3 PrescriptionsPrescriptions are written orders from a practitioner for the preparation and administration of a medicine or a device.Community pharmacist’s dispense directly to the patient and the patient is expected to administer the medication according to the pharmacist’s directionsIn institutional settings, nursing staff generally administer medication to patients.
4 The Prescription Process page 76-77 A prescription is written by the prescriberThe written prescription is presented at the pharmacyPrescription information is checkedPatient and prescription data is entered into the systemPrescription is processed
5 The Prescription Process Label is generatedPrescription is preparedPrescription is checkedPatient receives the prescriptionPharmacist provides counseling
6 Pharmacy Abbreviations Abbreviations for many medical terms are regularly used in the pharmacyReview common abbreviations on pages 78 and 79
7 Rewrite these prescriptions. Hydrocodone 100mg po q4-6h prn painAlphagen 0.1% gtts q8h ou
8 Prescription Information Elements of the prescription
9 Prescription Information Checklist Patient NamePatient dataWhat is the medication?When was the Rx written?Is the drug available?Does the drug need compounding?Is the Rx suspicious in any way?
10 The Fill ProcessOnce prescription information is finalized, a label and receipt is printed.The pharmacy tech completes the fill process by placing the correct amount of medication into an appropriate container and applies the label.The pharmacist then checks the final product and the label.
11 Avoiding errorsIf unsure about any prescription, ask the pharmacist for directions. Never dispense guesswork!Medication errors can be very serious. They includeGiving the wrong medicineGiving the wrong strengthGiving the medication to the wrong patientGiving medication on a forged or altered prescription
12 LabelsLabel gives information and directions for use.
13 Auxiliary LabelsProvides additional information and warnings.
14 Label directions for use Directions should start with a verb and completely, clearly and accurately describe the administration of the medication.Indicate the route of administration.Use whole word, not abbreviationsUse familiar words, especially in measurements.
15 Institutional Labels – Unit Dose Unit dose packaging is used in hospitals and other institutional settings.
16 Pharmacist/Pharmacy Tech Roles Make sure you are familiar with the roles of the pharmacist and pharmacy tech. See page 83 in your text book.
17 Bell work 3/2Federal laws always take precedence over state laws in the practice of pharmacy. True or FalseWhere did you find this in chapter 5?