ENACTIVE REPRESENTATION Action-based information A baby may shake a rattle to produce a sound Adults (typing, mowing the lawn) How do you ride a bike?
ICONIC REPRESENTATION Conscious Some do not experience it Helpful to have instruction accompanied by diagrams or illustrations
SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION Stored as words or symbol systems Actions and images have relation to what they represent Dog represents a class (four legs, barks, fur, …)
BRUNER SAYS Follow progression through different stages of representation Learner of even a young age capable of learning, as long as material is organized Contrasts to Piaget and other stage theorists
DISCOVERY LEARNING Draw from past experiences and knowledge Students may be more likely to remember concepts discovered on their own
CONSTRUCTIVISM New information learned through prior knowledge Teachers should allow students to construct knowledge on their own. Example: A teacher gives students supplies and have them figure out what they can make with the supplies given.
Advantages Active Engagement Motivation Responsibility and Independence Creativity and problem- solving skills Disadvantages Cognitive Overload Hard for teachers to detect problems in the individuals
TECHNOLOGY FOR THE CLASSROOM Medios Exploring Ancient Architecture Louis Cat Orze Model of Louis XIV court at Versailles solve the mystery of Queen necklace Google Earth Interactive Body System Self Guided interactive human body exploration SimCity How to establish a community
REVIEW ___________________ is an example of Enactive Representation. ___________________ is an example of Iconic Representation. ___________________ is an example of Symbolic Representation. In Discovery Learning, students draw from _______________________ and ______________________. An advantage of Discovery Learning is _______________________. A disadvantage of Discovery Learning is ________________________.
WORKS CITED Bruner, J.S. (1967). On knowing: Essays for the left hand. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. McLeod, S. A. (2008). Simply Psychology;. Retrieved 13 March 2012, from Smith, M.K. (2002) 'Jerome S. Bruner and the process of education', the encyclopedia of informal education