Presentation on theme: "Arizona Priority Lists Charlie Gohman Az Dept of Commerce Energy Office."— Presentation transcript:
Arizona Priority Lists Charlie Gohman Az Dept of Commerce Energy Office
Arizona Priority Lists ( Heating and Cooling Only) There are three primary factors in Az priority lists. –Climate (six climate zones) –Construction characteristics (single family & mobile) –HVAC types (Air Conditioning and Evaporative Cooling) We have 12 priority list, 2 for each climate zone, one for single family and one for mobile. In each, measures listed under HVAC types.
Climate Six climate ranging from: –5000 CDD/1300 HDD –150 CDD/7000 HDD In our large population centers, it is hot, dry, sunny 362 days a year and the wind does not blow much. Impact on WAP: –Evaporative Cooling vs Air Conditioning –Solar/shade –Lack of wind/stack shifts our infiltration focus.
Mountains and valleys make our climate zones very complex.
Solar – shade, shade, shade!!
I have done long term pressure monitoring, normally under 1 Pa of pressure created by wind and stack.
I am from Minnesota, I know how much of ND blows in each winter
Construction Slab on grade Vast majority of walls are block or insulated frame/stucco. –Little if any wall insulation added. –Can you blow through concrete? Our homes are fairly tight (for WAP) and look like a bowl. Vast majority of our ducts are in the attic. –15% return leak at 115º reduces capacity 50%. –Our attics can be over 160º/leakage at 30% & up - reducing duct leakage critical.
HVAC Saving potential in air conditioning Vs evaporative cooled. Evaporative Cooling is blind to the envelope. –Evap is a open system moving 4000/5000 CFM, the insulation, tightness ext. has no impact on energy use. –Only real savings potential is heating (limited in most of Az), lighting and refrigerator.
We can reduce heating cost through duct sealing! In some cases it makes up for increased cooling in AC conversion
What Does All This Mean? Items on priority list are limited. –Insulation –Shade screens (ac only) –New AC Most of our emphasis is placed on pressure diagnostics (duct sealing, sealing the ceiling and pressure balancing/mapping).
Climate Zone 2 - Phoenix Housing Type One: Homes with Refrigeration Cooling (AC or Heat Pump) –Existing ceiling insulation of R-19 or less upgraded to R-30. –Pressure diagnostics and repair following the pressure diagnostic procedure established by the WAP program. –Air Conditioners twenty years old or older upgraded with a minimum 13 SEER unit. –Shade screens on all sun struck south, east and west windows and glass doors. –Water heater wrap (where allowed).
Climate Zone 2 - Phoenix Housing Type Three: Homes with Evaporative Cooling Only and Gas Heating –Existing ceiling insulation of R-11 or less upgraded to R-19. –Pressure diagnostics and repair following the pressure diagnostic procedure established by the WAP program. –Upgrade of evaporative cooler motor with higher efficiency two-speed motor. –Water heater wrap (where allowed).
Mobile Home - CZ-2 Housing Type One: Mobile Homes with Refrigeration Cooling (AC or Heat Pump) –Reflective roof coating. –Pressure diagnostics and repair following the pressure diagnostic procedure established by the WAP program. –Air Conditioners twenty years old or older upgraded with a minimum 13 SEER unit. –Installation of a storm window on jalousie windows (installed cost of under $8 per square foot). –Shade screens on all sun struck south, east and west windows and glass doors. –Water heater wrap (where allowed).
Mobile Home - CZ-2 Housing Type Three: Mobile Homes with Evaporative Cooling Only –Pressure diagnostics and repair following the pressure diagnostic procedure established by the WAP program. –Upgrade of evaporative cooler motor with higher efficiency two-speed motor. –Installation of a storm window on a jalousie windows (installed cost of under $4 per square foot). –Water heater wrap (where allowed).
Mobile Home Reflective roof coating/reduce delta T in place of reducing U-value. Jalousie windows – based on study by NACOG on CFM50 reduction of adding storm over Jalousie window. (impacts u-value and air leakage)
Before reflective roof coating - 93 degree ceiling temperature After reflective roof coating – 87 degree ceiling temperature
Economics of Air Sealing Infiltration in the low desert is driven by pressures created by fans. –Duct leakage and room pressures Our first priority is reducing house pressures through duct sealing and pressure balancing. Small driving force, minimal air flow! Long term monitoring of natural pressures always under 1 Pa. Divide by 20 assumes 2.5 Pa
Our Pressure Balancing Goal As close to zero pressure as possible (duct leakage and room pressure).
We take duct sealing very seriously Duct Crawling 101 Classes start soon
Economics of Air Sealing Review of air sealing finds: –Duct sealing/pressure balancing –very cost effective. –Shell air sealing– There is a good percentage that has not been cost effective. In response, developed the following guidance to increase the effectiveness of shell air sealing.
Economics of Air Sealing Using computer models and field studies to estimate the value of air sealing. These values can provide guidance on how much can be cost effectively invested in air sealing.
Infiltration Present value of 100 CFM50 reduction in infiltration. (Based on LBL numbers) Climate zone 1= $160 Climate zone 2 = $40 Climate zone 3 = $90 Climate zone 4 = $40 Climate zone 5 = $90 Climate zone 6 = $40
Air Sealing Budget Establishes a not to exceed amount for shell air sealing work. Basically the value of the CFM50 shell air sealing potential of a job. Goal is to reduce the number of jobs where too much money is spent on ineffective air sealing.
Air Sealing Budget The difference between the post duct sealing CFM50 and the final CFM50 goal (300 CFM/1500 CFM50) is the potential CFM50 infiltration reduction. Use the economics of air sealing, establish the potential value of air sealing if you reach the goal. This is the air sealing budget.
Air Sealing Budget Using the 1000 CFM50 example 1000 CFM50 potential: –CZ 1 budget of $1600 (10 x 160) –CZ 2 budget of $ $400 (10 x 40) –CZ 3 budget of $ $900 (10 x 90) –CZ 4 budget of $ $400 (10 x 40) –CZ 5 budget of $ $900 (10 x 90) –CZ 6 budget of $ $400 (10 x 40) Budget in Phoenix - $400
Next – Feedback Next step involves using the blower door to give you feedback on your air sealing efforts (CFM50 reductions) Tracking the cost of achieving these reductions. Comparing this information with the present value information provided in the economics of air sealing can give you an idea of the cost effectiveness of your work.