4One Story Ranch Style Has all living space on one story Is called simply a ranch houseCan have a basement depending on area of the country and what the owner wants.Has a low pitched roofCan be built on a crawl space, or on a full basement.
5Disadvantage of a Ranch Usually costs more to build then other designs of similar square footageCost more because of larger foundation and roof needed.Requires a larger lot then others designsThe large “foot print” can cause heating problems in certain areas of the house because of distance from furnaces. (Electric heat does not have the problem)Maintenance cost can be more because of roof size and exterior wall surface size
8One and One-Half Story This style is sometimes called a Cape Cod. It similar to a ranch with the exception that it has a steeper roof that provides space for an attic. Dormers are used in the attic.Dormers are used to provide natural light, air circulation, and extra headroom.
9Advantages The cost per unit of habitable space is low. Attic can add about a ½ of a first floors worth of living space.Attics make more living space available.It is a versatile designHeating cost are minimized due to the smaller amount of exterior walls compared to the amount of room availableCooling can be aided with the use of Louvered Ventilators at each end and plenty of insulation
10Disadvantages and Considerations Dormers, stairs, and slightly steeper roofs increase the cost of the house.Adapting the house for Disabled person increase cost.Attics can have wasted space.When designing a house of this type you must consider the following:Ultimate how many people it will holdDesigns for expansion of utilitiesKitchen, living and dining rooms should be carefully considered
11TWO STORY DESIGNS More economical to build Has smaller roof and foundation but large interior spaceMay be built on a basement, slab or crawl spaceHeating and cooling is relatively simple.Heat will naturally rise from the first floor to the secondCooling is made easy since there is no ceiling directly connected to the roof.
12Disadvantages Exterior maintenance is more expensive because of height Some find stair climbing to be difficultDoes not allow for versatility
15Split Level DesignSplit level design came about when there was to many hills or to great of a slope to a lot for a normal house to be built.Works only on extremely hilly areas.The general arrangement of split levels separate the sleeping, living, and recreational areas of a house. There is little or no need for halls in this design.
16Lowest Level (basement) This level usually contains the BasementThe basement may be used to store heating, and cooling equipment, be a storage room and even possibly a shop or washroom.An appropriate sized basement is between 40 and 60 percent of the house footprint.
17Basement LevelA basement may not be necessary/desired in that case having a crawl space is necessary for maintenance
18Intermediate LevelThis is the next level up from the basement. It is also usually ground level.This is where the garage and the recreational rooms are locatedMay include patios and terraces that enhance the recreational area.
19Kitchen/Living Level The Next level up is the living level This level contains the kitchen, living room, maybe a bathroom.It also contains a foyer, mud room, and wash room
20Sleeping LevelThis is usually the highest level. Because of its height it has the most privacy.This area usually contains all the bedrooms and the bathrooms.
21Variations of the Split-Level Design There are three types of Design Variations:Side-by-sideFront-to-backBack-to-front.
23Side-by-Side This is used when the lot slopes from one side to another This design places the living level on the opposite side of the sleeping and intermediate level.
24Front-to-backThis variation is used with lots that are higher in the front and lower in the back.This house looks like a ranch from the front and a two story from the backThe living area faces the street and the sleeping area are on the second level in the rear.
25Back-to-FrontThis variation is used when you have a lot that slopes from the back to the front.The front looks like a two story the rear looks like a ranchThe intermediate level faces the street at grade and the sleeping level is above the intermediate level.
26Advantages and Disadvantages Works well in sloped lots.DisadvantagesCost more then a ranchHeating can be a problemUsually solved with adding additional thermostats