2LEQ:How did British rule cause India to make political, economic and social changes?
3Early British Involvement in India By the late 1700s, the British needed to expand into Asia and Africa so that they could continue to stay economically competitive.FACTORSTechnological advancesWeak empires in Asia and North Africa
5Weak Empires Mughal Empire declined in 1707 The Ottoman Empire fracturedThe Qing dynasty is suffering internal rebellions
6The Many Faces of Imperialism Colony – a territory governed by a foreign powerProtectorate – a territory that has its own government but is controlled by a foreign powerSphere of Influence – a territory in which a country claims exclusive political or economic rights
7British East India Company Created to control trade between Britain, East Asia and IndiaRuled much of India by 1800Created chaos among the Mughals and their state leaders then swept in with its own armies
8Changes in India New educational systems English language British laws were introducedBanned sati
11The Sepoy Mutiny Sepoy – Indian soldier who fights in the British army Muslim sepoys did not eat porkHindu sepoys did not eat beef
12The Enfield Rifle Cartridge had to be bitten off on one end. The end was thought to be greased with pork or beef fat.Sepoys refusedto use theseCartridges.
13The FactsSepoys killed their British officers and British women and children.British captured sepoys and strapped them to cannons and then shot them.Villages were burned.The rebellion lasted two years.
14The Raj A Hindi word meaning “rule” Indian Civil Service – this group ruled India yet most officials were BritishBritish lived in segregated neighborhoods
16Social Darwinism Darwinism applied to human society A Sociological theory stating that individuals or groups achieve advantage over others as the result of genetic or biological superiority.Many British commonly believed that they were destined to rule or lead over other people.
17Darwin = natural selection Herbert Spencer = Social DarwinismEXAMPLE: The peppered moth
18SwadeshiA movement which called for the boycott of British goods by the Indians.EXAMPLE: Only wear Indian made garments
19Reasons for Swadeshi British wanted to partition Bengal British felt that two provinces would be easier to governIndians felt that this was an attempt to break apart Bengal’s Hindu population.
20Muslim League Sought to protect Indian Muslims Main organization in the struggle for Indian independenceMuslims feared that Hindus opposed the partition because they wanted to preserve their own Hindu power.
21Struggle for Independence The Indian National Congress and The Muslim League were the main organizations in the struggle for Indian Independence.
22Category Effects Politics Economics Society Create a chart like this in your notes and use it to summarize the effects of British rule on India. Place a star next to the effect that you think was the most significant.CategoryEffectsPoliticsEconomicsSociety