2The Designer of a building must make many choices before its design is complete and ready for construction.What will give the required functional performanceWhat will give the desired aesthetic resultsWhat is possible legallyWhat is most economical
3There are many things that define how a designer will plan a structure Zoning OrdinancesBuilding CodesFire Rating of MaterialsLegal ConstraintsEnergy Efficiency
4Zoning Ordinances Cities define ordinances Deal with fire codes Where buildings can be placed on a siteWhere sidewalks, curbs, parking lots, lights, etc can go.
5Building Codes Local Government Defines them Most based after BOCA – National Building CodeFirst thing building codes define is USE GroupsSecond thing is Construction typesOther things is type of materials and mechanical system.
7Type of Construction Type 1 and 2 Non Combustible Type 3 This includes structural frame bearing and non-bearing walls floor and roof construction and exterior wallsType 3Have to be non combustible of exterior walls and other building elements can be any material allowed by the code
8Type of Construction Type 4 Type 5 Heavy Timber Allows all building elements to be constructed of any materials allowed by the code.
9Fire Rating of Materials ASTM – American Society for testing and MaterialsEstablishes standards specifications for commonly used materials of constructionANSI – American National Standards InstituteOrganization that develops standards for many industrial products, such as aluminum windows and many of the mechanical components of buildings
10Other Legal Constraints OSHA-occupational Safety and Health ActControls the design of workplaces to minimize threats to the health and safety of workers
12CSI Master Format Construction Specifications Institute Master format for organizing information about construction materials and components. It is used as the outline for construction specification for nearly all large construction projects and forms the basis on which trade associations and manufactures technical literature is cataloged.
13CSI Primary Divisions General Requirements Site Work Concrete Masonry MetalsWood and PlasticsThermal and Moisture ProtectionDoors and WindowsFinishSpecialtiesEquipmentFurnishingsSpecial ConstructionConveying SystemsMechanicalElectrical
14CSI Division Example Division 5 Metals 05120 Structural Steel 05210 Steel Joists05310 Steel Decks05400 Cold Formed Metal Framing05725 Ornamental Metal Casting