2 3/31/2017The Plan for TodayWhat is Geocaching? Safety How to Find a Geocache Mapping: GPS, UTM, Compass How to Hide a Geocache Geocaching Terms CITO Leave no Trace Geocaching Game
3 3/31/2017What is Geocaching?“Geocaching is a sport where you use a multi billion dollar satellite system to locate a rubbermaid containers in middle of the woods.” ~~ Anonymous
4 What is Geocaching? Nature meets Technology 3/31/2017What is Geocaching?Nature meets TechnologyGPS (Global Positioning Device)MapsHidden ContainersLatitude/LongitudeFriends and Family Timegeocaching.comAdventuresFUN with your Troop
5 History of Geocaching GPS was developed by the US Dept of Defense 3/31/2017History of GeocachingGPS was developed by the US Dept of DefenseMay 1st, 2000 the Government made these GPS signals available to the publicRemoving “Selective Availability”On May 3rd, Dave Ulmer hid a 5 gallon pail out in woods in OregonCalled “The Great American Stash Hunt”The first finder, Jeremy Irish, created geocaching.com to document geocachesToday over 1 Million are hidden around the worldRemoving “Selective Availability”“The Great American Stash Hunt” – to test the accuracy of new systemGPS technology is used in surveying, geology, hiking, environmental research, air and sea travel, etc.
6 Global Positioning System (GPS) 3/31/2017Global Positioning System (GPS)What does a GPS Do?Tells you where to goTracks where you have beenStores maps: topo, trails, streetStores coordinates (waypoints, points of interest)Communicates with Satellites out in spaceGPS will time the signals of these satellites to calculate your position.Satellites continuously transmits data that indicates it’s time and location
7 How does it work? Three Segments Space Control User 3/31/2017How does it work?Three SegmentsSpace24-30 satellites orbit around the earth at an altitude of about 12,550 milesTransmits position, orbit and location, and altitudeControlSatellites are tracked by US Air Force Monitoring Stations scattered throughout the US.Ground stations will send navigation updates to the satellitesUserGPSUses data from satellites to calculate user’s position, altitude and other data
8 How does it work? To sum it all up: 3/31/2017How does it work?To sum it all up:The GPS uses the time it receives the signal from the satellites to determine location and altitudeThe GPS only needs to receive data from 4 satellites to determine location. The more received, the better the accuracy
9 Interference and Accuracy 3/31/2017Interference and AccuracyInterference: Factors that prevent GPS from receiving information from satellitesWeatherBuildingsTreesCanyonsTakes longer for GPS to receive satellite signalNo GPS is 100% AccurateMost GPS units will get you within 20 feet of a GeocacheUse “Geosense” when hunting for a cache
10 How to use a GPS Get to know your GPS before you head out 3/31/2017How to use a GPSGet to know your GPS before you head outWhere is the Enter button, move up or down, zoom in or out, find the menu, turn on backlightHow to switch between the map and the compassCheck battery levels“Mark” a WaypointA waypoint is a location entered in your GPS“Find” a waypoint (location) or point of interestEdit/Change coordinatesThe CompassThe arrow will not move until you begin to move
12 GPS Safety How to NOT get lost or run into barriers: 3/31/2017GPS SafetyHow to NOT get lost or run into barriers:GPS “where to crow flies”Always look at a map of area first to determine your best routeObstacles: rivers, streams, swamps, cliffsAlways carry extra batteriesMark your car or trailheadHave map and compass
13 Map and Compass Why should you bring a Map and Compass with you? 3/31/2017Map and CompassWhy should you bring a Map and Compass with you?GPS batteries go deadSatellite signal is not goodAccidently enter in the wrong coordinatesTIME FOR QUESTIONS….
14 How to Determine Coordinates 3/31/2017How to Determine CoordinatesThe globe is comprised of vertical and horizontal lines called: Latitude and LongitudeLatitude (parallels)Horizontal lines around the globeNorth to South position between the polesNorth Pole is 90 degrees northSouth Pole is 90 degrees southLongitude (meridians)Vertical lines around the globeEast to West0 degrees = Prime Meridian and goes through Greenwich England.Latitude: how far north and south you areLongitude: how far east and west you are
15 Latitude and Longitude 3/31/2017Latitude and Longitude
16 Latitude and Longitude 3/31/2017Latitude and LongitudeEach degree is divided into 60 minutesEach minute of latitude and longitude = 60 secondsFormat used for Coordinates:Degrees, Minutes, SecondsCoordinates at Baldy Mountain at Philmont areN ’ 45’’ W ’ 48’’Geocaching.com and most GPS uses different format: Degrees and Decimal MinutesCoordinates above would read:N W
17 Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) 3/31/2017Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)Rectangular grid-based map overlayDivides Earth into 60 zonesEach zone = 6 degrees of latitude20 Latitude bands, each 8 degrees highEach band is lettered from C to X (no I or O)Ends at 84o N Latitude“Easting” – measured from central meridian“Northing” – measured from the equatorAlways read coordinates East and then North
19 3/31/2017UTMTo use the UTM grid, you can place a transparent grid overlay on the map to subdivide the grid, or you can draw lines on the map connecting corresponding ticks on opposite edges. The distances can be measured in meters at the map scale between any map point and the nearest grid lines to the south and west. The northing of the point is the value of the nearest grid line south of it plus its distance north of that line; its easting is the value of the nearest grid line west of it plus its distance east of that line (see fig. 2).On maps at 1:100,000 and 1:250,000 scale, a full UTM grid is shown at intervals of 10,000 meters and is numbered and used in the same way.
20 UTM Excercise Questions or Break….. 3/31/2017 Resource: maptools.com UTM Exercise, topo maps and overlay toolQuestions or Break…..
21 Types of Geocaches Traditional Multi-Cache Puzzle Virtual Earthcache 3/31/2017Types of GeocachesTraditionalMulti-CachePuzzleVirtualEarthcacheEventLetterboxWherigoWebcamBenchmarkingWaymarkingBriefly explain each type.Letterbox/Letterbox hybrid: has a stamp, NOT swagWherigo: game using cartridges you download from wherigo.com, virtual video game
22 Geocache Sizes Micro Small Regular Large 3/31/2017Geocache SizesMicroNano, film containers, magnetic key holderTypically only a logbookSmallSandwich size lock-n-lock, decon containers, small peanut butter containerCan fit logbook, pencil and small trade itemsRegularAmmo can, large lock-n-lock, think “shoebox size”Large5 gallon pail, big wooden box
23 Terrain and Difficulty 3/31/2017Terrain and DifficultyTerrain Rating: 1-5 starsSteep terrain, water, cliffsPaved trail1 star would be wheelchair accessible5 star may require special equipmentDifficulty Rating: 1-5 starsNano up in a pine tree (5)50 gallon garbage can (1)1 star would be super easy, 5 star is evil
24 Attributes What to expect at cache location 3/31/2017AttributesWhat to expect at cache locationIs parking available? Can you bring your dog?Do you need special equipment (boat, scuba gear)How long will it take? Is cache available at night?Kid Friendly?Stealth Required?Do I need to watch out for ticks or poisonous plants?
25 Internet Safety Obtain parent permission and follow the rules 3/31/2017Internet SafetyObtain parent permission and follow the rulesNever give out your , phone number or other personal informationNever open or files if you don’t know who sent itTell a parent if you see or receive anything that makes you feel uncomfortableNever agree to meet with anybody you meet onlineDon’t share passwordsDon’t believe everything you read onlineObey the laws
26 Getting Started Step 1: Research Step 2: Safety Step 3: The Hunt 3/31/2017Getting StartedStep 1: ResearchStep 2: SafetyStep 3: The HuntStep 4: The Actual Find
27 Step 1: Research Sign up for free account on Geocaching.com 3/31/2017Step 1: ResearchSign up for free account on Geocaching.comClick “Hide and Seek a Cache”, enter a zip codeSelect the Geocache you want to findPay attention to distance, difficulty, terrain, type and sizeEnter coordinates in your GPS deviceLook at map of area to determine your best approachIn the city, use a city mapIn rural areas, use a topographic map
30 Preparing to Geocache What to take with you GPS Extra batteries 3/31/2017Preparing to GeocacheWhat to take with youGPSExtra batteriesCache pageWaterA buddyTrinkets to trade withPen/PencilBug SprayCITO bagSense of Adventure
31 Step 2: Safety Bring a buddy 3/31/2017Step 2: SafetyBring a buddyTell someone where you are going and when you expect to be backCarry a compass, whistle and first aid kitDress for weather and terrainBe aware of your surroundingsIf it’s hunting season, wear blaze orange
32 Step 3: The Hunt Mark your car and/or trailhead Stay on the trail 3/31/2017Step 3: The HuntMark your car and/or trailheadStay on the trailWatch your FootingUse your GPS compass to lead you towards the cacheSlow down when you get to about 300 feetOnce you get to about 30 feet, start your searchSometimes it helps to just put the GPS away and use your “geosense”
33 Step 4: The Actual Find Once you find it, write about it in logbook 3/31/2017Step 4: The Actual FindOnce you find it, write about it in logbookUse your geocaching name (handle) and dateTake something, Leave somethingOnly take a trackable if you intend on moving itTrackables are Geocoins, Travel Bugs and tracked on Geocaching.comPut Geocache back, better than how you found itMany times, geocaches “move” or camo disappearsMake sure lid is on tightLog it on Geocaching.com and share your experience.
34 Hazards Poisonous plants Sunburn Heatstroke Hypothermia Woodticks 3/31/2017HazardsPoisonous plantsSunburnHeatstrokeHypothermiaWoodticksMosquitoesHoles in the groundUneven terrainDisorientation
35 Hiding a Geocache Read the guidelines on Geocaching.com 3/31/2017Hiding a GeocacheRead the guidelines on Geocaching.comMany parks and cities have special rulesSame steps as finding:Step 1: ResearchStep 2: SafetyStep 3: The HuntStep 4: The Actual Find
36 Step 1: Research Where would be a good place to hide a Geocache? 3/31/2017Step 1: ResearchWhere would be a good place to hide a Geocache?Geocaches must be .10 miles (528 feet) away from others.Think “Where would I like to FIND a Geocache?”Hide Geocache where there will be minimal risk to the environment
37 Step 2: Safety Geocaches must be safe to get to 3/31/2017Step 2: SafetyGeocaches must be safe to get toIf on private property, obtain permissionGeocaches are not allowed near railroads, bridges, school property or military bases
38 Step 3: The Hunt Make sure coordinates are accurate Supply a hint 3/31/2017Step 3: The HuntMake sure coordinates are accurateSupply a hintWrite “Geocache” on outside of containerYou want to be sure Geocachers can find your hide
39 Step 4: The Actual Find Be sure to use a watertight container 3/31/2017Step 4: The Actual FindBe sure to use a watertight containerLock N LocksAmmo CansDecon containersDo not use: “gladware”, they do not hold up to Minnesota wintersPut a “Cache Note” in the geocacheThis can be printed off Geocaching.comPut logbook in a plastic baggieLeave the pencil out, they tend to poke holes in the baggieLoad the cache up with swagDo not put in food, fireworks, or other dangerous materials
40 Submitting your Geocache 3/31/2017Submitting your GeocacheGo to Geocaching.comOn “Hide and Seek” page, click on the Online FormComplete all information on the form and SubmitAdd AttributesVolunteer reviewers will review your listingIf there are questions, they will youIf no questions and all guidelines were followed, they will publish your new Geocache on Geocaching.comWait for that first Geocacher to log the “FTF” (First to Find)
41 3/31/2017Maintain it!When you hide a Geocache, you are obligated to maintain itRead the logs that geocachers will send youThey will let you know if your Geocache is “wet” or the logbook is fullIf you get a few “DNF” logs (Did Not Find), you may want to check to see if the geocache has been “Muggled” (a non-geocacher may have found it and removed it)When you visit the area, make sure environment around isn’t being damaged in anywayIf you can no longer maintain, you need to “archive” and remove the geocache
42 Leave No Trace Follow 7 Leave No Trace Principles 3/31/2017Leave No TraceFollow 7 Leave No Trace PrinciplesPlan Ahead and PrepareCheck weather, be safe, follow land policies, know how to use GPSTravel and Cache on durable surfacesStay on the trail, avoid creating new “geotrails”, avoid sensitive areasDispose of Waste ProperlyCache in, Trash OutLeave What you Find“see it as it is, leave it as it was”
43 Leave No Trace Minimize Campfire Impacts Respect Wildlife 3/31/2017Leave No TraceMinimize Campfire ImpactsTypically doesn’t apply with Geocaching, but know area regulationsRespect WildlifeNever leave food in a geocacheDogs on a leashObserve wildlife from a distanceBe Considerate of other VisitorsYield to those on a trailAvoid loud noisesDo not trespass
44 CITO Cache In Trash Out DIPO 3/31/2017CITOCache In Trash OutAlways carry a bag with you to pick up trash on your way outCITO Event: Group of geocachers getting together to clean up a park or other geocaching friendly areaDIPODog in Poop Out: make sure you clean up after the dogs
46 Geocaching Game!! 3/31/2017 Plan Ahead Obtain Permissions Set up the Game: hide geocaches before folks arrive, load coordinatesExplain the game, leave no trace and the rulesPlay the GameDebrief (explain to Scouts steps taken to setup the game)Clean up area and collect the Geocaches
47 Geocachers Creed When placing or seeking geocaches, I will: 3/31/2017Geocachers CreedWhen placing or seeking geocaches, I will:Not endanger myself or othersObserve all laws & rules of the areaRespect property rights and seek permission where appropriateAvoid causing disruptions or public alarmMinimize my and others' impact on the environmentBe considerate of othersProtect the integrity of the game pieces..Not Endanger Myself or Others: Like any outdoor activity, geocaching involves some inherent risk and many geocachers enjoy manageable risks. Minimize inordinate risks. When creating a cache, describe any hidden dangers and, if possible, arrange the hunt to minimize these dangers. When seeking a cache, know your limitations and be aware of your surroundings. Don't attempt anything beyond your abilities.A cache you own, or one you're trading out of, could be found by children or even a prisoner work crew - consider the location of the cache and those likely to find it when deciding what to leave as a trade item....Observe All Laws and Rules of the Area Don’t break the law or rules of an area, or encourage others to do so, when placing or seeking a cache. Don't leave illegal items in a cache....Respect Property Rights and Seek Permission Where Appropriate Check if permission is required before placing a cache on private property, and respect the landowner's wishes. Check if public land has a geocaching policy and respect existing policies. Promptly remove your cache if the land manager or steward asks. Do not damage, or interfere with the function of, buildings, structures, or signage....Avoid Causing Disruptions or Public Alarm Don’t place a cache near schools or government buildings unless the administration and staff are fully aware of the placement. Use caution where children play. Parents are understandably concerned when strangers are near their children.Don’t place a cache near critical infrastructure that might be considered a terrorist target, or create a cache that could be mistaken for a terrorist device (e.g. a pipe bomb)....Minimize My and Others' Impact on the Environment Follow Leave No Trace ethics whenever possible.When seeking a cache, practice "Lift, Look, Replace" - put all stones or logs back where you found them. Leave the area as you found it or better (e.g. pick up litter). Obtain the best possible coordinates for your cache to reduce unwarranted wear on the area. Recheck and correct your coordinates if finders report significant errors. Do not abandon a cache. If you stop maintaining a cache, remove the container, archive its listing and explain the disposition of the cache in your archive note, or put it up for adoption or rescue. If you de-list a cache on one host, but keep it on another, make sure you mention this in the archive note to prevent rescues of active caches....Be Considerate of Others Treat other geocachers civilly - in the field, in the forums, or wherever your paths may cross. Don't spoil the hunt for others - allow them to experience the cache as its owner intended. Avoid leaving tracks to the cache. Do not disrupt the cache area or mark the hiding spot. Minimize giving unsolicited clues that reveal the cache (i.e. "spoilers"). Don't provide any hints if the cache description asks you not to. In all other cases, be cryptic or encrypt any hints or spoilers you enter in online logs. Edit your log if the cache owner requests that you remove spoilers. Promptly alert the owner of any issues with their cache. Make minor repairs if you can, it will save the owner a trip.Cache owners appreciate feedback - write an online log, send an , or otherwise let the owner know about your experience with their cache. Only place caches you can maintain and respond promptly to problem reports. If you exchange trade items, trade kindly: Consider what future finders would like and leave something equal to or better than what you take. If you place a traveling item into the game, attach a tag that describes its goal, so that others can help it along. If you pick up a traveling item with a tag describing its goal, move the item toward its goal if possible. Contact the owner if you hold a traveling item for more than a couple of weeks or so. Obtain permission from the originator before copying unique themes and techniques, adding to an existing series of caches, or placing a cache close to another....Protect the Integrity of the Game Pieces The owner entrusts you to not damage or jeopardize the cache. Try to ensure the cache is ready for the next finder and is as good as or better than you found it. Make sure the container is properly closed to prevent the contents from getting wet or destroyed. Be inconspicuous in retrieving, signing in, and replacing a cache to avoid vandalism. Put the cache back where you found it and hide it well. Don’t move a cache - if you suspect the cache is not in the intended spot, hide it the best you can and alert the owner as soon as possible. Don’t collect traveling items meant to stay in the game. This is tantamount to stealing. Don’t tamper with or involve a game piece in "alternate" games without the owner’s permission.