How to express what you are going to do. Ir + a + Infinitive
Up to this point you have learned how to express actions that take place, are taking place or do take place PRESENTLY. Example: Ella lleva una falda nueva.. – She is wearing a new skirt. Nosotros necesitamos una mochila. – We need a backpack. ¿Hablas español ? – Do you speak Spanish?
Now we are going to learn how to express actions that are going to happen in the future. Example: She is going to wear a new skirt. We are going to need a backpack. Are you going to speak Spanish? In English the slang word gonna is used. Notice the underlined infinitive after each going phrase. Thus: Ir + a + infinitive.
Observe the structure. Ir Voy Vamos I am going We are going Vas Vais You are going You (plural) are going Va Van He, she is going They are going You polite are going You (plural) are going + a + Infinitive hablar - to speak estudiar - to study llevar – to wear necesitar – to need ir – to go estar – to be loc./feeling ser – to be tomar – to take etc. * The a has no translation.
Now combine 3 components of the formula. Voy a estudiar I am going to study Van a preguntar They are going to ask Vais a ser You pl. are going to be
Vamos a ir We are going to go Ella va a tomar She is going to take Uds. van a caminar You pl.are going to walk
Ok clase. Vamos. Now you try…. We are going to walk Vamosacaminar He is goingto be(located) Vaaestar I am goingto go Voyair
Are you goingto need Vasa necesitar They are goingto wear Vana llevar He is goingto speak Vaahablar
And thats it! Perfecto. Mañana voy a llevar los jeans a la clase de español. ¡Hasta mañana clase!