2Everyman Morality Play Late medieval genre Encouraged by the church and civil authorities because they taught social and moral values through amusing dramatic actions.Morality characters are allegorical; plot’s action must be interpreted as teaching something about the human condition.Often dramatize man’s struggle to avoid vice and seek virtue.
3EverymanIn England:Dramatized the progress of the Christian’s life frominnocence sinsin repentancerepentance salvationDramatized the progress of the Christian’s lifefrom innocence to sin, and from sin to repentance and salvation.
4EverymanAllegoryForm of extended metaphor in which objects and persons within a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative itself.Two levels of meaningLiteralWhat the figures do in the narrativeSymbolicWhat the figures stand for, outside the narrative
5Everyman Allegory May involve personification of Abstract qualities Truth, BeautyAn eventDeathAnother sort of abstractionIn Spenser’s Faerie QueenUna = the one True ChurchHistorical personagePiers Plowman = Christ
6EverymanAllegoryCharacters, events, and setting may be historical or fictitious.Test is that characters, etc., must represent meanings independent of the action described in the surface story.
7Everyman Allegory On the surface: Everyman is about a man who sets out on a journey and the people he meets.Book I of the Faerie Queene is about a knight killing a dragon and rescuing a princess.
8EverymanAllegoryOn the allegorical level both stories concern the duties of a Christian and the way to achieve salvation.
9EverymanAllegoryFrequently (but not always) concerned with matters of great importance.Life and deathDamnation and salvationSocial or personal morality and immoralityAlso used for satiric purposes.
10Everyman Allegory is used throughout the play The names of characters Sins and bonds that tie Good Deeds to the groundConfession is a river as well as a Holy ManContrition is a garmentDeath is a literal hole in the ground
11Everyman Reflects views of the medieval church: Life is a struggle between good and evil.Salvation is the central goal of life.Things of this world are fleeting and insignificant.The Church is a necessary guide to salvation.
12Everyman Key question the playwright addresses: What must a man do to be saved?
13Everyman Characters Everyman God Death Allegorical representations of the worldly things and spiritual attributes which will affect his salvation
14EverymanThe playwright intends the central character (Everyman) to represent every human beingDeath is a universal human experience.
15Everyman Death appears unexpectedly in Everyman. Suggests that one should always be prepared at any time to die.Everyman is shocked when Death arrives.He is not prepared for his reckoning with God.
16Everyman In time of need, he is deserted by His casual companions His kinsmenHis wealthHe can take none of these things with him to the grave
17EverymanEveryman can only take with him what he has given: his Good Deeds.However, his Good Deeds are sick and weakly.His sins have rendered her too weak to standHe has neglected Good DeedsHas placed too much emphasis on things such as Fellowship and Goods.
18EverymanGoodsImmobilized because the chests and bags of gold are lying upon himSuggests that earthly possessions weigh one down in the quest for salvation.If Everyman had loved Goods less/more moderately and had given some to the poor, he would not be weighted down by them now.
19EverymanRecurring point is made that man can take nothing with him from this world that he has received, only what he has given.Once Everyman goes through the various offices of the Church, his Good Deeds can rise and speak for him.Having been redeemed, Everyman and his Good Deeds descend into the grave.
20Everyman Doctor comes to stage to reiterate the moral of the story: “For, after death, amends man no man make.”