Presentation on theme: "The Faerie Queene Sir Edmund Spenser. Born in 1552 in London Son of a poor family Received excellent education thanks to the patronage of Robert Nowell,"— Presentation transcript:
The Faerie Queene Sir Edmund Spenser
Born in 1552 in London Son of a poor family Received excellent education thanks to the patronage of Robert Nowell, a wealthy landowner. Studied at Pembroke College from Earned B.A. and M.A. degrees
Sir Edmund Spenser Appointed as secretary to the Bishop of Rochester; Entered the service of the Earl of Leicester, one of the most powerful figures in Queen Elizabeths court. Began a friendship with the Earls nephew Sir Philip Sidney and together with a few other friends formed an poetical society.
Sir Edmund Spenser In 1579, he published The Shepheardes Calendar, a small volume of 12 pastoral poems, which established his reputation as an important poet.
Sir Edmund Spenser In 1580, he accepted a post as secretary to Arthur Lord Grey of Wilton, who was being sent to Ireland as Lord Deputy This was a decisive move for Spenser because he remained a resident of Ireland for the rest of his life.
Spenser He held several official posts in Ireland during the course of his life there. He accompanied Sir Walter Raleigh back to London in 1589 and supervised the publication of the fist 3 books of The Faerie Queene, issued in 1590.
Spenser In 1591, several other works were published in Compalints Containing Sundry Small Poemes of the Worlds Vanitie. He returned to Ireland after nearly 2 years in London. He married Elizabeth Boyle in 1594.
Spenser During the Irish rebellion in 1598, he was forced to leave Ireland. He died in early 1599 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
The Faerie Queene In a letter to Sir Walter Raleigh, he proposed to write a poem in which he would: represent all the moral virtues, assigning to every virtue a knight in whose actions and chivalry the operations of that virtue are to be expressed and the vices and unruly appetites that oppose themselves to be beaten down.
Spenser Published first three books in Second edition (1596) added the next three. Plan for a second set of six books resulted in only 2 cantos on the virtue of Constancy.
Spenser The poem displays Spenser's thorough familiarity with literary history. Although the world of The Faerie Queene is based on English Arthurian legend, much of the language, spirit, and style of the piece draw more on Italian epic. Ludovico Ariosto's Orlando Furioso Torquato Tasso's Jerusalem Delivered
The Faerie Queene Spensers moral chivalry is sponsored and sustained by the court of GLORIANA, the Faerie Queene She reflects the figure of Queen Elizabeth, Spensers monarch
The Faerie Queene Glorianas story is illustrated by the actions of a character called Prince Arthur Only one who possesses all 12 virtues Intervenes at crucial moments to assist Glorianas knights Seeks out Gloriana bride he has chosen in a dream
The Faerie Queene Book I Relates the adventures of the knight of Holiness the Redcrosse Knight Sir George Identified by name Sign on his shield Englands patron saint
The Faerie Queene Book I His mission to overcome the things that drive spiritual error which are menacing the English church To deliver the parents of Una from the dragon of false faith
The Faerie Queene Themes of Book I Good vs. evil Truth vs. false faith Protestant vs. Catholic
The Faerie Queene Gloriana Queen of Fairy Land Represents Queen Elizabeth Arthur Saves RCK (and other knights) Christ-like figure
The Faerie Queene Redcrosse Knight Knight of Holiness Devoted to fighting against sin or evil Christian warrior Armor of Christ
The Faerie Queene Una Truth True church
The Faerie Queene RCK must have true faith in order to be a true Christian Plot of Book 1 mostly concerns attempts of evildoers to separate RCK from Una. Spencer meant for most of these villains to represent the Roman Catholic Church.
The Faerie Queene Enemies of RCK Error Archimago Wizard/sorcerer Shapeshifter/changes appearance Duplicitous Queen Duessa Falsehood/lies (False Faith) Opposite of Una (Truth) Tries to lure RCK away from Una
The Faerie Queene Enemies of RCK Orgoglio (Italian for Pride) Despair Many-headed Dragon Catholic church 3-day fight