4Qualities of Strong Families Families are the foundation for every human culture.Families nurture and protect, and give security, emotional support, and a sense of belonging.Adults teach children values by example, direct communication, and religious training.
5Qualities of Strong Families Children with strong values experience more success in their lives.Family conflicts can be resolved with calm, active listening and positive body language.How do you think values can affect a person’s success in life?5
6Family StructureThere are many types of families, each with unique characteristics.Biological children are born into a family.Adopted children become family members through a legal process.
7Trends Affecting Families All families are affected by societal trends.More people find themselves caring for aging parents and their children at the same time.Advances in technology make life both easier and more complicated.7
8Section 3.2 Parenting Skills Parents use a variety of parenting styles to raise children and deal with the responsibilities of being a parent.
10Children’s NeedsEffective parenting sometimes means learning from mistakes.Children whose needs are not met suffer from deprivation.deprivationA lack of the critical needs and encouraging environment that are essential for physical, emotional, and intellectual well-being.
11Children’s NeedsEffective parents provide for their children’s physical needs, emotional and social needs, and intellectual needs.
12Parenting StylesThere are three main parenting styles: authoritarian, assertive-democratic, and permissive.No one parenting style works best with all children.Which parenting style or styles have your parents used?
13Guide Children’s Behavior Children need to be taught what is acceptable, what is not acceptable, and what is expected of them.Guidance promotes security and positive self-esteem.guidanceUsing firmness and understanding to help children learn how to behave.
14Guide Children’s Behavior Young children will gradually develop a conscience.Parents should model the behavior they want to see in their children.conscienceAn inner sense of what is right.
15Guide Children’s Behavior Parents must give effective directions and set limits.Parents must deal effectively with inappropriate behavior.
16Family Characteristics Chapter SummarySection 3.1Family CharacteristicsFamilies need to meet children’s basic needs and prepare children to live in society.There are three basic family structures.Most families follow a series of stages called the family life cycle.Families are affected by trends in society and sometimes need support.16
17Parents use many skills to raise children. Chapter SummarySection 3.2Parenting SkillsParents use many skills to raise children.Children have physical, emotional, social, and intellectual needs that should be met by a family.Parents must find the parenting style that works best for them and their children.Parents must also learn positive ways to guide children’s behavior and deal with misbehavior.17
18ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
19A family that includes a mother and father and at least one child. nuclear familyfamilia nuclearA family that includes a mother and father and at least one child.Una familia que incluye una madre, un padre y al menos un hijo.Show Definition
20familia de un padre o madre soltera single-parent family A family that includes either a mother or a father and at least one child.Una familia que incluye a una madre o a un padre y al menos un hijo.Show Definition
21padre/madre con tutela custodial parentpadre/madre con tutelaThe parent with whom the child resides.Padre o madre con quien el hijo vive.Show Definition
22blended family familia mezclada A family that is formed when a single parent marries another person, who may or may not have children.Familia formada cuando una persona con hijos se casa con otra que puede o no tener hijos.Show Definition
23extended family familia extendida A family that includes a parent or parents, at least one child, and other relatives who live with them.Familia en la que uno o los dos padres, al menos un hijo y otros parientes viven juntos.Show Definition
24legal guardian tutor legal A person who is designated by a legal process to assume responsibility for raising a child.Persona nombrada en un procedimiento legal para asumir la responsabilidad de criar a un niño.Show Definition
25foster child hijo de crianza A child that comes from a troubled family or difficult circumstances and is placed in the temporary care of another person or family.Niño que viene de una familia con problemas o situaciones difíciles y que otra persona o familia cuida temporalmente.Show Definition
26Occurring between older and younger age groups. intergenerationalintergeneracionalOccurring between older and younger age groups.Que ocurre entre personas jóvenes y mayores.Show Definition
27deprivation privación A lack of the critical needs and encouraging environment that are essential for physical, emotional, and intellectual well-being.Carencia de necesidades fundament-ales y un ambiente estimulante que se requieren para el buen desarrollo intelectual, físico y emocional.Show Definition
28The way parents and other caregivers care for and discipline children. parenting styleestilo de crianzaThe way parents and other caregivers care for and discipline children.La manera en que cuidan y disciplinan los padres y otras personas a cargo de cuidar a los niños.Show Definition
29Using firmness and understanding to help children learn how to behave. guidanceorientaciónUsing firmness and understanding to help children learn how to behave.Usar firmeza y comprensión al ayudar al niño a aprender a comportarse.Show Definition
30The ability of children to control their own behavior. self-disciplineautodisciplinaThe ability of children to control their own behavior.La habilidad de los niños para controlar su propio comportamiento.Show Definition
31An inner sense of what is right. conscienceconcienciaAn inner sense of what is right.Sentido interior acerca de lo que es correcto.Show Definition
32positive reinforcement refuerzo positivo A response that encourages a particular behavior.Una respuesta que estimula un comportamiento específico.Show Definition
33negative reinforcement refuerzo negativo A response aimed at strengthening desired behavior by removing an unpleasant trigger.Respuesta en la que se remueve un estímulo desagradable con el objeto de fortalecer un comportamiento deseado.Show Definition
34time-outpausaWhen a child is removed from the group, perhaps by being required to sit in a special chair for a short period of time.Cuando un niño es aislado del grupo y se le requiere que, por ejemplo, se siente en un asiento especial por un corto periodo de tiempo.Show Definition
35Necessary; extremely important and necessary. vitalesencialNecessary; extremely important and necessary.Necesario; extremadamente importante y necesario.Show Definition
36To proceed; to presume or dare to do something. venturearriesgarseTo proceed; to presume or dare to do something.Proceder; atreverse o aventurarse a hacer algo.Show Definition