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Eco system. All the living, non living and climatic conditions of a place are interconnected and a geographical area along with this interconnected network.

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Presentation on theme: "Eco system. All the living, non living and climatic conditions of a place are interconnected and a geographical area along with this interconnected network."— Presentation transcript:

1 Eco system

2 All the living, non living and climatic conditions of a place are interconnected and a geographical area along with this interconnected network is termed as an Ecosystem. Bajaj Coaching Center, Rohtak

3 Types of ecosystem 1. Natural ecosystem 2. Artificial ecosystem a.)Terrestrial(forest, grassland,desert) b)Aquatic- Fresh water Marine (ocean,sea) (man-engineered ecosystem,viz,crop,urban,in dustrial,laboratory,space) Lentic(standing water) (lake,pond,ditch,swamp) Lotic (running,water) (river,spring,stream) Bajaj Coaching Center, Rohtak

4 The Forest Ecosystem These are the ecosystems where abundance of flora (plants) is seen and they have a large number of organisms living in relatively small areas. Therefore, the density of life in forest ecosystems is very high. They are again divided into few types. Tropical evergreen forest: Tropical forests which receive an average rainfall of 80 to 400 inches in a year. These forests are marked by dense vegetation comprising of tall trees with different levels. Each level gives shelter to different kinds of animals. Tropical deciduous forest: Dense bushes and shrubs rule here along with broad levels of trees. This type of forests is found in many parts of the world and large variety of flora and fauna are found here. Bajaj Coaching Center, Rohtak

5 Temperate evergreen forest: These have very few number of trees but ferns and mosses make up fro them. Trees have spiked leaves to minimize transpiration. Temperate deciduous forest: This forest is found in the moist temperate regions with sufficient rainfall. Winters and summers are well defined and with trees shedding their leaves during winter. Taiga: Situated just south of the arctic regions, Taiga is distinguished by evergreen conifers. While the temperature is subzero for almost six months, the rest of the year it is buzzing with insects and migratory birds. Bajaj Coaching Center, Rohtak

6 Ecosystem components Biotic components Producer Consumers decomposers A biotic components Climate regime(temprature,light) Inorganic substances(c,n,h,o,p,s,etc) Organic substances(carbohydrates, proteins) Bajaj Coaching Center, Rohtak

7 Tropic levels in an ecosystem

8 Food chain The feeding of one organism upon another in a sequence of food transfers is known as a food chain. vegetation rabbit fox wolf tiger Aquatic food chains Phytoplankton zooplankton smallfish largerfish-----shark Bajaj Coaching Center, Rohtak

9 Food web A food web is a graphical description of feeding relationships among species in an ecological community, that is, of who eats whom (Fig. 1). It is also a means of showing how energy and materials (e.g., carbon) flow through a community of species as a result of these feeding relationships.ecological communitycarbon

10 Ecological succession Ecological succession is the gradual process by which ecosystems change and develop over time A. Succession on bare rock (xerarch) B. Succession in a pond or lake(hydrarch)

11 Succession on bare rock

12 Succession in a pond or lake Bajaj Coaching Center, Rohtak


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