Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Digital Filmmaking"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Introduction to Digital Filmmaking Languages On FilmAn Introduction toDigital Filmmaking
2 Production Flow Overview Stage 1DevelopmentWhat’s Your Idea?Formulating Your ProposalPitching &DiscussionStage 2Pre ProductionScriptwritingStoryboardingShot ListsSound ListsProduction PlanningStage 3Production‘The Shoot’RehearsingActionTakes & ShotsSound RecordingStage 4Post ProductionPicture &Sound EditMixingMusicStage 5ExhibitionScreening Your FilmArchivingYour Film
3 Stage 1: Development Objective Process Outcome To thoroughly think through the core idea, theme, story or key message of the film idea.Research and discuss ideas and decide on the best one.A short written film proposal.To decide on the genre in which the core idea/theme/story/message will be told.- Small group work- Class presentationA verbal presentation or Pitch, with use of illustrations or visual aides.A more detailed Outline or Synopsis of the film.
4 Stage 2: Pre-Production ObjectiveProcessOutcomeTo thoroughly plan and prepare for productionWrite a Script, devise a Storyboard and create a Shot ListA short written film proposalAssign key production rolesA verbal presentation or Pitch, with use of illustrations or visual aidesCreate all Pre- production documentation- Small group work- Class presentationA more detailed Outline or Synopsis of the film.
5 The ScriptLocationCharacterStory/ScenarioScenesRead-through
6 Shot Types Know your shot types and how to refer to them Get used to using the abbreviations, ie. MS for Medium Shot, LS for Long Shot, HACU for High Angle Close Up
7 The Grammar of The Shot Motivation Information Composition Sound Camera angleContinuityA film is made up of a sequence of Shots. What we choose to put in the shot [content], how we choose to presentframe is
8 The Shot - Content and Form Framing: What do we see within the frame of the shot?Focus: What needs to be in focus? What not?Exposure: Is there enough light? Increase if not.Movement: is there movement in shot? Does the camera need to move. Choreograph and rehearse movement of subject and camera.
9 The Shot - Subject/Form Static or Moving?: Is the camera Static or moving? If it is moving is it Hand Held or on a Tripod [pan or tilt]?Angle: Low or High Angle shots alter the way the viewer responds to the subject with frame.
10 From Script to Storyboard It is important that the storyboard is closely related to the script.Marking Up The Script: breaking down the action and dialogue of the script into shots
11 From Storyboard to Shot List A storyboard is a visual representation of all your shots and sound in chronological film order.It should represent the shot structure of your film sequence as you want it to appear when edited.A Shot List is a list of all the shots you need [and sound] in SHOOTING ORDER
12 Stage 3: Production Objective Process Outcome To gather all the required images for your film at the best quality possibleUse your Shot List and Storyboard in filming and follow it!Recorded all the video [moving images], stills [photograph images], and soundTo gather all the required sound for your film at the best quality possible.You can also improvise if something unexpected occurs!Decide on the right music for your film. Make sure it is COPYRIGHT CLEAR.Be organized and keep to defined key production roles
13 Stage 4: Post-Production ObjectiveProcessOutcomeComposite all sound and image in storyboard order.Reviewing, selecting and cutting footage.Complete filmEdit image and sound.Add Sound FXSave file of finished filmSave finished film.Add music and titlesMake DVD
14 The Grammar of The EditAn Edit is a transition between two shots. Edits are like punctuation, and affect the pace and rhythm of the film sequence.A film is made up of a sequence of Shots. What we choose to put in the shot [content], how we choose to presentframe is
15 Stage 5: Exhibition, Distribution and Archiving ObjectiveProcessOutcomeTo share and archive your films at the best quality availableSave as files for archiving, screening and broadcasting onlineEasily accessible resource platform from which your worked an be viewedTo disseminate your projects and achievements widelySave as DVDFor coursework folders, individual student archive, school archive.
16 Permissions and Privacy Get signed permission from anyone visible on screen.Create a form with opt in and out clauses [ie: for school screening, wider public screening, school website, public website, DVD distribution].Give copies to your students and safely archive them.
17 ExerciseMake a short film of no longer than 1 minute duration that uses a situation and vocabulary from a topic you have recently covered in class.
18 Exercise - Stage 1: Development In pairs, discuss your ideas.Focus on content [what you film is about] and style/genre [how your film will be presented].Think of a title.Write a short proposal beginning with the title of your film and telling us what it is about.Pitch your idea to the group [be prepared to answer/ask questions.]
19 Exercise - Stage 2:Pre production Write a one page script - follow the correct format.Create a Storyboard [you can use stick men!]Create a Shot List
20 Exercise - Stage 3:Production Go out and shoot it! [using your Shot List and Storyboards]
21 Exercise - Stage 4:Post Production Editing your film using Windows Movie Maker.Save your finished Film.
22 Exercise - Stage 5:Screening Screening and Discussion - it is important to evaluate and learn from the films that have been made. What are the lessons for next time? What could have been improved? Does the film convey it’s narrative/message/idea to an audience? If not why not?