2 Plants and animals vary in tolerance for living conditions IntroductionPlant and animals vary in their adaptations to temperature, rainfall, and other things about environmentPlants and animals vary in tolerance for living conditionsClimate shapes ecosystems and ecology!
3 What is Climate?In the atmosphere temperature, precipitation, and other environmental factors produce weather and climateWEATHER: condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and placeCLIMATE: average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precipitation in a particular region
4 Climate is caused by many things What is Climate?Climate is caused by many thingstrapping heat in the atmospherelatitude on Earthtransport of heat by wind and ocean currentsamount of precipitation.Shape and elevation of landmass also changes climate
5 Sunlight energy drives Earth’s weather and determines climate What is Climate?Sunlight energy drives Earth’s weather and determines climateSunlight is important in changing temperature all over the EarthCertain gases also affect the amount of heat on Earth
6 Greenhouse EffectGREENHOUSE EFFECT: natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere by carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and other gasesGreenhouse effect act like a blanket keeping the Earth warmToo many gases being added to the atmosphere cause the Earth to get TOO warm, this causes change in climate and weather
8 Effect of Latitude on Climate Because of the “tilt” of the Earth, sunlight hits the planet at different places, this causes seasonsBeing closer to the sun = summer, farther from the sun = winterArea around the equator is always warmer because its always closest to the sun, no matter what time of year
9 Heat Transport in the Biosphere Because the Earth is heated differently in places, wind and ocean currents move heat around the planetTo avoid getting too warm, colder air from the North and South pole help to cool the planetThis creates weather patterns in certain places because of where the warm air and the cool air meet