2Publication Requirement MPhil DegreePhD DegreeFull time researcher
3Kinds of Scientific Publications PhD/MPhil ThesisAspects to be Assessed for a Thesis:background knowledgeoriginal contributions (amount of work)methodologypresentation (writing)Conference PublicationsFocus on a piece of work with limited discussionJournal PublicationsMore complete (extensive) discussionMonographs / Book chapters / Text books
4Where to publish your work JournalsRanking of journalsReview process of journalsPublication cycleConferencesRanking of conferencesReview process of conferencesN.B. a good journal / conference tends to have rigorous review process and long review timeRead good papersSubmit your papers to good placesCompetition of some conferences are much more fierce than journals.
6Important journals & conferences DatabaseIEEE Trans on Knowledge and Data EngineeringACM Trans on Database SystemsInt’l Conf on VLDBSoftware EngineeringIEEE Trans on Software EngineeringACM Trans on Software Eng. and MethodologyIEEE Int’l Conf on Software EngineeringDistributed SystemsIEEE Trans on Parallel and Distributed SystemsACM Trans on Computer SystemsIEEE Int’l Conf on Distributed Computing SystemsComputer NetworksIEEE/ACM Trans on NetworkingIEEE INFOCOMACM Mobicom, etc.…….The first thing to start your research is to know what are the major journals and conferences in that field.Search all the papers in that field (there’s NO need to duplicate the same idea again).
7Plan your writing Ask two questions before starting: What is new in your work?What are you going to write?Emphasize on the originality and significance of your work.Organize your thinking and decide the structure (outlines) of your paper.Stick on your central points throughout the whole paper and remove all unnecessary discussions.Q1. is there any need to write this paper (do you have any story to write)Q2. what should be included in the paper.
8Reader-oriented Writing Purpose of your writing: disseminating your research results.Don’t write if there is nothing to writeDon’t make a simple problem complicated to fool peopleDon’t hide technical detailsReader-oriented writing: Write in a way that would lead readers to follow your thinking, NOT in the way of your thinking.Well-organize your thinkingGive enough and clear explanation (never leave reader to guess)Try to present your idea in an accurate way (no ambiguous)Always think how readers would interpret your writing (assume you’re a reader)Use simple/ plain EnglishPurpose of technical writing: express your idea correctly & clearly.Use simple English: writing is a skill which is independent from language. Good programming skill is independent from programming language.Writing is a process of thinking & organization.If you can write it clear in Chinese, you can simply translate it into English word by word!
9A Typical Review Form of a Journal From Fri Mar 9 01:42 HKT 2001Section I. OverviewA. Reader Interest1. Which category describes this manuscript?___Practice/Application/Case Study/Experience Report_X_Research/Technology___Survey/Tutorial/How-To2. How relevant is this manuscript to the readers of this periodical?Please explain your rating.___Very Relevant_X_Relevant___Interesting - but not very relevant___IrrelevantB. Content1. Please explain how this manuscript advances this field of researchand/or contributes something new to the literature.………….2. Is the manuscript technically sound? Please explain your answer.___Yes___Appears to be - but didn't check completely_X_Partially___No
10A Typical Review Form of a Journal (cont’d) C. Presentation1. Are the title, abstract, and keywords appropriate? Please comment._X_Yes___No2. Does the manuscript contain sufficient and appropriate references?Please comment.___References are sufficient and appropriate_X_Important references are missing; more references are needed___Number of references are excessive…………..3. Does the introduction state the objectives of the manuscript interms that encourage the reader to read on? Please explain your answer.___Could be improved4. How would you rate the organization of the manuscript? Is itfocused? Is the length appropriate for the topic? Please comment._X_Satisfactory___Poor5. Please rate and comment on the readability of this manuscript.___Easy to read_X_Readable - but requires some effort to understand___Difficult to read and understand___Unreadable
11A Typical Review Form of a Journal (cont’d) Section II. Summary and RecommendationA. EvaluationPlease rate the manuscript. Explain your choice.___Award Quality___Excellent___Good_X_Fair___PoorB. RecommendationPlease make your recommendation and explain your decision.___Accept with no changes as a short paper___Accept with no changes as a regular paper___Accept if certain minor revisions are made_X_Author should prepare a major revision for a second review___Revise as a short paper_X_Revise as a regular paper___RejectSection III. Detailed CommentsPublic Comments (these will be made available to authors)Comments to editors (these will not be available to authors)
12Structure of a Paper Title Abstract Key words Introduction Related WorkSystem Model & Problem StatementMethods / SolutionsSimulations / ExperimentsConclusionAcknowledgementReferencesAverage number of pages of a journal paperAverage number of pages of a conference paper
13Choose a Right Title The title should be very specific, not too broad. The title should be substantially different from others.“Topology control for multihop wireless networks”, IEEE Trans. on Comm, 93.“Topology control of multihop wireless networks using transmit power adjustment”, infocom’00.“Distributed topology control for power efficient operation in multihop wireless networks”, infocom’01.Avoid general / big titles, e.g.,“Research on data mining”,“Some research on job assignment in cluster computing”,“A new framework for distributed computing”,……
14Write a concise Abstract The use of an abstract:for search purpose.giving readers a paper-summary before getting into details.An abstract should tell:the problem that the paper discusses.the work that has been done, or method being used.original findings / achievements.An abstract usually does NOT have:reference numbersmultiple paragraphs
15Choose a right set of keywords The use of keywords:database search,categorizing your work (for editors to choose reviewers).The keywords must be specific and, as a whole, represent the main topic of the paper.Avoid using the words that are not the main topic, such as “calculus”, “simulations”, etc.
17Organization of your Paper Top-down writing methodPlanning sections and subsectionsSketching: use a sentence to represent the points (paragraphs) in each subsectionsWriting details: expend a sentence in the sketch into a paragraphAdjustment: break / merge paragraphs, add / merge sectionsN.B. keep a logical flow from section to section, paragraph to paragraph, and sentence to sentence.
18Introduction: the most difficult part Purpose of introduction:Introducing readers to your problem / work.An introduction usually contains:Brief background of the topic-areaExisting work, which would lead to the importance / originality of your workDescription of your problemAchievement / significance / brief-methodology of work
19Related work and Reference list Proper selection of references:Show your knowledge in the related area,Give credit to other researchers (reviewers are usually chosen from the references),Cite good quality work (particularly when citing your own work) and up to date work.Related work should:Be organized to serve your topic,Emphasize on the significance / originality of your work (Introducing your work out).Format of references:Consistent with the format, ordering, etc.Standard format of books / journal papers / conference papers, e.g,X. Jia, X.D. Hu and D.Z. Du, Multiwavelength Optical Networks, Kluwer Academic, 2002.J. Li, Yi Pan, and X. Jia, “Analysis of Dynamic Location Management for PCS Networks”, IEEE Trans on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 51, No. 5, Sep 2002, ppX. Jia, D. Li, X.Hu and D. Du, "Placement of Read-Write Web Proxies in the Internet", Proc of IEEE Int’l. Conf. on Distributed Computing Systems, Phoenix, USA, Apr 2001, ppDo NOT use non-standard abbrev.
21Writing Tips: carry you to a long way Reader-oriented writing (good organization, logical flow, etc).Standard and consistent formatting (professional and neat looking).Learning from other people’s writing.