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NASA Data Center Consolidation AFCEA, SunComm 2011 Tony Anania Kennedy Space Center.

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Presentation on theme: "NASA Data Center Consolidation AFCEA, SunComm 2011 Tony Anania Kennedy Space Center."— Presentation transcript:

1 NASA Data Center Consolidation AFCEA, SunComm 2011 Tony Anania Kennedy Space Center

2 Trend to Data Center consolidation is industry wide Data Center modernizations and consolidation are key initiatives for IT Infrastructure and Operations Managers Data Center Consolidation is the process of physically and logically co-locating computer systems Consolidation aims to reduce overall business costs by optimizing expenditures associated with: »Energy Consumption Operational Support »Facility Utilization Physical System Security »Hardware UtilizationSystem Maintenance Consolidation Basics 2

3 Federally Mandated Work Presidential Memorandum – June 2010 …in order to address the growth of data centers across the Federal Government, agencies shall immediately adopt a policy against expanding data centers beyond current levels, and shall develop plans to consolidate and significantly reduce data centers within 5 years. OMB Agency Consolidation Plan - Feb 2010 …Data Center Consolidation and the Cloud Computing Issue Areas will be government-wide priorities for all agencies beginning in FY2010. FDCCI NASA Lori Garver Memo – Aug 2010 …The objective of this initiative is to reduce the overall cost of data center services by leveraging newer and more efficient technologies, reducing power consumption and consolidating locations to increase space usage densities, and decreasing the real estate footprint of Federal data centers….Mission Directorate Associate Administrators and Center Directors shall direct their staff to cooperate fully and openly with these discussion initiatives. NASA OCIO Priorities Consolidation of Data Centers NASA tasked by OMB to prepare a plan outlining the approach to reduce IT energy consumption by a minimum 30% over a 3-year period (FY 2010-2012) Security & Efficiency of Data Centers In April 30, 2010, NASA provided OMB with the list of all data center construction, expansion and/or consolidations activities currently planned or underway as of June 30, 2010, the Agency integrated the approved data center consolidation plan into the FY 2012 budget In Sep 2011 NASA updated its Long Term Data Center Consolidation Plan addressing agency-specific strategic consolidation goals, consolidation approaches, risk management, acquisition strategies, governance, schedules of closures, and planned data center savings From the new Fed CIO Steven VanRoekel – Oct 2011 "I basically told the team when I came on board that I wanted to scope it so everything is game. We also are expanding the project to more aggressively consolidate our data center footprint. First, we are widening the scope of the project to include even the smallest data center 3

4 4 NASAs Data Center Consolidation Strategy Promote at least one healthy Data Center for each NASA Center Focus on increasing IT efficiency: »Fully utilize existing Data Centers for initial consolidation efforts »Implement strategic improvements to strengthen health and availability of objective Data Centers »Employ best practices »Eliminate underutilized facilities, systems and applications Aggressively work to eliminate rouge server rooms


6 6 6 Future Environment Standard Data Center Architecture Consolidated Data Centers at Each Center NEBULACloud NEBULACloud Public Cloud When Applicable

7 OMB Data Center Consolidation Goals Broad reductions of 10% in each of FY12, FY13 & FY14 in each of the various measurable Data Center areas: »Total # of Data Centers »Aggregate gross floor area »Total number of racks »Total number of servers »Total energy use 7

8 8 Consolidation alone will not provide the savings required by future budgets Reshape Data Centers to Gain Full Economies of Scale Colocation may exacerbate, rather than diminish, the cost of technology The Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiatives (FDCCI) should meet the following additional requirements: »Tactical: improve energy efficiency, increase utilization and availability, and support disaster recovery »Strategic: increase standardization, leverage virtualization and scalability and improve governance »Innovative: where appropriate, incorporate cloud services, develop shared-service models and leverage centers of excellence More than Just Consolidation

9 Data Center Consolidation Management NASA established an Program Executive position within OCIO to lead Agency Data Center consolidation efforts NASA established the Agency Data Center Consolidation (ADCC) Project Office at KSC to: »Coordinate Data Center consolidation activities »Deploy and manage an Agency-wide automated IT discovery and application mapping capability »Implement a real-time dashboard to monitor and track NASA Data Center consolidation progress 9

10 Facility Room/Sq Ft Reduction Energy Reduction 10 IT Infrastructure Servers & Storage Reductions Virtualization Cloud Services Domains of Data Center Consolidation Application Rationalization Platform Consolidation Consolidated Data Centers Efficient Reliable Available RESULTS

11 11 Compute Services Stack

12 12 Hosted Service Categories and Characteristics

13 Host Computing Service Environment 13

14 14 Strategic Preference

15 15 NASA Host Computing Strategy

16 Data Center Discovery Semi-manual inventory of server class IT assets Agency-wide »Used NASA Property Database (NPROP) to identify servers and network equipment by location and mapped onto GIS floor plans from each Center to identify rooms/facilities that could qualify as potential Data Centers 16

17 17 Deployment of an enterprise discovery tool to automate the collection of IT asset data and conduct application mapping Automated IT Asset Discovery

18 18 Data Center Consolidation Dashboard Discovered Servers Mapped Applications Discovered Server Trend Application Mapping Trend

19 19 Data center power monitoring and management solution, provided as a hosted on-site Software-as-a-Service (SAAS) offering Provides a web-based mechanism to allow users at NASA facilities to monitor the power consumption at designated NASA data centers Users can view current and historical power consumption data, and generate and export energy consumption and efficiency reports Data Center Power Monitoring Service

20 20 Temperature fog - Rack temperature map - Pressure distribution under the raised floor - CFD Modeling & Analysis Simulating Cooling Performance of Data Centers Determine and optimize the efficiency of data center cooling system Find additional capacity without modifying cooling infrastructure Faster, more practical and flexible what-if analysis for data center modifications than physical testing Show benefits of implementing best practices (hot/cold aisle, blanking panels, etc) Analyze impacts of adding/removing hardware BEFORE implementation and find best fit Avoid unforeseen infrastructure modifications as a result of consolidations or other changes

21 Identified candidates for consolidation, virtualization and Cloud potential, with focus on current inventory of applications »Phase 1 - Identified system level information, utilizing FISMA related security plans information to create a list of systems that have applications that are believed to be candidates for consolidation, virtualization or the cloud »Phase 2 - Gathered detailed application level data on potential system identified in Phase 1 to determine if they are candidates for consolidation/virtualization with minimal or significant effort 21 Application Rationalization Analysis

22 Consolidation Timeline 22 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 10,000 54 Data Centers 22 Data Centers 21,500 2010 79 Data Centers Physical Servers Reduce 10%10% 50%50% Virtualized Servers Increase

23 23 Virtualization Ratio Physical Servers Decrease Virtual OS Increase 10% per year 10 % 50 % IaaS SaaS Cloud Services Physical Servers Virtual Servers

24 Estimated Savings 1 st Year 24 Work across the Agency to reduce Data Center facility space and IT power consumption Today Today Consolidation activities FY11 »Eliminated 13 Data Centers and 19 rooms (Returned 22,289 sq ft of space) »Estimated energy savings of $337,210 per/year Established goals for the next 12 month period

25 Continue to aggressively pursuing Data Center Consolidation, local Center participation and support of NASA Mission Directorates is key to success Work with Centers to develop an Agency long term consolidation plan (through FY2015), to outline how Data Center consolidation will be achieved and to identify any significant budget augmentation or construction efforts necessary 25 Next Steps

26 KSC Data Center Consolidation Goal: A successfully consolidated Data Center environment »Exists in one physical location…ideally (some systems cant move) »Achieves optimization by employing a combination of physical and virtual servers »Offers a standard set of defined services (Service Catalog) »Provides a trained, dedicated support team »Encourages business-wide platform standards for application development 26

27 Much Inefficiency »Power - Whole Bldg. sections powered 24/7 to accommodate one small room or a few rooms with a server etc »Planned facility outages become a major challenge Presently 4 Buildings with significant Data Centers »VAB, SSPF, CIF, O&C Many Admin areas in buildings utilized as IT type servers rooms (closets, server under desk etc.) Initial State of Facilities 27

28 State of Applications Multiple instances of identical or similar applications and systems exist at KSC »Duplicate functionality and capabilities across the Center »Limited integration between services, systems and applications 28

29 Objective State All applicable KSC systems consolidated into a single Data Center facility by 2015 »Infrastructure will support existing systems and be scalable to support new Program and Institutional needs »Employ virtualization techniques for maximum optimization (more apps on less hardware) Data Center Capabilities Available as an IT Service »In line with OCIO mission …to increase the productivity of scientists, engineers, and mission support personnel by responsively and efficiently delivering reliable, innovative and secure IT services. Will achieve this vision while maintaining compliance with existing and future IT initiatives »Agency Data Center Consolidation (ADCC) »Cloud First philosophy (Migrating appropriate applications offsite) »Enterprise Architecture (based upon common standards) »Green IT (Reduction of carbon footprint) 29

30 End State Benefits 30 To KSC as a whole »Cost savings stay on center, where they can be applied to other priorities »New mandates are easier to adopt and require fewer resources across the various organizations required to support them »World Class Data Center capabilities become a selling point in bringing new business and jobs to KSC »Timely consolidation brings us into alignment with mandates from OMB and NASA OCIO

31 Approach Discovery Inventory & Coordination Schedule Development Execution - Where are the systems/applications? - What is their impact on their current facility? - What are the systems/applications? - What are their consolidation requirements and constraints? Business Case justification? - Housing vs. Hosting - What order should the systems move? - When? - Interim location - Final location 31

32 Inventory aggregates existing information and data obtained from system owners to build a baseline Discussion with system owners and IT Relationship Managers to understand the systems and the best options for consolidation (Housing vs. Hosting) Conduct Business Case justification (Cost, Impacts, Risk, Return on Investment) Coordination between IT, Facility Management and customers to determine where/when to move candidate systems and what changes must be made to the existing Kennedy Data Center to accommodate it While there may be impacts the goal is to ensure an efficient move End product is a prioritized list of discovered systems with a coordinated timeframe for consolidation Approach Inventory And Coordination 32

33 Approach Schedule Development Refine prioritized list created during Inventory and Coordination Establish an order for system to move at a high level Coordinate key milestones for individual moves with stakeholders Identifies long term growth for new and existing Data Center Facilities 33

34 34 KDCC Approach to Schedule AgencyCloud(Federal) Apps moved to cloud will be on-going NEWKDC Data Center B A Server Rooms in Admin Areas consolidated into KDC KDC nears end of life. Major consolidations will go to new facility New KDC Scalable Facility can absorb the rest Shuttle Post T&R New Facility under construction nears completion Older established Data Centers can now be consolidated

35 Data Center Consolidation is a required activity that will have a positive impact »It saves local operational resources »Reduces yearly power usage and frees up floor space »Provides a managed and more secure IT environment »It enables KSC to address IT mandates more efficiently »Facilitates innovation through implementation of new technologies like virtualization and cloud computing 35 Conclusion

36 Q & A 36

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