Presentation on theme: "February 2011 An Introduction to the new Parliament."— Presentation transcript:
February 2011 An Introduction to the new Parliament
A service from the Houses of Parliament Politically neutral Aim is to increase knowledge and engagement with work and processes of Parliament Not an alternative to MPs
Took place on May What was decided? 650 seats in House of Commons UK Government What about the House of Lords?
General Election 2010
If a single party had won over 50% of seats: -automatically form Government However, no party received over 50% of seats: Largest party could have formed minority Government Two parties formed coalition Government There could have been a re-election
Coalition formed between Conservatives and Liberal Democrats Cabinet formed Shadow Cabinet announced New Parliament convenes / MPs sworn in Membership of Committees announced
House of Commons House of Lords The Monarch
Makes and passes laws (Legislation) Holds Government to account Enables the Government to set taxes
Parliament debates and discusses a huge range of subjects that affect us all Health and housing, schools and pensions, jobs and training, the way in which we choose our politicians, the way our streets are policed, laws on immigration, roads and railways, how our energy is provided – all are topics debated in Parliament Your representative in Parliament can raise issues important to you
Is the democratically elected chamber of Parliament. There are 650 MPs. MPs are usually elected every 4 to 5 years.
Making and passing laws Holding the Government to account Raising key issues Representing constituents Approving the Budget, public expenditure and allowing government to set taxation.
The Prime Minister The Cabinet
The party, or parties, that can command a majority of seats in the House of Commons forms the Government The Government runs public departments i.e. The Home Office, Benefits Agency The Government proposes new laws to Parliament The Government is accountable to Parliament
Commons, Lords, Monarch Holds Government to account Passes laws Enables taxation Represents public Raises key issues Government (Whitehall) Approximately 110 members MPs and Lords (Usually) Chosen by Prime Minister Runs public services Accountable to Parliament
In Parliament Represents their constituency Raises issues on behalf of constituents Passes new laws Scrutinises the work of Government In the Constituency Helps constituents with problems Visits groups and individuals to hear issues/ concerns Represents constituents to various bodies Campaigns
Questions to Ministers Adjournment/ Westminster Hall debates Early Day Motions Meetings with Ministers
As well as questions, debates, early-day motions Select Committees All-Party Parliamentary Groups 10-Minute Rule Bill/ Private Members Bills
All UK laws decided by Parliament Government and individual members can propose laws However, majority of laws passed come from Government e.g. Welfare Reform Act
Lords Bill presented / First Reading Commons Second Reading Public Bill Committee Committee of the Whole House ReportThird Reading Bill presented / First Reading Second Reading Committee (whole House) ReportThird Reading After Consideration of Lords Amendments Ping Pong Royal Assent Regulations
The House of Lords is the second chamber of Parliament, often known as the revising House. There are more than 700 Members (777 in November 2010) Most are Life Peers, but there are also: 92 Hereditary Peers 26 Bishops
All Members of the House of Lords represent you They play an important role in the passing of laws They hold Ministers to account through questions and debates They debate key issues
A politically neutral role Signs off laws passed by Parliament (Royal Assent). Opens and closes Parliament each year
You can get involved through lots of different ways including: Contacting your MP Contacting a Member of the HoL Sending a petition Working with a Select Committee
You can contact your local MP about any issue that affects you in your constituency. You can request that your MP asks a question, presents a petition or raises a debate on your behalf. You can find out who your MP is on the Parliament website
You can contact any Member about issues that you would like Parliament to look at. You can request that a Member asks a question or raises a debate on your behalf. It is useful to contact a Member who has a particular interest in your issue. You can find out what individual Members are interested in by looking on the Parliament website.
Local MP in first instance Identify & contact Parliamentarians with an interest Be clear on aims Remember party & Government positions Be positive and proactive