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Section II: Time Efficient Procedures and Classroom Organization.

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Presentation on theme: "Section II: Time Efficient Procedures and Classroom Organization."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section II: Time Efficient Procedures and Classroom Organization

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3 Time Space Materials (Interactions)

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5 What is the difference between effective and ineffective teachers? Proactive - Effective teachers MANAGE their classroom. Reactive - Ineffective teachers DISCIPLINE their classrooms. Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

6 A Well Managed Classroom has Four Observable Characteristics Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc. 1 – 2 – 3 – 4

7 Characteristic #1 High level of student involvement with work. Effective: Students are working Ineffective: Teacher is the only one working Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

8 Characteristic #2 Clear student expectations Effective: Students know assignments based on objective and know tests based on objectives Ineffective: Teacher says, Read chapter 3 and know all the material or youll fail the test and get an F in this class. Goal:______ Why:________ Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

9 Characteristic #3 Relatively little wasted time, confusion, or disruption Effective : Teacher teaches behavioral expectations, starts class immediately, has assignments posted. Ineffective : Teacher makes up rules and punishes according to his or her mood, takes roll and dallies, students asks for assignments repeatedly. Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

10 Characteristic #4 Work-oriented but relaxed and pleasant climate. Effective : Teacher has invested time in practicing procedures until they become routines, knows how to bring class to attention, knows how to praise and encourage. Ineffective : Teacher tells but does not rehearse procedures. Teacher yells and flicks light switch and uses generalized praise or none at all. Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

11 How does one achieve these four characteristics? Through 4 structures: Interactions Interactions Space Space Time Time Materials Materials

12 Getting the Classroom Ready

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14 Space, Materials, Time, Interactions Prepare: Floor Space Work Area Student Area Wall Space Bookcases Teacher Area

15 Taking Roll So Instruction Time Is Not Lost

16 Space, Materials, Time, Interactions Seating Assignments: Purposes? Roll taking Roll taking Name memorization Name memorization Separation Separation Peer Support Peer Support

17 Space, Materials, Time, Interactions Taking Roll Without Lost Learning Time Fast Easy Roll Taking Methods Seating chart Seating chart Folders or materials taken Folders or materials taken Clothespin Clothespin Student leader Student leader

18 Seating Chart Method FrankJanetSteveJosiLauraJuan MandellBenAshleyDerekKobeLindsay DianaMaryHectorMin KiClaraMark DimitriLongJackieDannyDavidMaria KathySteveMariahAnthonyLuisCynthia

19 Folder or Material Method

20 Clothespin Method

21 Student Leader Method Check for group members present.

22 Time, Space, Materials, Interactions Organizing Materials Teacher materials Student materials Notebooks, desk, paper, pencils Assignment submission

23 Manage classroom with procedures Lack of procedures and routines = reduced productivity and learning and an increase in behavior problems Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

24 Initial Evidence of Culture of Productivity Students enter room quickly and courteously. Students go to seats and take out materials. Students look for their assignment. Students begin work immediately. Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

25 What is the difference between discipline and procedures? Discipline = How students behave Procedures = How things are done Discipline: Has penalties and rewards Procedures: Have no penalties and rewards You can not punish or reward all behaviors you want to address. We are their frontal lobes! We teach forethought and planning

26 6 Steps to Teach Classroom Procedures: 1. 1.Explain 2. 2.Rehearse 3. 3.Reinforce 4. 4.Repeat 5. 5.Repeat 6. 6.And repeat See handouts teaching a new behavior

27 Teach Time Management

28 Space, Materials, Time, Interactions Get immediate time on task Assignment location taught Assignment rationale posted

29 Space, Materials, Time, Interactions Space, Materials, Time, Interactions Consistent Daily Posting Before students enter Same location daily Teach location

30 Assignment Calendar Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

31 Single Period Schedule/Agenda Todays work: 9/30/05 Begin assignment on your desk Presentation on civil war battles Discussion group work Activity to choose your report topic

32 Daily Schedule/Agenda Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

33 Picture Schedule Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

34 Teach Time Management Eliminate time waste

35 Procedures in Movement to Rehearse with Students 1. 1.Entering the classroom 2. 2.End of period class dismissal 3. 3.Changing groups 4. 4.Going to the office 5. 5.Getting materials without disturbing others 6. 6.Handing out playground materials 7. 7.Moving about room 8. 8.Going to library or career center 9. 9.Walking in hallways as a group Walking in hallways individually Responding to fire drill, earthquake or weather alert

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37 #9. Demo: A Beach Ball Technique to Teach Line Movement to Elementary Students Using Backward Training

38 Teach Assignment Management Eliminate time waste

39 Procedures in Managing Assignments to Rehearse with Students 1. 1.Getting to work immediately 2. 2.Attending 3. 3.Knowing schedule 4. 4.Finding directions for assignment 5. 5.Passing in papers 6. 6.Correcting work 7. 7.Returning student work

40 6. Correcting work Phase One: Do the work in pencil or black or blue pen Phase Two: Green pen – correcting for right/wrong Phase Three: Purple or red pen – what I meant to say

41 Procedures in Managing Assignments to Rehearse with Students (cont.) 8. 8.Headings on papers 9. 9.Finishing early – now what? Interruptions during tasks School wide announcements Visitor in the classroom Teacher out of the classroom Tardiness Absences Keeping a progress report

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43 Teach Requests Eliminate time waste

44 Procedures for Requests and Participation to Rehearse with Students 1. 1.Listening to and responding to questions 2. 2.Participating in class discussions 3. 3.Indicate understanding 4. 4.Working cooperatively 5. 5.Needing help or conferencing request 6. 6.Asking a question 7. 7.If you are suddenly ill 8. 8.Saying thank you

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46 5. Needing help or conferencing request Hand signal: Student signals with different number fingers Toilet tissue tube: Student signals with colored tube Styrofoam cup: Student signals with position of cup. Index Card: Student signals with message on index card. Textbook: Student signals with upright textbook. Wong, H. K., Wong, R. T. (2001). How to Be an Effective Teacher: The First Days of School. Mountain View, CA: Harry K. Wong, Publications, Inc.

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49 Teach Material Management Eliminate time waste

50 Procedures for Materials to Rehearse with Students 1. 1.Organizing and keeping notebook 2. 2.Organizing and keeping desk clear 3. 3.When you need pencil or paper 4. 4.Sharpening pencils 5. 5.Checking out classroom materials 6. 6.When you dont have materials

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52 Organizing and Keeping a Notebook

53 Next Steps – Section II Go back and check your procedures. See your handouts for My Procedures checklist.

54 Next Steps?


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