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THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF FIRE SERVICE INSTRUCTORS Electronic INSTRUCT-O-GRAM Program 2005-7 Forcible Entry.

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Presentation on theme: "THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF FIRE SERVICE INSTRUCTORS Electronic INSTRUCT-O-GRAM Program 2005-7 Forcible Entry."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF FIRE SERVICE INSTRUCTORS Electronic INSTRUCT-O-GRAM Program Forcible Entry

2 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Introduction TASK Before you can extinguish the fire, search for a victim, or rescue those who are trapped you must be able to get into a structure. With crime on the increase in all areas of the country, firefighters are finding that the days of kicking in the door are gone. With steel doors replacing wooden ones and multiple locking mechanisms, Firefighters are finding it tougher to gain access. With a working knowledge of forcible entry techniques, access to structures can be gained safely, quickly, and usually with minimal effort and damage TASK Before you can extinguish the fire, search for a victim, or rescue those who are trapped you must be able to get into a structure. With crime on the increase in all areas of the country, firefighters are finding that the days of kicking in the door are gone. With steel doors replacing wooden ones and multiple locking mechanisms, Firefighters are finding it tougher to gain access. With a working knowledge of forcible entry techniques, access to structures can be gained safely, quickly, and usually with minimal effort and damage

3 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Objectives 1.The student will be able to perform and adequate size-up of a building for forcible entry. 2.The student will be able to identify the various types of doors, windows, and locking mechanisms utilized with forcible entry. 3.The student will be able to describe the rules of forcible entry. 4.The student will be able to demonstrate safely gaining entry into a structure. 1.The student will be able to perform and adequate size-up of a building for forcible entry. 2.The student will be able to identify the various types of doors, windows, and locking mechanisms utilized with forcible entry. 3.The student will be able to describe the rules of forcible entry. 4.The student will be able to demonstrate safely gaining entry into a structure.

4 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry - Defined Technique used by firefighters to gain access to a structure whose normal means of access is locked, blocked, or non-existent Forcing doors or windows for entry into the building Forcing interior doors Can include forcing security gates to access the property Technique used by firefighters to gain access to a structure whose normal means of access is locked, blocked, or non-existent Forcing doors or windows for entry into the building Forcing interior doors Can include forcing security gates to access the property

5 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Deciding Factors for Forcible Entry Damage vs. Urgency The degree of damage caused should be consistent with the danger to life and damage to the property by the fire Public relations can become a problem when you destroy a $1000 dollar door for a faulty smoke detector Damage vs. Urgency The degree of damage caused should be consistent with the danger to life and damage to the property by the fire Public relations can become a problem when you destroy a $1000 dollar door for a faulty smoke detector

6 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Deciding Factors for Forcible Entry How fast do we need to get in? Forced entry should be preformed with speed and minimal damage Need for speed of entry should be the overriding concern when: –You need to gain entry to save a life –Cut off fire spread How fast do we need to get in? Forced entry should be preformed with speed and minimal damage Need for speed of entry should be the overriding concern when: –You need to gain entry to save a life –Cut off fire spread

7 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Four classifications of doors Swinging (inward or outward) –Residential access doors usually swing inward –Commercial access doors usually swing outward, by code –This is not always true, size-up the door Four classifications of doors Swinging (inward or outward) –Residential access doors usually swing inward –Commercial access doors usually swing outward, by code –This is not always true, size-up the door

8 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Four classifications of doors Sliding doors –Slide to the left or right on metal tracks –Commonly found as patio doors –Heavy tempered glass panels –May be barred by burglar block Metal or wood bars that prevent the door from sliding Four classifications of doors Sliding doors –Slide to the left or right on metal tracks –Commonly found as patio doors –Heavy tempered glass panels –May be barred by burglar block Metal or wood bars that prevent the door from sliding

9 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Four classifications of doors Overhead doors –Sectional –Pivoting –Roll-up Four classifications of doors Overhead doors –Sectional –Pivoting –Roll-up

10 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Four classifications of doors Revolving doors –Panic proof –Drop arm –Metal-braced Four classifications of doors Revolving doors –Panic proof –Drop arm –Metal-braced

11 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Types of locks Mortise lock –Latches and deadbolt all in one unit Types of locks Mortise lock –Latches and deadbolt all in one unit

12 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Types of locks Bored (Cylindrical) lock –Key-in-the knob lock Types of locks Bored (Cylindrical) lock –Key-in-the knob lock

13 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Types of locks Rim locks –The most pry resistant type of lock Types of locks Rim locks –The most pry resistant type of lock

14 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Types of locks Padlocks –Many types –Can be found anywhere Types of locks Padlocks –Many types –Can be found anywhere

15 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Types of Door, Lock and Window Assemblies Types of windows Double – Hung (checkrail) Hinged (casement) Projected (factory) Awing and Jalousie Types of windows Double – Hung (checkrail) Hinged (casement) Projected (factory) Awing and Jalousie

16 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Types of tools Cutting tools –Hand tools –Axes – cutting through wood, shingles and other lightweight materials –Handsaws – effective in tight spaces and for precision cuts –Bolt cutters – effective for small metal bars, padlocks, and cables Types of tools Cutting tools –Hand tools –Axes – cutting through wood, shingles and other lightweight materials –Handsaws – effective in tight spaces and for precision cuts –Bolt cutters – effective for small metal bars, padlocks, and cables

17 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Types of tools Cutting tools –Gas/electric/battery powered –Allow for rapid cutting of a variety of materials Chain saws Circular saws Reciprocating saws Cutting torches Types of tools Cutting tools –Gas/electric/battery powered –Allow for rapid cutting of a variety of materials Chain saws Circular saws Reciprocating saws Cutting torches

18 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Types of tools Prying tools –Manual prying tools –Have many names and many varieties –Utilizes mechanical advantage to force objects to move Halligan bars Pry bars Crowbar Types of tools Prying tools –Manual prying tools –Have many names and many varieties –Utilizes mechanical advantage to force objects to move Halligan bars Pry bars Crowbar

19 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Types of tools Prying tools –Hydraulic prying tools –Function similar to hand tools with much more power Rescue spreaders Rabbit/porta-power Types of tools Prying tools –Hydraulic prying tools –Function similar to hand tools with much more power Rescue spreaders Rabbit/porta-power

20 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Types of tools Pushing/Pulling tools –Not very many uses –Extends reach of firefighter Pike poles Plaster hooks Drywall rake Types of tools Pushing/Pulling tools –Not very many uses –Extends reach of firefighter Pike poles Plaster hooks Drywall rake

21 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Types of tools Striking tools –Usually used with other tools –Striking other tools to force them into place Sledge hammer Battering ram Flat-head axe Types of tools Striking tools –Usually used with other tools –Striking other tools to force them into place Sledge hammer Battering ram Flat-head axe

22 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Types of tools Special tools –Usually used with other tools –Cause less damage K-tool, A-tool, J-tool Shove knives Lock breakers Types of tools Special tools –Usually used with other tools –Cause less damage K-tool, A-tool, J-tool Shove knives Lock breakers

23 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Using forcible entry tools No one tool is effective for cutting all materials Understanding the proper uses of the tools will: –Aid in appropriate selection of the tools needed –Make the work safer, quicker and easier Using forcible entry tools No one tool is effective for cutting all materials Understanding the proper uses of the tools will: –Aid in appropriate selection of the tools needed –Make the work safer, quicker and easier

24 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Tools Using forcible entry tools Type of structure determines types of tools –Residential may use Irons pack (flat-head axe and halligan) Pike poles –Commercial may use Irons pack (sledge hammer and halligan) Portable hydraulic tools Bolt cutters Using forcible entry tools Type of structure determines types of tools –Residential may use Irons pack (flat-head axe and halligan) Pike poles –Commercial may use Irons pack (sledge hammer and halligan) Portable hydraulic tools Bolt cutters

25 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Techniques Non-destructive rapid entry Conventional methods Through doors and windows –Breaking glass –Forcing doors Swing/double swing doors Tempered glass doors Roll-up doors Non-destructive rapid entry Conventional methods Through doors and windows –Breaking glass –Forcing doors Swing/double swing doors Tempered glass doors Roll-up doors

26 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Techniques Through the lock method Through padlocks Unconventional methods Barred/screened windows and doors Breaching walls and floors Through the lock method Through padlocks Unconventional methods Barred/screened windows and doors Breaching walls and floors

27 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up The fire building What is the occupancy –Helps to determine life hazards and fire load –Amount of forcible entry needed –Type of tools and techniques that may be needed The fire building What is the occupancy –Helps to determine life hazards and fire load –Amount of forcible entry needed –Type of tools and techniques that may be needed

28 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up The fire building Where are the occupants –Are they threatened by the fire –Is forced entry required for rescue The fire building Where are the occupants –Are they threatened by the fire –Is forced entry required for rescue

29 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up The fire building Where is the fire –Where is it at –What is it doing –Where is it going The fire building Where is the fire –Where is it at –What is it doing –Where is it going

30 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up The fire building What is happening to the building –What is the construction type –What are the smoke and fire conditions –Are there signs of potential collapse The fire building What is happening to the building –What is the construction type –What are the smoke and fire conditions –Are there signs of potential collapse

31 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up The fire building How do we get in –Use the doors that occupants would normally use –Chances are they are less secured than other doors The fire building How do we get in –Use the doors that occupants would normally use –Chances are they are less secured than other doors

32 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up The fire building How do we get out –If things get bad and we need to exit quickly –Will forced entry be needed for FF escape routes The fire building How do we get out –If things get bad and we need to exit quickly –Will forced entry be needed for FF escape routes

33 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up Size-up the escape routes (victims and firefighter) Are they blocked and need forced –Metal bars or gates on windows and doors –Chained panic hardware –High security locks Size-up the escape routes (victims and firefighter) Are they blocked and need forced –Metal bars or gates on windows and doors –Chained panic hardware –High security locks

34 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up Size-up the doors and windows to be forced Is the fire near door/window Type of door/window to be forced –Wood, metal, or glass –Front door or back door, commercial or residential Rear doors most often secured Size-up the doors and windows to be forced Is the fire near door/window Type of door/window to be forced –Wood, metal, or glass –Front door or back door, commercial or residential Rear doors most often secured

35 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up Size-up the doors and windows to be forced What is the doorjamb set in –Brick, wood, or other material –Breeching may be easier than forcing some doors Size-up the doors and windows to be forced What is the doorjamb set in –Brick, wood, or other material –Breeching may be easier than forcing some doors

36 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up Size-up the locking mechanisms How many and what type –Seeing several locks in a row may tell you to find an easier way in Location of the locks –Most normal devices are located 1-3 inches from the edge of the door –Locks in the center of the door may indicate an un-convential locking mechanism Size-up the locking mechanisms How many and what type –Seeing several locks in a row may tell you to find an easier way in Location of the locks –Most normal devices are located 1-3 inches from the edge of the door –Locks in the center of the door may indicate an un-convential locking mechanism

37 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Size-Up Size-up the locking mechanisms Bolts or mounting hardware indicating special locks –Drop bars, fox locks, multi-lock doors –The area the building is located in may give some indication of the amount of security being used Size-up the locking mechanisms Bolts or mounting hardware indicating special locks –Drop bars, fox locks, multi-lock doors –The area the building is located in may give some indication of the amount of security being used

38 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Rules of Forcible Entry Try before you pry Wastes time in gaining entry Causes unneeded damage Dont ignore the obvious Windows in or next to the door Locations with a Knox-Box system Owners with the keys on-scene –Also check with the neighbor Try before you pry Wastes time in gaining entry Causes unneeded damage Dont ignore the obvious Windows in or next to the door Locations with a Knox-Box system Owners with the keys on-scene –Also check with the neighbor

39 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Rules of Forcible Entry Use doors that occupants would normally use People trying to escape may be there –34% of fire victims are found in sleeping areas –31% of fire victims are found in escape paths Doors not normally used can be blocked –By furniture or by storage of machines –Extra security devices may be used Use doors that occupants would normally use People trying to escape may be there –34% of fire victims are found in sleeping areas –31% of fire victims are found in escape paths Doors not normally used can be blocked –By furniture or by storage of machines –Extra security devices may be used

40 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Rules of Forcible Entry Maintain door integrity Helps control spread of fire and smoke –Until attack crew is ready to advance the line –Slows smoke spread to other areas –To control stairwells for evacuation Maintain door integrity Helps control spread of fire and smoke –Until attack crew is ready to advance the line –Slows smoke spread to other areas –To control stairwells for evacuation

41 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Forcible Entry Techniques Helps control oxygen supply to fire –Fresh air can increase size of fire –Potential for backdraft Provide an escape route if fire gains control –Closing the door can allow for confinement of the fire To re-group and re-attack To evacuate a structure Helps control oxygen supply to fire –Fresh air can increase size of fire –Potential for backdraft Provide an escape route if fire gains control –Closing the door can allow for confinement of the fire To re-group and re-attack To evacuate a structure

42 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Entry Into the Structure SAFETY, SAFETY, SAFETY There can be a lot of fire behind a door with very little visible evidence outside –Forcible entry should be coordinated with the attack SAFETY, SAFETY, SAFETY There can be a lot of fire behind a door with very little visible evidence outside –Forcible entry should be coordinated with the attack

43 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Entry Into the Structure Dress in full turn-outs and SCBA Approach the door from the side –Avoid standing in front of the door –Avoid standing in front of the windows by the door Get everybody out of the way –Make sure nobody else is in front of the door Dress in full turn-outs and SCBA Approach the door from the side –Avoid standing in front of the door –Avoid standing in front of the windows by the door Get everybody out of the way –Make sure nobody else is in front of the door

44 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ Entry Into the Structure Crouch or kneel to the side of the door Check for heat level at doorknob and top of door Grab the doorknob and try the lock –Try before you pry Give the door a shake if locked –Determining where the resistance is can identify where the locks may be –Determine the tool placement Force entry Crouch or kneel to the side of the door Check for heat level at doorknob and top of door Grab the doorknob and try the lock –Try before you pry Give the door a shake if locked –Determining where the resistance is can identify where the locks may be –Determine the tool placement Force entry

45 ~ International Society of Fire Service Instructors ~ References Essentials of Firefighting 4 th Edition, International Fire Service Training Association Firefighting Principles and Practices 2 nd Edition, William Clark, Fire Engineering Books and Videos, 1991 Forcible Entry Procedures: The Rules Mike Lombardo, Captain Buffalo Fire Department, Firenuggets.com, March 2000 Essentials of Firefighting 4 th Edition, International Fire Service Training Association Firefighting Principles and Practices 2 nd Edition, William Clark, Fire Engineering Books and Videos, 1991 Forcible Entry Procedures: The Rules Mike Lombardo, Captain Buffalo Fire Department, Firenuggets.com, March 2000


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