Presentation on theme: "Chapter 21 THE NEW FRONTIER AND THE GREAT SOCIETY"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 21 THE NEW FRONTIER AND THE GREAT SOCIETY The American Nation In the Modern Era3/31/2017Chapter 21 THE NEW FRONTIER AND THE GREAT SOCIETYSection 1: Kennedy and the Cold WarSection 2: The Kennedy White HouseSection 3: Johnson’s Great SocietyCHAPTER 21--THE NEW FRONTIER AND THE GREAT SOCIETY
2 Objectives: Section 1: Kennedy and the Cold War How did television coverage influence the presidential election of 1960?How did President Kennedy plan to stop the spread of communism?Why did the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba fail?How did the Cuban missile crisis almost lead to war?
3 Television coverage and the election of 1960 Section 1: Kennedy and the Cold WarTelevision coverage and the election of 1960Prior to debates, Nixon led in the polls.Debates showed Kennedy vibrant and Nixon tired.Radio listeners thought Nixon had won, but TV viewers thought Kennedy won.Kennedy won election by narrow margin.
4 Kennedy’s plan to stop communism Section 1: Kennedy and the Cold WarKennedy’s plan to stop communismThe strategy was called flexible response.Military actions included the Bay of Pigs invasion.Non-military programs included the Peace Corps and economic aid such as Alliance for Progress.
5 Failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion Section 1: Kennedy and the Cold WarFailure of the Bay of Pigs invasionstrong Cuban counterattacksabsence of a popular revoltlack of air strikeslack of naval and air support
6 The Cuban missile crisis Section 1: Kennedy and the Cold WarThe Cuban missile crisisSoviet Union installed offensive missiles in Cuba.U.S. blockaded Cuba to force the Soviet Union to remove the missiles.
7 Objectives: Section 2: The Kennedy White House How did President Kennedy’s image conflict with reality?Why did Kennedy have difficulty getting legislation passed?How did the Kennedy administration try to help poor Americans?How did Americans respond to the death of the president?
8 Kennedy’s image Section 2: The Kennedy White House presented picture of health and vitalitycarefully controlledavoided photographs of the president wearing reading glassesstruggles with illness (back trouble, Addison’s disease) hidden
9 Difficulty passing legislation Section 2: The Kennedy White HouseDifficulty passing legislationA coalition of southern Democrats and conservative Republicans in Congress opposed Kennedy’s programs.
10 Kennedy’s help for poor Americans Section 2: The Kennedy White HouseKennedy’s help for poor Americanssupported passage of the Area Redevelopment Actwas working on more antipoverty legislation when assassinated
11 Response to assassination Section 2: The Kennedy White HouseResponse to assassinationdeep mourningshock, fear, and outragethe Warren Commission
12 Objectives: Section 3: Johnson’s Great Society How did President Johnson’s War on Poverty affect American communitiesWhat problems did the Great Society programs address?How did the Warren Court expand individual liberties?Why did support for the Great Society programs decline during the late 1960s?
13 Johnson’s War on Poverty Section 3: Johnson’s Great SocietyJohnson’s War on PovertyOffice of Economic Opportunity coordinated programs such as job training.Head Start program provided pre-school education for low-income families.Volunteers in Service to America provided a domestic Peace Corps.American Indians allowed to run their own antipoverty programs.
14 The Great Society Section 3: Johnson’s Great Society health care (Medicare, Medicaid)education (Elementary and Secondary Education Act)housing (Omnibus Housing Act)cultural programsenvironmental protection acts
15 The Warren Court Section 3: Johnson’s Great Society ruled that electoral districts had to have the same number of votersdeclared that states had to provide lawyers to impoverished defendantsruled that the accused had the right to have a lawyer present during police investigationsdeclared that accused persons had to be informed of their rights at the time of arrest
16 Decline in support for the Great Society Section 3: Johnson’s Great SocietyDecline in support for the Great SocietyVietnam War diverted funds and attention.Speed of legislation worried some members of Congress.Republicans gained congressional seats in 1966 elections.Some state and local politicians disliked federal control of programs.