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Film. Preproduction-Obtaining Material 3 stages to film: pre-production, production, post production 3 stages to film: pre-production, production, post.

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Presentation on theme: "Film. Preproduction-Obtaining Material 3 stages to film: pre-production, production, post production 3 stages to film: pre-production, production, post."— Presentation transcript:

1 Film

2 Preproduction-Obtaining Material 3 stages to film: pre-production, production, post production 3 stages to film: pre-production, production, post production Preproduction-the planning stage Preproduction-the planning stage Starts with development phase, when person or company buys the rights to literary work, screenplay, or story outline Starts with development phase, when person or company buys the rights to literary work, screenplay, or story outline Once the rights are owned, no one else can turn it into a film Once the rights are owned, no one else can turn it into a film

3 Preproduction The owner of the work hires scriptwriters to improve upon it and turn into a piece fit for film The owner of the work hires scriptwriters to improve upon it and turn into a piece fit for film After owner reviews script, she/he will either keep it or sell it to another interested movie studio After owner reviews script, she/he will either keep it or sell it to another interested movie studio

4 Rejected Films Sometimes, a potential film can go through this whole preproduction phase and never get turned into a film Sometimes, a potential film can go through this whole preproduction phase and never get turned into a film Actors may not sign on Actors may not sign on Another studio may be making something similar Another studio may be making something similar Doesnt have potential to make money Doesnt have potential to make money

5 Preproduction-Developing the Material Once the owner of a project gives it the OK, things kick into gear Once the owner of a project gives it the OK, things kick into gear Owner hires key personnel: director, business manager, key talent and anyone else she/he wants to select personally Owner hires key personnel: director, business manager, key talent and anyone else she/he wants to select personally These people hire the ones THEY want to work closely with: talent agents, lighting designers, sound engineers, special effects coordinators, etc. These people hire the ones THEY want to work closely with: talent agents, lighting designers, sound engineers, special effects coordinators, etc. Preproduction requires months before cameras ever roll Preproduction requires months before cameras ever roll

6 Preproduction-Script Development Once locations are arranged, then can the team arrange for things like transportation, travel budgets, props, food, housing the crew Once locations are arranged, then can the team arrange for things like transportation, travel budgets, props, food, housing the crew Now think of how many films require multiple locations… Now think of how many films require multiple locations… Storyboards: helps visualize the film, shot by shot or scene by scene Storyboards: helps visualize the film, shot by shot or scene by scene –Turns the script into visual images

7 Storyboard Activity Now watch the following clip Now watch the following clip Turn this clip into a storyboard Turn this clip into a storyboard

8 Production Production starts once the crew and talent arrive on set to shoot Production starts once the crew and talent arrive on set to shoot Actors have studied lines Actors have studied lines Sound and lighting are all ready to go Sound and lighting are all ready to go After a days worth of shooting is done, the director assembles her key people to review what has been shot that day, these being called dailies After a days worth of shooting is done, the director assembles her key people to review what has been shot that day, these being called dailies During shooting, other people work away from the set: music composers, special effects designers, press releases During shooting, other people work away from the set: music composers, special effects designers, press releases

9 Post Production

10 Editing When a film wraps, actors and production personnel are done-and the postproduction crew gets started When a film wraps, actors and production personnel are done-and the postproduction crew gets started This crew is made up of director, film editor, sound editor, and assistants This crew is made up of director, film editor, sound editor, and assistants Most important phase is editing-where miles of film and reels are cut and spliced together Most important phase is editing-where miles of film and reels are cut and spliced together

11 Editing Steps 1-Director selects take she/he wants for every scene shot 1-Director selects take she/he wants for every scene shot 2-Now the order of the shots is decided 2-Now the order of the shots is decided –Shots are usually decided after experimenting with their order –Sergei Eisenstein, a Russian film pioneer, was the first to argue that the placement of shots (juxtaposition) is what gives films its power to communicate –It is up to the audience to provide closure to each shot based on the juxtaposition

12 Steps Cont. 3-Now the shots are joined with a transition technique 3-Now the shots are joined with a transition technique –The cut is the most common technique. This is where a piece of film is literally cut and spliced to another piece of film –The dissolve is another type of technique. This is when the shot on screen gets lighter and fades away as the next shot appears very lightly and takes over the screen –A reaction shot is often used to show a persons reaction to news or an event (EX. Someone on the phone is telling their friend they got a job, and the shot switches to the friend receiving the news).

13 Adding Sound Though much of the sound in a film is recorded as filmed, as much and sometimes more is added during postproduction Though much of the sound in a film is recorded as filmed, as much and sometimes more is added during postproduction Sounds that occur naturally in the course of a scene are referred to as ambient sounds- clinking of silverware, footsteps, a cough. Sounds that occur naturally in the course of a scene are referred to as ambient sounds- clinking of silverware, footsteps, a cough. Dialogue that needs to be recorded again is called looping. Dialogue that needs to be recorded again is called looping. –The actor watches herself/himself on screen in a recording studio and re-speaks their lines

14 Sound Cont. The music of a film-its score-is actually recorded and added to a film at the right spots as well as the right volume. The music of a film-its score-is actually recorded and added to a film at the right spots as well as the right volume. Libraries of sound effects are used for things like alien lasers to birds chirping out side a window Libraries of sound effects are used for things like alien lasers to birds chirping out side a window Whatever ambient sounds could not be recorded during shooting are performed in a sound studio and added during postproduction Whatever ambient sounds could not be recorded during shooting are performed in a sound studio and added during postproduction –This process is the work of a foley artist-this person is responsible for making the sounds like the slurping of soup, papers rustling, even kisses.

15 Promotion and Distribution This last phase involves the selling of a film. This last phase involves the selling of a film. Trailers (previews) are edited and sent to selected theaters. Trailers (previews) are edited and sent to selected theaters. Pre-release (test) screenings are often held for randomly selected audiences. Pre-release (test) screenings are often held for randomly selected audiences. Test audiences are asked for reactions to the film before it is even released. Test audiences are asked for reactions to the film before it is even released. While these test screenings are released, lawyers work behind the scenes to finish negotiations regarding distribution. While these test screenings are released, lawyers work behind the scenes to finish negotiations regarding distribution.

16 Film Project You are to prepare a 5 minute presentation analyzing ANY film of your choice You are to have at least 2 props to be presented to the class as a whole. The analysis of this film must include each area we have studied in class: Shots, frames, lighting, acting, color, sound, setting/costumes, etc. The analysis itself must be at LEAST 3 pages in length, NOT including pictures/stills from the movie. You have a choice: This analysis can either be presented in person OR taped and presented to the class the day it is due. If you decide to tape, you must be wearing professional clothing as if you are on TV reporting your opinion to your viewers. You are to prepare a 5 minute presentation analyzing ANY film of your choice You are to have at least 2 props to be presented to the class as a whole. The analysis of this film must include each area we have studied in class: Shots, frames, lighting, acting, color, sound, setting/costumes, etc. The analysis itself must be at LEAST 3 pages in length, NOT including pictures/stills from the movie. You have a choice: This analysis can either be presented in person OR taped and presented to the class the day it is due. If you decide to tape, you must be wearing professional clothing as if you are on TV reporting your opinion to your viewers.

17 NO LATE PRESENTATIONS ACCEPTED NO LATE PRESENTATIONS ACCEPTED Requirements: Requirements: Paper-50 points Paper-50 points *Length-minimum of 3 pages *Length-minimum of 3 pages *Analysis of different areas covered in class *Analysis of different areas covered in class *Cover page *Cover page *Pictures being used *Pictures being used *Sources that are used (and there should be sources) *Sources that are used (and there should be sources) Presentation-50 points Presentation-50 points *Length- 5 minutes in length *Length- 5 minutes in length *Eye Contact *Eye Contact *Body language *Body language *Tone *Tone *Props *Props


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