2 Types of Bills Private Bills Public Bills Personal Bills Government Intended to affect one particular area or organisationIntended to affect the public as a wholePersonal BillsGovernmentBillsPrivateMembers’BillsAffect one or two people. Always begin in the LordsSteered through Parliament by a minister from the appropriate government departmentSponsored by an individual MP or a Peer
3 The Queen signs-off the bill as a new law or ‘Act of Parliament’. Consultation stageThe government makes a draft of the bill and asks senior officials to make comments.First ReadingThe government announces the bill by reading out its title in the House of Commons to let everyone know about it.Second ReadingThis is the main debating stage where all MPs can discuss the bill, ask questions and vote on it. It could be voted out at this stage.Committee StageA smaller group of MPs look at the bill in detail. They may make changes, called ‘amendments’, based on their discussions.Amendments made during the Committee Stage are reported to everyone in the House of Commons. MPs may vote on these amendments.Report StageOverall consideration of the bill in the House of Commons and final votes to decide whether it goes any further.Third ReadingThe Lords StagesThe bill goes to the House of Lords who follow similar stages. They can suggest amendments to the bill and send it back to the Commons, who may send it back again until an agreement can be reached. If no agreement can be reached, the House of Commons can eventually vote to pass the law without consent from the House of Lords through an Act of Parliament which gives them more power over the House of Lords.The Royal AssentThe Queen signs-off the bill as a new law or ‘Act of Parliament’.
4 Consultation Stage House of Lords House of Commons Royal Assent BILL First ReadingDraftingSecond ReadingBILLPre-legislative ScrutinyCommittee StageReport StageBILLThird ReadingHouse of CommonsBILLFirst ReadingSecond ReadingRoyal AssentCommittee StageBILLACT OF PARLIAMENTReport StageThird Reading