2Modal verbs are paired up with infinitives to express something else Tener + que + Infinitive (used when you have to do something)Tener + ganas de + Infinitive (used when you feel like doing something)Hay que + Infinitive (to express that something has to be done)Ir + a + Infinitive (to say that you are going to do something)
3Tener + que + Infinitive To express when a person has to do something (an obligation) say tener que…and follow it with a verb in the infinitive. Conjugate only tener.Tengo que escribir I have to write.Pedro tiene que comer. Pedro has to eat.Nadia y yo tenemos que limpiar.Nadia and I have to clean.
4Ejercicios Tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tienen. 1) He has to clean his room._____________________________2) You (formal) have to study._____________________________3) We have to exercise.__________________________4) They have to cook._____________________________
5Tener + ganas de + Infinitive To say that a person feels like doing something say tener ganas de… and follow it with a verb in the infinitive. Only conjugate the verb tener.Tengo ganas de estudiar. - I feel like studying.Ella tiene ganas de bailar.-She feels like dancing.Nosotros tenemos ganas de comer.We feel like eating.
6Ejercicios 1) I feel like singing.___________________________ 2) You (inf.) feel like sleeping.__________________________3) She feels like writing.____________________________4. Yolanda and Oscar feel like dancing.___________________________
7Hay + que + InfinitiveHay que + Infinitive is used to express the idea that someone has to do something or that it is necessary that someone has to do something. There is not a subject in this expression.Ejemplo:Hay que limpiar la casa.One must clean the house.The house must be cleaned.It is necessary to clean the house.
8Ejercicios 1) It is necessary to study._____________________________ 2) One must study.____________________3) It is necessary to eat._______________________________4) One must sleep.____________________
9Ir + a + InfinitiveTo express that someone is going to do something use the conjugation of Ir and add “a” and a verb in the infinitive.Trinidad va a cocinar. (Trinidad is going to cook.)Yo voy a caminar. ( I’m going to walk.)Karina y yo vamos a viajar a Perú.(Karina and I are going to travel to Perú.)Eliza y tú van a dormir. (Eliza and you are going to sleep.)
10Ejercicios Voy, vas, va, vamos, van. 1) I am going to swim.__________________2) Patricia is going to run._______________________________3) Ernesto is going to read.______________________________4) You (inf.) and I are going to go to the school.____________________________
11Two verbs in a rowWhenever you have two verbs in a row only conjugate the first one and leave the second one in the infinitive form.Norma needs to swim.Norma necesita nadar.We should travel.Nosotros debemos viajar.
12I want to eat lunch.Quiero almorzar.She needs to study for her test.Ella necesita estudiar para el examen.We want to write a poem.Queremos escribir un poema.
13Ejercicios 1) I can dance._______________________ 2) She wants to eat.___________________3) We should study tonight.____________________________4) You (inf.) need to clean._____________________________5) I want to speak in Spanish.___________________________