Presentation on theme: "Writing and Scheduling"— Presentation transcript:
1Writing and Scheduling Chapter 2Writing and Scheduling
2Successful video/film productions need A well written scriptLots of planningPreproduction planning impacts production & postDon’t let your eagerness to shoot take away from planningPlanning is the last time your productionIs truly under your controlOnce shooting starts….
3ScreenwritingMovie adaptations are often different than their source booksWhy is this?
4The main reasons for the difference Writing a book & Creating a filmAre very different art formsScreenwriting is a very particular type of writingWriting for the eyes (visual)As opposed to the mind
5Finding a story Before you can begin developing a story You need to decide what it is about.There are several ways to find ideasBrainstormingObservationsInspirationsExperiencesOnce you have an ideadevelop a structure for it
6Structure Structure can turn a series of events Into a storyUnderstanding the basic structureBeginningMiddleEndingThis is often referred to as the three-act structureCan be applied to any type of productionWill help with writing shooting and editing of your film
7Three Act structure Act I – The beginning Act 2 – The middle Main character is introduced, along with the nemesis and supporting castAct 2 – The middleMain characters problem gets complicatedSubplots are introduced and resolvedMiddle of this act is middle of the movieThe climax usually occurs hereBulk of the movie
8Three Act structure Act 3 – The ending Unlike a stage play The main characters problem is solvedUnlike a stage playThe acts may blend together in filmAudience may not see clear separation between them
9Writing visually Movies are made up of pictures Dialogue, talking, music and moreMay exist in the productionBut first and foremostMovies are a VISUAL form of storytelling
11We will have a few people share what they have written
12Formatting your script Movie screenplay format is very specificDesigned and refined to conveyMore than dialogue and scene descriptionsRegardless of production typeGood formatting will make your production easier.Screenplay format (Pg 19)AdvantagesHelps determine length & pace of scriptOne minute of screen time per page (variations occur)
13Writing for unscripted Unscripted projectsDocumentaries, Reality TV, NewsStill require SOME writingTwo approaches to documentariesInductiveShoot the subject first then edit footage into final filmDeductive (Outlining)Write out a script, then get footage to match it
14Scheduling Once script is workable what do you do? Plan your shoots What resources do you have (or need)What items do you need for each sceneHow many pages will you shoot each dayHow much time do you haveWhat is your budgetDo you need to hire a crewWhat about the weather?There are many variables that can affect your schedule
17Breaking down a script Going through the script to determine needs This may result in shooting out of orderIf there are complex scenes that require a crewThey will likely be shot in succession even if they are not in order in the filmEasy scenes can be shot first or last
18Choosing a shooting order Once you have a schedule & script breakdownYou will be ready to layout your shooting orderYou may consider location nowScenes at the houseScenes outsideScenes at the workplaceIf you can shoot all the scenesfrom one location at the same timeYou won’t have to go back
19How much in a day This will vary depending on your budget. With a big budget you can do less in a single dayWon’t be rushedCan wait out bad weatherMultiple takes for perfectionIf you have a small budgetYou might have to get it in like the postmanRented equipmentFriends helping during time offetc
20Scheduling for unscripted If you are following a subject (documentary)Your scheduling may change throughoutIf you are shooting an eventYour scheduling will take place during the event timeframeOther scheduling includesInterviewsSupporting footage etc.
21Breaking into Hollywood as a scriptwriter is tough. Thousands of scripts are sent each year, some don't get read, most get rejected and a few make it.
22What a good script needs A main character who is driven towards achieving a goalAn opposition to your main character who will hold your main character back from achieving their goal(The Bad Guy)A fight (literal or metaphorical) between your main character and their oppositionAn ending which answers the questions "Can the main character achieve his goal?”
23If your script can present such a story Along with a well thought out main character who the audience can relate toYou will all ready have the jump on most scriptwriters.
29The only way to get better at anything is to practice. There are a few more writing exercises that can really get your creative juices flowingThey are designed to help you with character building, story structure and writing action sequences.
30People You KnowThis exercise will help your understanding in creating realistic characters.Even seemingly dull people can be interesting or funny when placed in certain situations.
31Write a list of ten people you know. Pick a broad spectrum of people from your family, friends, work place and neighbors…you don’t necessarily have to like the people you pick!For each person on your list write out a single paragraph character description.Come up with one characteristic for each person that makes them unique.Somewhere within the list, you might just find a gem of a character to write about!
32It’s Not Paranoia If They’re Really After You! This exercise helps learn how to empathize with characters and feel what they’re going through.This will allow you to write your characters with a lot of emotional depth.If the danger doesn’t feel real to the character then it won’t seem real to the audience.
33Write out a chase scene where you are the only one being chased. They’re after you! You don’t know why, but you’re being chased down relentlessly.Write out a chase scene where you are the only one being chased.Imagine the panic and fear you’d be feeling as well as the confusion.Really get into the frame of mind of someone being chased, and fearful for their life.To make it even more interesting write out three different scenes, each with a different method of travel.On foot.In a car.In a helicopter, being chased by a UFO!
34Script ExerciseWrite a one-minute film with one location, no dialogue, and no more than three characters.Sound effects may be used, but the story must be told through visuals and action.Ensure that your story is self-contained (avoid writing a scene) and that it has a theme. In other words, your story should mean something outside of itself—it should have a point.The length of your script should not exceed two pages in proper screenwriting format.