Presentation on theme: "Languages On Film An Introduction to Digital Filmmaking."— Presentation transcript:
Languages On Film An Introduction to Digital Filmmaking
Production Flow Overview Stage 1DevelopmentWhats Your Idea? Formulating Your Proposal Pitching & Discussion Stage 2Pre ProductionScriptwriting Storyboarding Shot Lists Sound Lists Production Planning Stage 3Production The Shoot Rehearsing Action Takes & Shots Sound Recording Stage 4Post ProductionPicture & Sound Edit Mixing Music Stage 5ExhibitionScreening Your Film Archiving Your Film
Stage 1: Development ObjectiveProcessOutcome To thoroughly think through the core idea, theme, story or key message of the film idea. Research and discuss ideas and decide on the best one. A short written film proposal. To decide on the genre in which the core idea/theme/story/ message will be told. - Small group work - Class presentation A verbal presentation or Pitch, with use of illustrations or visual aides. A more detailed Outline or Synopsis of the film.
Stage 2: Pre-Production ObjectiveProcessOutcome To thoroughly plan and prepare for production Write a Script, devise a Storyboard and create a Shot List A short written film proposal Assign key production roles A verbal presentation or Pitch, with use of illustrations or visual aides Create all Pre- production documentation - Small group work - Class presentation A more detailed Outline or Synopsis of the film.
The Script Location Character Story/Scenario Scenes Read-through
Shot Types Know your shot types and how to refer to them Get used to using the abbreviations, ie. MS for Medium Shot, LS for Long Shot, HACU for High Angle Close Up
The Grammar of The Shot Motivation Information Composition Sound Camera angle Continuity
The Shot - Content and Form Framing: What do we see within the frame of the shot? Focus: What needs to be in focus? What not? Exposure: Is there enough light? Increase if not. Movement: is there movement in shot? Does the camera need to move. Choreograph and rehearse movement of subject and camera.
The Shot - Subject/Form Static or Moving?: Is the camera Static or moving? If it is moving is it Hand Held or on a Tripod [pan or tilt]? Angle: Low or High Angle shots alter the way the viewer responds to the subject with frame.
From Script to Storyboard It is important that the storyboard is closely related to the script. Marking Up The Script: breaking down the action and dialogue of the script into shots
From Storyboard to Shot List A storyboard is a visual representation of all your shots and sound in chronological film order. It should represent the shot structure of your film sequence as you want it to appear when edited. A Shot List is a list of all the shots you need [and sound] in SHOOTING ORDER
Stage 3: Production ObjectiveProcessOutcome To gather all the required images for your film at the best quality possible Use your Shot List and Storyboard in filming and follow it! Recorded all the video [moving images], stills [photograph images], and sound To gather all the required sound for your film at the best quality possible. You can also improvise if something unexpected occurs! Decide on the right music for your film. Make sure it is COPYRIGHT CLEAR. Be organized and keep to defined key production roles
Stage 4: Post-Production ObjectiveProcessOutcome Composite all sound and image in storyboard order. Reviewing, selecting and cutting footage. Complete film Edit image and sound.Add Sound FXSave file of finished film Save finished film.Add music and titlesMake DVD
The Grammar of The Edit An Edit is a transition between two shots. Edits are like punctuation, and affect the pace and rhythm of the film sequence.
Stage 5: Exhibition, Distribution and Archiving ObjectiveProcessOutcome To share and archive your films at the best quality available Save as files for archiving, screening and broadcasting online Easily accessible resource platform from which your worked an be viewed To disseminate your projects and achievements widely Save as DVD For coursework folders, individual student archive, school archive.
Permissions and Privacy Get signed permission from anyone visible on screen. Create a form with opt in and out clauses [ie: for school screening, wider public screening, school website, public website, DVD distribution]. Give copies to your students and safely archive them.
Exercise Make a short film of no longer than 1 minute duration that uses a situation and vocabulary from a topic you have recently covered in class.
Exercise - Stage 1: Development In pairs, discuss your ideas. Focus on content [what you film is about] and style/genre [how your film will be presented]. Think of a title. Write a short proposal beginning with the title of your film and telling us what it is about. Pitch your idea to the group [be prepared to answer/ask questions.]
Exercise - Stage 2:Pre production Write a one page script - follow the correct format. Create a Storyboard [you can use stick men!] Create a Shot List
Exercise - Stage 3:Production Go out and shoot it! [using your Shot List and Storyboards]
Exercise - Stage 4:Post Production Editing your film using Windows Movie Maker. Save your finished Film.
Exercise - Stage 5:Screening Screening and Discussion - it is important to evaluate and learn from the films that have been made. What are the lessons for next time? What could have been improved? Does the film convey its narrative/message/idea to an audience? If not why not?