Presentation on theme: "24 Chapter 24 Section 24.1 Basic Needs and Safety Section 24.2"— Presentation transcript:
124 Chapter 24 Section 24.1 Basic Needs and Safety Section 24.2 Child CareChapter 24Section 24.1Basic Needs and SafetySection 24.2Positive Guidance and Nurturing1
2Section 24.1 Basic Needs and Safety Caregivers must meet the basic needs of children and keep children safe.It is important to know how to handle emergencies when they occur.Parents must choose child care services carefully.2
4Meeting Children’s Basic Needs Parents are the primary caregivers of a child.Parenting is the process of caring for children and helping them grow and develop.caregiversAnyone who takes care of a child.parentingThe process of caring for children and helping them grow and develop.
5Meeting Children’s Basic Needs Physical needs are the most basic responsibility of parenting, including providing food, sleep, clothing, cleanliness, and health care.Why is it important that all of a child’s physical needs be fulfilled?5
6Keeping Children SafeTo keep children safe, caregivers must know what to expect in any situation and take precautions.It is important to choose age-appropriate activities for children.age-appropriateSuitable for the age and developmental needs of a child.6
7Keeping Children SafeTo childproof means to take steps to protect a child from possible dangers.Keeping children healthy and safe means protecting them from abuse as well.childproofTo take steps to protect a child from possible dangers.7
8Dealing With Emergencies To handle an emergency, remain calm, assess the situation, call for assistance, and give first aid.Learn the basic emergency procedures to perform in order to give immediate action.first aidEmergency care or treatment given right away to an ill or injured person.8
9Choosing Child Care Services There are various reasons for using child care services.The options can be in-home care, family child care, child care centers, or before- and after-school care.9
10Section 24.2 Positive Guidance and Nurturing Children need guidance and nurturing to reach their potential in all developmental areas.Playing contributes to a child’s development10
12Nurturing ChildrenCaregivers must provide for children’s intellectual, emotional, social, and moral needs.Children who feel loved have greater strength and resiliency, the ability to overcome disappointments, and stress.What are some ways to help a child feel loved, safe, and secure?
13Guide BehaviorCaregivers need to give guidance so children can learn what behavior is expected of them.Rules for good behavior must be reliable and stable.guidanceUsing firmness and understanding to help children learn how to behave.
14Guide BehaviorModeling good behavior is the best way to promote it in children.Children need to know what their limits are and what is expected of them.Children should not be punished for actions that they have not been told are wrong or for those they cannot help.
15Guide BehaviorHandle misbehavior by redirecting it, giving reminders, removing the child from the situation, making the punishment appropriate.Enforce consequences.
16Learning Through PlayPlay provides opportunities for children to explore and learn about their world.Types of play are quiet play, free play, and active play.quiet play Activities that engage the mind and use small motor skills.free play A type of play during which children choose any safe activity they want.active play Physical activities that use large motor skills.
17Learning Through PlayProvide opportunities to make learning fun and become involved in children’s play.Make the most of what television and electronic games can offer children.Set guidelines regarding active play and electronic entertainment.
18Chapter Summary Section 24.1 Basic Needs and SafetyChildren depend on caregivers to meet their basic physical needs, including food, sleep, clothing, cleanliness, and health care.Taking steps such as childproofing the home will help keep children safe.
19Chapter Summary Section 24.1 Basic Needs and SafetyCaregivers need to know what to do in emergency situations, so it is helpful to be familiar withIf abuse is suspected, it should be reported.Parents should explore child care options carefully.
20Chapter Summary Section 24.2 Positive Guidance and NurturingCaregivers must meet children’s intellectual, emotional, social, and moral needs.Guiding behavior involves promoting good behavior, setting reasonable limits, and handling misbehavior.
21Chapter Summary Section 24.2 Positive Guidance and NurturingChildren’s play is purposeful and promotes progress in all areas of development.Children need a balance of different types of play activities.Caregivers should provide a variety of opportunities for play and learning.
22ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
23caregiver Anyone who takes care of a child. persona a cargo del cuidadoAnyone who takes care of a child.Cualquier persona que cuida a un niño.Show Definition
24parentingcrianza de los hijosThe process of caring for children and helping them grow and develop.El proceso de cuidar a los niños y ayudarios a crecer y desarrollarse.Show Definition
25immunization inmunización A shot of a small amount of a dead or weakened disease-carrying germ given so that the body may build resistance to the disease.Una vacuna de una candidad pequeña de gérmenes muertoso debillatados que transportan una enfermedad que se le da el cuerpo para que cree resistencia a esa enfermedad.Show Definition
26vacunavaccineThe disease-causing germ that is injected in the body so that the body can create antibodies.El germen que causa enfermedades se inyecta en al cuerpo para que éste cree anticuerpos.Show Definition
27age-appropriate apropiado para la edad Suitable for the age and developmental needs of a child.Que es adecuado para la edad y las necesidades de desarrollo de un niño.Show Definition
28childproof A prueba de niños Take steps to protect a child from possible dangers.Tomar medidas para proteger un niño de posibles peligros.Show Definition
29first aid primeros auxillos Emergency care or treatment given right away to an ill or injured person.Tratamiento o atención de emergencia que se da de imnediato a una persona enferma o herida.Show Definition
30resucitación cardiopulmonar (CPR) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)A first aid procedure that combines rescue breathing with chest compressions.Procedimento de primeros auxillos que combina respiración de rescate con compresioned de pecho.Show Definition
31stimulating environment ambiente estimulanteAn environment in which one has a wide variety of things to see, taste, smell, hear, and touch.Ambiente en el que uno tiene gran variedad de cosas para ver, oler, probar, oir y tocar.Show Definition
32guidanceorientaciónUsing firmness and understanding to help children learn how to behave.Usar firmeze y comprensión para ayudar a los niños a aprender a comportarse.Show Definition
33quiet play juego de aprendizaje Activities that engage the mind and use small motor skills.Actividades que comprometen la mente y usan habilidades motrices pequeñas.Show Definition
34active playactivaPhysical activities that use large motor skills.Hacer actividades fisicas que involucran habilidades motoras gruesas.Show Definition
35free playjuego libreA type of play during which children choose any safe activity they want.Un tipo de juego durante el cual los niños escogen cualquier actividad segura que quieran.Show Definition
36attention span capacidad de atención The length of time a person can concentrate on a task without getting distracted.La longitud de tiempo en el que una persona se qude concentrar en una tarea sin distraerse.Show Definition
37primaryprimarioMain or first.Principal o primero.Show Definition
38promote promover Encourage or advance. Fomentar o avanzar. Show Definition
39resiliency resistencia The ability to overcome disappointment and stress.La habilidad para recuperarse del estrés y la disilusión.Show Definition
40consistency coherencia Reliability and stability. Confiabilidad y estabilidad.Show Definition