly. It is convenient and the accepted form to have ones name, address, telephone number, office hours and Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) registry number printed on the prescription order blank (controlled substance in schedule II)

4 CHOICE OF DRUG NAME: - Most of drugs can be prescribed by their official names, by their nonproprietary names or by the manufacturers proprietary name is often referred to as the generic name

5 CHOICE OF A SYSTEM OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURE: - Prescription orders should always be written in the metric system. - It is necessary only to designate the amount of drug by numbers and to indicate the metric of weight or volume desired

6 METRICAPOTHECARIES 1 milligram1/65 grain 1 gram15.43 grains 1 kilogram2.20 pounds 1 milliliter16.23 minims 1 ounce31.1 grams 1 minims0.062 ml 1 fluid ounce29.57ml 1 pint473.2ml 1 quart946.4 ml

7 1 teaspoonful1 dram5ml 1 tablespoonful4 drams15ml 1 wineglass2 ounces60ml 1 teacup4 to 6 ounces ml 1 glassful8 ounces240ml 1 dessert spoonful2 drams10 ml

8 Only one prescription should be written on an other blank. MAJOR ELEMENTS: 1. Date 2. Name, address, and Age of the patient 3. The symbol Rx – is an abbrevation for recipe, the Latin for take-out. 4. Drug, strength, and inert additives 5. Direction to the pharmacist 6. Directions to the patient 7. Signature

9 1. SUPERSCRIPTION – Patients name, address, and age; and the symbol Rx 2. INSCRIPTION – Name of drug, dosage form, and amount 3. SUBSCRIPTION – Direction to the pharmacist 4. TRANSCRIPTION or SIGNATURE – Directions to the patient

10 1. Heading – name, address, and phone number of the prescriber - Name, address, age and phone number of the patient - Date 2. Body - the symbol Rx - Name and dosage unit or concentration(liquids) of the drugs - Amount to be dispensed - Directions to the patient 3. Closing - Prescibers signature - Space for DEA number - refill instructions

11 Joe A. Doe, D.D.S Main Street Phone City, State ________________________________________________________ Patient name_____________ Date:__________ Address:_________________ Age:___________ Rx Mefenamic acid ( Dolfenal ) 500mg/ tab # 9 Sig: Take 1 tab 3x a day as needed for pain. Take in full stomach. Dentist:______________ License Number:__________ PTR:_____________ s2 Number________________

12 1. Only validly-registered medical, dental and veterinary practitioners, whether in private or employed in a private institution/corporation or in the government, are authorized to prescribe drugs. 2. All prescriptions must contain the name of the prescriber, office address, PRC number, Professional tax receipt number, patients/clients name, age and sex and date of prescription

13 1. Write legibly in ink 2. Use the metric system 3. Avoid abbreviations 4. Keep a copy of each prescription or transcribe the information to the patients record 5. Include complete information for the patient. a. never use take as directed unless a written instruction sheet is provided. b. include the intended purpose, for example – for relief of pain c. Use precautions to remind the patient of a drugs side effects, for example, caution: Sedation or caution: may cause drowsiness d. add reminder phrases to increase the patients compliance Example: To complete for 7 days.

14 VIOLATIVE PRESCRIPTION: - Where generic name is not written - Where the generic name is not eligible and a brand name which is legible is written - Where the brand name is indicated and instructions added (such as no substitution) which tend to prevent proper dispensing.

15 ERRONEOUS PRESCRIPTION: 1. Where the brand name precedes the generic name 2. Where the generic name is the one in parenthesis 3. Where more than one drug product is prescribed on one prescription form

16 ScheduleAbuse potentialExamplesHandling IHighestHeroin, LSD, marijuana, hallucinogens Experimental or research use only IIHighMorphine, meperidine, oxycodone, hydromorphone, amphetamine, ssecobarbital,amobarbital Prescribers signature required; no refills IIIModerateCodeine mixtures (Tylenol)Prescriptions may be telephoned; no more than 5 refills in less than 6 months IVLessBenzodiazepines (Diazepam) VleastSome codeine-containing cough syrups Can be bought over the counter in some states

17 ABBREVIATIONLATIN DERIVIATIONENGLISH MEANING a.c.Ante cibumBefore meals ad To; up to ad libad libitumAs much as desired; without limit b.i.d.bis in dieTwice a day capscapsulaCapsules gttguttaA Drop o.dOmni dieDaily, once a day h.sHora somniAt bed time, hour of sleep p.c.Post cibumAfter meals p.r.nPro re nataWhen required, as required q.hQuaque horaEvery hour q.dQuaque dieEvery day, daily q.i.d/ t.i.dQuator in die/ ter in dieFour times a day/ 3 times a day statstatimAt once, immediately

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