Types of Accomodation Ownership Individual Ownership The Haliburton Advantages Owner has full control over policies and operating procedures Can reach out to customers by developing their own websites and online reservations Disadvantages If income is not strong, quality can go down Does not have the adventage of a national advertising and reservation system
Types of Accomodation Ownership Company Chains Four Seasons Each company operates more than one property, but each property reports to central headquarters. Each hotel in a chain remains somewhat independent ny reflecting the local culture of the region or country where they are located.
Types of Accomodation Ownership Franchises Franchises Holiday Inn Holiday Inn Advantages Recognized name Advertsing & Reservation system Cheaper financing Professional Management Assistance Cheaper supplies Cheaper training Familiar decor Disadvantages High frachise fees Monthly fees (% of grose income) No flexibility regarding policies Affect of other owners on reputation Franchiser can buy back the frachise The franchise relationship consists of the franchiser (brand name company), and the franchisee (property owner).
Organization and Function « Front of House » « Front of House » Front office, food & beverage, housekeeping and customer service Front office, food & beverage, housekeeping and customer service « Back of the House » « Back of the House » Administration, accounting, sales, engineering, security Administration, accounting, sales, engineering, security
Classifications with the Accomodation Sector Single occupancy Single occupancy One person staying in room, no matter how many beds One person staying in room, no matter how many beds Twin Twin Room with two twin beds Room with two twin beds Double occupancy Double occupancy Two people staying in one room Two people staying in one room
Classifications with the Accomodation Sector Suite Suite Two or more rooms combined – one set up as a living room Two or more rooms combined – one set up as a living room Hospitality suite Hospitality suite Room that has a bar and a sitting area, used for informal meetings Room that has a bar and a sitting area, used for informal meetings Rack rate Rack rate Standard daily rate Standard daily rate Run-of-the-house rate Run-of-the-house rate Discount rate for block bookings (Weddings, conferences etc.) Discount rate for block bookings (Weddings, conferences etc.)
The level of service Budget Hotels – Designed to provide clean, safe, low-cost rooms. Offer very few services and may not have in-house food service Comfort Inn Midscale Hotels – Have a coffee shop on premises, may have a swimming pool and may provide airport service Ramada Hotel
The level of service Upscale Hotels – Far more service oriented. Provide room service, a concierge desk, a dining room and lounge area, pool and exercise area, and a gift shop. Sheraton Luxury Property – Takes service to a higher level. Located in a prestigious area, their lobby is often lrge, spectacular (waterfall or indoor garden), with elegant furniture and lighting. Cater to travelers who can afford to be pampered. Four Seasons
Length of Stay Transient Guests Transient Guests Short stays Short stays Most Hotels Most Hotels Residential Guests Residential Guests Long term stays (up to and over a year) Long term stays (up to and over a year) Midscale & Upscale Midscale & Upscale
Other Classifictions of Accomodations Motel and Motor Hotel Motel and Motor Hotel Resort Hotel Resort Hotel Country Inn Country Inn Guest Home Guest Home Bed & Breakfast Bed & Breakfast Cottages/Cabins Cottages/Cabins Spas Spas Campgrounds Campgrounds Hostels Hostels Time-share condominiums Time-share condominiums
Canada Select Rating Categories * clean and comfortable accommodations ** clean, comfortable accommodations with some amenities *** very comfortable accommodations with a greater range of facilities, guest amenities, and services ****the highest standard of accommodations with an extensive range of facilities, guest amenities, and services. *****exceptional properties that are among the best in the country in terms of their outstanding facilities, guest services, and quality provided
Meal Plans European Plan (EP) room only with no meals Continental Plan (CP) room rate that includes a continental breakfast Bermuda Plan (BP) room rate that includes a full American breakfast American Plan (AP) rate that includes three full meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) Modified American Plan (MAP) rate that includes two meals, usually breakfast and dinner
Accomodation Industry: Categories of workers Front Desk and Guest Services Front Desk and Guest Services Often most visible and likely first personal contact for guests Often most visible and likely first personal contact for guests Administration Administration All aspects of operation. Management, HR, Fiances, Sales & Marketing All aspects of operation. Management, HR, Fiances, Sales & Marketing Housekeeping & Maintenance Housekeeping & Maintenance Little direct contact with guests, but have significant impact on guest satisfaction Little direct contact with guests, but have significant impact on guest satisfaction
Accomodation Industry: Job Descriptions Front Desk Agent Front Desk Agent Makes room reservations and receives payment for services such as accomodation, room service and restaurant meals. Responds to guest complaints Answers inquiries regarding hotel services Guest check-in and check-out
Accomodation Industry: Job Descriptions Housekeeping Room attendant Housekeeping Room attendant Stocks and sorts supplies in linen closets and on housekeepers carts Vacuums, cleans, dusts, polishes guests rooms, makes beds, removes and replaces used towels and toiletries Ensures the security of guest rooms and the provacy of guests
Accomodation Industry: Job Descriptions Executive Housekeeper Executive Housekeeper Establishes and/or implements operating procedures and stndards Plans and co-ordinates the activities of housekeeping supervisors and their crews Co-ordinates inspections or inspects assigned areas to ensure standards are met Applies HR skills such as hiring, training and performance evaluation Creates and adhers to budgets and other administrative tasks
Accomodation Industry: Job Descriptions Consierge Consierge Serves the needs of the guests: obtaining event tickets, recommending restaurants, assisting with transportation; and many other services of similar nature Serves the needs of the guests: obtaining event tickets, recommending restaurants, assisting with transportation; and many other services of similar nature Guest Service Attendant Guest Service Attendant Provides services at the main door and in the lobby. Handles and stores luggge and provides valet parking. Assists to other departments such as housekeeping, front desk, security etc.
Accomodation Industry: Job Descriptions Director of Sales and Marketing Provides leadership, manages staff and has a positive attitude. Manages operations and finances, has marketing skills and excellent communication skills Sales Representative Promotes products or services and identifies and solicits new clients. Prepares sales reports and tracks activities, estimates or quotes prices, credit terms, warranties and delivery dates. Prepares sales contracts, processes orders and makes delivery arrangements.
Accomodation Industry: Job Descriptions Accommodations Service Manager/Front Office Manager Participates in developing, implementing, and evaluating policies and procedures for the operation of the hotel. Prepares budgets and monitors revenues and expenses. Participates in the development of pricing and promotional strategies. Negotiates with suppliers and clients for the use of the facility for functions. Recruits and supervises staff, trains, sets schedules and resolves customer complaints
Motivations, Needs, and Expectations (MNEs): For Accommodations Motivations: Basic reason why people stay in hotels and motels Needs: What clients look for in a hotel or motel Expectations: Minimum standard of facilities and services that guests expect in the establishment