Presentation on theme: "Greenhouse Effect As sunlight enters the Earths atmosphere, some of the radiation from the sun is reflected back into outer space But, some of that radiation."— Presentation transcript:
Greenhouse Effect As sunlight enters the Earths atmosphere, some of the radiation from the sun is reflected back into outer space But, some of that radiation does not escape due to greenhouse gases that reflect the radiation back in.
What are greenhouse gases? Natural gases: water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide Man-made gases: CFCs (aerosols, styrofoam, refridgerants, air conditioners) as well as gases from smog
Greenhouse Gases over 150 yrs.
What are the effects? 1.If the amount of greenhouse gases has been increasing over the past 150 years due to the industrial revolution, how do you think that will affect the overall climate? WHY? 2.If the climate changes, what will happen to the biomes? 3.What will happen to the ecosystems within those biomes?
Heating Patterns Standard 5a
5a: Students know how differential heating of Earth results in circulation patterns in the atmosphere and oceans that globally distribute the heat.
Transfer of Energy on Earth Remember that only 50% of suns energy reaches the Earths surface. Energy from the Sun reaches the Earth and heats it. Heat is then transferred through the atmosphere in three ways – radiation, conduction, & convection
Radiation, Conduction, Convection Radiation: Energy transferred in the form of rays or waves. Conduction: Energy transferred when warmer objects come into contact with colder objects. Convection: Energy transferred by the flow of materials. Hot air and liquid rises up while cooler air sinks
Radiation Convection Conduction
Suns Intensity Because the Earth is curved, the radiation from the Sun hits the Earth at different angles. Areas near the equator have direct sunlight (very hot) Areas at the poles have sunlight that is spread out (a lot cooler)
Sunlight Most direct sunlight Sunlight 90°N North Pole 66.5°N 23.5°N 0° 23.5°S 66.5°S 90°S South Pole Arctic circle Tropic of Cancer Equator Tropic of Capricorn Arctic circle
Suns Intensity Because the equator gets direct sunlight, the air gets hot and will rise A convection current happens where exiting hot air is replaced by cooler air from the polar regions.
Suns Intensity Between the equator and the pole, there can be found three circulation patterns, or cells Hot air rises at the equator and at 60° Air sinks at 30°
Precipitation Hot air also brings water vapor with it. As air cools, water vapor turns into clouds and eventually turns into rainfall, or precipitation. Precipitation usually found at the equator and around 60°
Seasons The different amounts of sunlight and the tilt of the Earth causes the seasons. When the Northern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun (June), north experiences summer and south experiences winter. When the Southern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun (December), north experiences winter and south experiences summer.