Presentation on theme: "How laws are made. Types of Bills Private Bills Public Bills Personal Bills Private Members Bills Government Bills Intended to affect the public as a."— Presentation transcript:
How laws are made
Types of Bills Private Bills Public Bills Personal Bills Private Members Bills Government Bills Intended to affect the public as a whole Intended to affect one particular area or organisation Affect one or two people. Always begin in the Lords Steered through Parliament by a minister from the appropriate government department Sponsored by an individual MP or a Peer
Consultation stage First Reading Second Reading Committee Stage Report Stage Third Reading The Lords Stages The bill goes to the House of Lords who follow similar stages. They can suggest amendments to the bill and send it back to the Commons, who may send it back again until an agreement can be reached. If no agreement can be reached, the House of Commons can eventually vote to pass the law without consent from the House of Lords through an Act of Parliament which gives them more power over the House of Lords. The Royal Assent The government makes a draft of the bill and asks senior officials to make comments. The government announces the bill by reading out its title in the House of Commons to let everyone know about it. This is the main debating stage where all MPs can discuss the bill, ask questions and vote on it. It could be voted out at this stage. A smaller group of MPs look at the bill in detail. They may make changes, called amendments, based on their discussions. Amendments made during the Committee Stage are reported to everyone in the House of Commons. MPs may vote on these amendments. Overall consideration of the bill in the House of Commons and final votes to decide whether it goes any further. The Queen signs-off the bill as a new law or Act of Parliament.
Consultation StageHouse of Lords Consultation Drafting Pre-legislative Scrutiny House of Commons First Reading Second Reading Committee Stage Report Stage Third Reading Royal Assent ACT OF PARLIAMENT Committee Stage Report Stage BILL