Presentation on theme: "Weather and Climate Part 2 - Storms CGF3M Crescent School."— Presentation transcript:
Weather and Climate Part 2 - Storms CGF3M Crescent School
When rain and thunder and lightning rumbled through the sky over ancient Greece, the people believed that Zeus, the celestial god of weather, was showing his anger with the mortals We all love warm sunny days, but we also must get clouds, rain, wind, snow etc. Storms (Precipitation) occurs when air is cooled. Warm air rises, cools, condenses, forms clouds and it precipitates. The way in which air is cooled is the theme for this slide show.
The question we should ask ourselves at this point is How does air cool? Air can be cooled in three ways: 1.If air travels over a mountain it must rise. OROGRAPHIC PRECIPITAION. 2.Air in a localized area is heated to the point that the air around it is cooler. This heated air rises and is replaced by the cooler air. CONVECTIONAL PRECIPITATION
3.A large mass of air (air mass - large body of air that develops over a part of the earths surface and contains similar characteristics of temp. and precip.) collides with another air mass. This collision forces one air mass to rise above the other. The warmer air mass always rises above the cooler one. CYCLONIC PRECIPITAION OR MID- LATITUDE STORMS OR FRONTAL
Clouds Cirrus: high-altitude, wispy clouds associated with warm fronts. Stratus: grey, poorly defined clouds associated with frontal precipitation Nimbostratus: low altitude clouds associated with frontal precipitation Cumulus: fluffy, white clouds associated with fair weather Cumulonimbus: low-altitude, fluffy, grey, rain-bearing clouds associated with thunderstorms.
Clouds are simply rising air!
Bodies of air that develop over large areas of the earths surface. – Air must stay over source region for a long period of time to take on characteristics of that region – Air must be stable Front: leading edge of an air mass Eg. Cold Front or Warm Front Air Masses
We will see this image again.
low pressure cell cold front warm front S. Ontario
Jet Stream Powerful air currents in the stratosphere that influence the movement of storms. The Jet Stream flows from west to east (follows the rotation of the earth). The Jet Stream pushes the Westerlies in the same direction. All major storms over Ontario will generally flow from west to east. The Jet Stream also influences the position of the air masses that effect the North American continent.
Air Masses affecting North America. How does the Jet Stream play a role in this?
Weather Forecasting Thermometers, rain gauges, barometers, wind vanes, etc. Weather stations are linked by GTS - Global Telecommunications System - supplies data from sources such as balloons, radar, and weather satellites.
Weather Forecasting Synoptic Charts/Weather Maps - plotted information recorded at weather stations – includes temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed and direction, cloud cover, sky cover, dew point. Isobars: lines connecting places of equal atmospheric pressure. Front: leading edge of an air mass
Weather Forecasting Very popular with the media - 5 day forecast. A lot of Technology is used on TV to show the weather. Why this importance over Weather Forecasting?
Flash Corner: Cyclonic Precipitation Warm/Cold Front
THE END GO TO THE THIRD AND FINAL PART - VIOLENT STORMS