9Ischemic Preconditioning and VO2max Young healthy well-trained subjectsDe Groot et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010
10Ischemic Preconditioning and VO2max 56.8±6.858.4±6.2↑3%De Groot et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010
11Ischemic Preconditioning and Endurance Young healthy trained menRIP:Ischemic preconditioning at restEIP:Ischemic preconditioning after 5-min exercise(larger metabolic load)Crisafulli et al. J Appl Physiol. 2011
12Ischemic Preconditioning and VO2max Crisafulli et al. J Appl Physiol. 2011
13Ischemic Preconditioning and 5 km Running Trial ⬆2.5%Young healthy trained men4 x 5-min 220 mmHg bilateral leg occlusion22.6±2.4 min22.0±1.9 minBailey et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012
14Ischemic Preconditioning and VO2max VO2max (ml/kg/min)Bailey et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012
15Ischemic Preconditioning and 100m Swimming Performance Canadian national-level swimmers (13-27 years)IPC, min warm-up, time trial⬆0.7 sec or 1%66.98±21.2866.28±21.08Jean-St-Michel et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011
16Michael Phelps vs. Milorad Cavic in 100m Butterfly GoldSilver0.02%-8th2.5%
18Wingate Anaerobic Power Test pedal as quickly as possible till they reach a speed of 150 RPMfrictional resistance equivalent to 9% body weight dropped in the form of this weight basket.
19Wingate Anaerobic Power Test Peak power outputPeak power is the maximum power usually occurring within the first few seconds of the test.Average power is the average of all power measures throughout the thirty seconds.Average power output(anaerobic capacity)Fatigue Index = (Peak - End)Peak
25ConclusionsIschemic preconditioning appears to be an effective ergogenic aid to enhance both anaerobic and aerobic athletic performance.The effects of ischemic preconditioning on maximal aerobic fitness remain controversial.The application of ischemic preconditioning to athletes is a promising area that requires more investigations.
27Ischemic Preconditioning and 5km Running Trial Bailey et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012
28RIPC on Infarction Size in Mouse Hearts Infarct size is expressed as a % of area at risk.The black bar - mice perfused with dialysate from control subjects (n = 4).The white bar - mice perfused with dialysate from elite swimmers (n = 9).Jean-St-Michel et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011
29Ischemic Preconditioning on Phosphagens Pasdois et al. J Am Heart Assoc. 2012