Presentation on theme: "The Red Hill Estate (1929-1941) / Archbold Biological Station (founded 1941), as a part of the Historical Legacy of the Roebling and Archbold Families."— Presentation transcript:
1The Red Hill Estate (1929-1941) / Archbold Biological Station (founded 1941), as a part of the Historical Legacyof theRoebling and Archbold Familiesby Fred E. Lohrer, Archbold Biological Station, April 2005
2The genesis of the Archbold Biological Station, and its longstanding (64 years, ) success in ecological research and education, is based on a remarkable confluence of philanthropy by two of America’s major business families; the Roebling and the Archbold.The Roebling family excelled in construction and manufacturing engineering; building enduring suspension bridges, manufacturing plants, and even estates. The Archbold family had a strong tendency for the support of science. Both families donated land for parks, conservation, and science.At the Archbold Biological Station, all three family traditions; construction of enduring buildings, creation of parks and preserves, and generous support of science, came together in continuing perfection.
5innovative construction engineer & enterprising businessman 1831 emigrated to US, foundedfarm community Saxonburg, PA1837 RR engineer Pennsylvaina1841 invented wire rope1845 first suspension bridge; acanal aqueduct at Pittsburgh1855 first suspension bridge fora RR at Niagra Gorge1867 signed contract for theBrooklyn BridgeJohn August Roeblinginnovative construction engineer &enterprising businessman
6key executive in growth and success of 1875 Director of Standard Oil1882 Standard Oil of NJ foundedPresidentStandard Oil of NJBoard of TrusteesSyracuse UniversityJohn Dustin Archboldkey executive in growth and success ofStandard Oil Company
7Land Donated for Parks / Conservation Family PatternsLand Donated for Parks / ConservationThe Roeblings and Archbolds donated landFor three parks (city, state, and national).
8Anne Mills Archbold,acres Hillandale Estate, Wash., DCacres & 77 acres from C.C. Glover, Sr.= Glover-Archbold Park, now 250 a.John Dana Archbold,acre Middleham Estate, Dominicadonated to The Nature Conservancy,later to Dominica for National Park addition
9Margaret Shippen Roebling 1930 $50,000 for 500-acreHooker Hammock, Sebring, FL;died October 24, 19301931 – J.A.Roebling II$300,000 for development &maintenance of the park1935 donated to the state asHighlands Hammock State Parkwith $50,000 for maintenanceMargaret Shippen Roebling
10Family Patterns - Support of Science The Roeblings and Archbolds donatedland and facilities forthree scientific research institutions.The Archbolds supported five separatescientific research programs.The Roeblings amassed and donateda major collection of minerals.
111926 W.A. Roebling’smineral collection donated toSmithsonian Institutionby his son, J.A. Roebling II,with $150,000 endowmentWashington Agustus Roebling
12Robert Clowry Roebling acre Modena PlantationDonated to State of Georgia forSkidaway Institute of Oceanography
13Botanical Exploration of Pacific Islands Anne Mills Archbold,Botanical Exploration of Pacific Islands1939 “Cheng Ho” vessel constructed in Hong KongJan - July 1940 – 1st CH Expedition, IndonesiaNov ‘40 - July ‘41 – 2nd CH Expedition, FijiJohn Dana Archbold,Biological Survey of Dominica (BSD)1950s – 1970s Breden-Archbold-Smithsonian BSD60+ scientific papers described 170 new species1989 His 90-acre Springfield Plantation becameArchbold Tropical Research Center, Clemson University
141924 - 1929 Cooperative Quail Investigation, Thomasville, GA (with wife May) French-Anglo-American Zoological Expedition to MadagascarJohn Foster Archbold
15Richard Archbold 1907-1976 Patron of Science AMNH Research Associate & major benefactorNew Guinea ExpeditionsPost WW2 4 New Guinea Expeditions, 1 Australia, 1 CelebesDec. 30, AMNH Centennial Commemorative Medalfor distinguished service
16Frances Archbold Hufty President of Archbold Expeditions1991-present Chairman of Archbold Expeditions
17The remarkable confluence of philanthropy Founding of Archbold Biological Station in 1941The remarkable confluence of philanthropy
18JARII built the Red Hill Estate ( ) in the design of Roebling industrial buildings and in his grandfather’s spirit.John A. Roebling, II
19The Main Grounds buildings at the Red Hill Estate, November 7, 1935
20The Founding of Archbold Biological Station Donald Roebling, son of John A. Roebling, II, and school-time friend of Richard Archbold, facilitated the donation of his father’s Red Hill Estate to Richard Archbold in 1941.On July 21, 1941, John A. Roebling and his second wife, Helen Price Roebling, deeded 1,058 acres of land to Archbold Expeditions as an “absolute, unqualified and unrestricted gift.”In October 1941, Richard Archbold became the Resident Director of the Archbold Biological Station, supporting the operation of the Station, managing the day-to-day operation of the facility, and living in the Main Building until his death in 1976.
21The long-term success of ecological research stations is based on three essential ingredients; land, physical plant, and an adequate dedicated endowment.These ingredients came together at the Archbold Biological Station in the proper balance that has continued to attract talented scientists, interested in long-term ecological research, for over 64 years.
22Physical plant. The extraordinary Roebling buildings at the Red Hill Estate form the core campus of Archbold.Land.,058-acre Red Hill Estate,773a, R. Archbold purchasea, the Hufty Tract (Lake Annie)1990s 1,300a, several purchases & mitigation parcels,648a, the Reserve (Frances Hufty)Total 8,841aEndowment. At his death in 1976, Richard Archbold left his personal fortune as a permanent endowment for the Station. Archbold Expeditions has successfully managed the endowment for continued support.
23The Trustees of Archbold Expeditions meet at With Archbold family leadership, the Station continues to thrive.The Trustees of Archbold Expeditions meet atArchbold Biological Station, November 27, 2001.