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Analysing Film Aim: To identify the key terms. Aim higher: Apply new knowledge to analyse a films effectiveness. Starter: What kind of camera shot would.

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Presentation on theme: "Analysing Film Aim: To identify the key terms. Aim higher: Apply new knowledge to analyse a films effectiveness. Starter: What kind of camera shot would."— Presentation transcript:

1 Analysing Film Aim: To identify the key terms. Aim higher: Apply new knowledge to analyse a films effectiveness. Starter: What kind of camera shot would you call this and what do you think might be its function? Close up - to show emotion / reaction

2 Camera shots Just as in writing, film uses techniques to produce different responses in their audience. Short sentences are used for impact in writing, but certain camera shots are chosen for exactly that effect as well. Each camera shot is picked with the intention of delivering a very specific effect on the audience.

3 Camera shots There are 7 main camera shots which are each picked for a particular effect. Point of view shot High-angle shot Over the shoulder shot Close-up shot Low angle shot Medium Shot Long shot These are occasionally played around with to make new versions, depending on what suits the director – for example, you could have a medium long shot, which would half the distance of a long shot, but still wouldnt be a medium shot, etc.

4 The Establishing or Long Shot

5 The High Angle Shot

6 The Low Angle Shot

7 The Medium Shot

8 The Close-Up Shot

9 You are going to watch a short film which shows you examples of different camera shots / angles and movements using clips from the film Se7en. STiVM

10 Point of view shot High-angle shot Over the shoulder shot Close-up shot Low angle shot Extreme Close Up Medium Shot Long shot Medium Long Shot

11 Point of view shot Close-up shot Over the shoulder shot High-angle shot Extreme close up Low angle shot High-angle shot Medium Shot Long shot Medium long shot Point of view shot

12 Camera shots As weve discussed, each camera angle is picked specifically with an effect in mind. Match up the camera shots you have learned with the correct explanations of their function(s). Fill in your answers on the sheet in your booklet.

13 Camera shots Close-up shot Over the shoulder shot Low Angle shot Medium Long shot Medium Shot Point of view shot Extreme close-up shot High-angle shot Long Shot Choose from the following:

14 ________________ The audience sees the situation from the characters position ________________ Suggests characters smallness, weakness or isolation. The audience is in a powerful position. ________________ Focuses the audiences attention on one character ________________ Concentrates attention. Shows characters emotion Puts audience in a privileged position. _______________ Audience in intimate relationship. Shows a characters intimate feelings. _________________ Suggests characters bigness, strength or dominance. Audience in weak position. _______________ Situates character in immediate environment, yet still shows emotion. _______________ Shows the context of the shot. _______________ Important in action scenes, where emotion is still important. Camera shots and their functions

15 Point of view shot The audience sees the situation from the characters position High-angle shot Suggests characters smallness, weakness or isolation. The audience is in a powerful position. Over the shoulder shot Focuses the audiences attention on one character Close-up shot Concentrates attention. Shows characters emotion Puts audience in a privileged position. Extreme close up shot Audience in intimate relationship. Shows a characters intimate feelings. Low angle shot Suggests characters bigness, strength or dominance. Audience in weak position. Medium Shot Situates character in immediate environment, yet still shows emotion. Long shot Shows the context of the shot. Medium long shot Important in action scenes, where emotion is still important. Camera shots and their functions

16 Camera Movement Not only is the shot an important tool in telling the films story, but the movement contributes a lot to our understanding too. Camera movement is used to: Follow the action Reveal information – moving plot forward Change the emotional mood of the scene (e.g. making someone appear more or less powerful, frightened etc.)

17 Camera Movement There are several established camera movements the director uses for certain effects. Panning Tilting Dollying in and out Handheld Tracking/crabbing alongside

18 Aim: To understand how different camera movements can be used in different ways to achieve different effects.

19 Camera Movement Function Match up the correct function with the camera movements Panning Can create a first person perspective, puts the audience in the eyes of the character (who may or may not have been seen) – can give you the thrill of being that character. Tilting Depends on speed - dollying in to a still object can be quite unnerving if at speed and emphasises the importance of the object (like rushing in to something in real life); dollying in builds tension, can make a place feel claustrophobic, can make the audience feel pulled Dollying out – can pull back and reveal. Travelling (hand held) Builds anticipation if you are dollying along with a moving object, describes the place but makes you feel like you are on a journey – to arrive at the next scene. Dollying in and out Describes a person in relation to the place theyre in. Can be used to reveal a location in stages to build surprise or shock Dollying /Tracking Describes / reveals the location or follows the action, gets a much wider shot into the shot (short for panorama)

20 Camera Movement Function ANSWERS Can create a first person perspective, puts the audience in the eyes of the character (who may or may not have been seen) – can give you the thrill of being that character. Depends on speed - dollying in to a still object can be quite unnerving if at speed and emphasises the importance of the object (like rushing in to something in real life); dollying in builds tension, can make a place feel claustrophobic, can make the audience feel pulled Dollying out – can pull back and reveal. Builds anticipation if you are dollying along with a moving object, describes the place but makes you feel like you are on a journey – to arrive at the next scene. Describes a person in relation to the place theyre in. Can be used to reveal a location in stages to build surprise or shock Describes / reveals the location or follows the action, gets a much wider shot into the shot (short for panorama) Dollying in and out Travelling (hand held) Panning Dollying / Tracking Tilting

21 Now work in groups to complete the Camera Shots Quiz. Match each of the film language terms to the visual description on the sheet which best describes it. Write the answers on the sheet in your booklet.

22 Camera Shots Quiz Answers

23 Medium Shot The condemned man looks squarely at the camera and declares his innocence. An interior of a car where a couple are having an argument. A teacher and principal are having a discussion. The camera doesn't move, but the shot moves from the principal, on the left to the teacher, on the right, each time they speak. The camera moves from an interior shot of a couple arguing in their car, to an exterior shot of their car stuck in a traffic jam. Eye-level Shot Panning Dollying

24 With the camera remaining in one place, the shot follows Spiderman as he climbs up the side of a building, and then down again. You have a bird-eye view of a group of children playing in a schoolyard. All you see on the screen is a well- manicured hand, nervously tapping a countertop. As the heroes escape, it's as if we are in their shoes, looking ahead at the dark alley as we try to get away. Tilting High Angle Shot Close-up Reverse Angle Shot

25 Low Angle Shot Long Shot Tracking A villain laughs cruelly - it's as if he is standing on top of you as he does this. A car is driving on a deserted road. The outline of a city can be seen in the distance. The camera moves from left to right, following the hero as she runs on top of a moving train.


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