2 Parts of Verbs Verbs have three parts: Regular verbs: Past participle Present(infinitive)WalkedwalkedwalkinvitedinvitePlayedplayedPlaycarriedCarry
3 past participle past present (infinitive) B) Irregular verbs:past participlepastpresent(infinitive)runrantoldtelldrunkdrankdrinkeatenateeatput
4 past participlepastpresent(infinitive)beenwas / wereverb to beam / is / aredonedidverb to dodo / doeshadverb to havehave / has
5 When do we use the present perfect tense??? For actions which happened in the past, but we don’t mention exactly when.Examples●Omar doesn’t live in Cairo any more . Hehas moved to Port Said.●They have painted the whole house.
6 For actions which started in the past and continued up to the present. Examples:●We have had this car since September.●They have painted the whole house.
7 We use the present perfect tense for recently completed actions. Examples:●She has just done the homework..●They have already eaten out.
8 I have just finished my homework. I finished my homework an hour ago.He went to the club yesterday.Mother made a cake last Friday.I have just finished my homework.He has already been to the club.Mother hasn’t made a cake yet.
9 How do we form the present perfect tense?? 1- THE POSITIVE SENTENCE:Subject + have / has + past participleExamples:Noha has seen her uncle for a month.I have lived in New York for ten years.Look ! Everywhere is white. It has snowed.
10 Subject + have / has + not + past participle 2- THE NEGATIVE SENTENCE:Subject + have / has + not + past participleExamples:I haven’t eaten my dinner yet.He hasn’t finished his work .Yasser hasn’t slept early.we have never been to China.
11 Have / has + subject + past participle 3- THE QUESTION:Have / has + subject + past participleExamples:Have you ever seen this movie?Has the dog gone for a walk?Have they practiced for the match?
13 already – just – so far - yet (since and for ) + a period of time Examples:●I have just cleaned the house.●He has already been to Mecca.●They have built two new houses so far.●Heba has studied English since 2004.●You haven’t written the letter yet.
15 was is been She has written five letters. Do as shown in brackets: 1- she wrote five letters yesterday.(use has)She has written five letters.2- I (be) in the party lat night.She (be) studying for the exam.They have (be) to Loxour.wasisbeen
16 3- She is writing her homework now. (already) She has already written her homework.4- Omar has just eaten his dinner (negative)Omar hasn’t eaten his dinner yet.5- No, I haven’t called my mother (question)Have you called your mother?
17 ever for recently already yet 6- Fill in the blanks using one of the keywords: A- Have you been to Aswan? B- They haven’t seen each other ten years. C- Marwa has worked here . D- She has done her work and she is going home now. E- He hasn’t gone out You can talk to him.everforrecentlyalreadyyet