Think about: Who was your favorite teacher? What made them your favorite? Why was this important to you? How did the teacher handle themselves? How did they handle you? Others? What do you remember about the classroom?
Two Personal Questions… What do I have that will make me a good teacher? What do I need to learn?
Philosophies of Education Essentialism – Traditions of society, morals, values, and skills necessary to be model citizens: A Nation At Risk Progressivism – Curriculum is centered around interests of the students: Dewey Perennialism – Truth never changes: Plato, Aristotle
Philosophies of Education Existentialism – Free will to develop as the student sees fit, self- responsibility, play is good: Sartre Behaviorism – Change the environment, change the student teach scientifically: Pavlov
Philosophy into Theory Learning Theory – Behavioral Watson, Thorndike, Skinner – Cognitive Bruner, Vygotsky, Piaget – Constructivist Dewey, Knowles, Montessori – Many, Many Others
Behaviorism Learning Theory Pavlov, Thorndike, John Watson – Stimulus-Response B.F. Skinner Operant Conditioning Children respond to external stimuli Children can be conditioned to respond Children can be manipulated/shaped Teacher sets the goals,controls the environment, and creates assessments
Cognitivism Learning Theory Atkinson-Shriffin and Ausubel – Schema, Scaffolding, Chunking – Advanced Organizer – Three-Stage Information Processing Sensory Registry Short-term Memory Long-term Memory
Cognitivism Learning Theory Jean Piaget – Four Stages of Development Sensorimotor - birth to 2 years Preoperational - 2 to 6/7 years Concrete Operational - 6/7 to 11/12 years Formal Operational – 11/12 to adult
Vygotskys Zone of Proximal Development
Constructivism Learning Theory Build on Prior Knowledge Construct New Knowledge Understand through Authentic Experiences – Active, hands-on Problem Solving, Exploration, Collaboration Revision and Reflection
Constructivism Learning Theory Jerome Bruner – Learning is an active process – Students build new ideas based on their existing knowledge – Discovery Learning – Spiral Curriculum
Constructivism Learning Theory John Dewey – Collaborative Work – Teacher is the Mentor or Guide – Inquiry Based Learning
Putting Theory Together in the Learning Environment
What is Teaching? Philosophy of Education Learning Theory How will you as the teacher handle the – Academic Development – Social Development – Emotional Development of the students in your class
What Makes a Good Teacher? Art Science Personal Characteristics
The Art of Teaching Enthusiasm for Learning Liking for Children Desire to Help Others These things CANNOT be taught
The Science of Teaching Ability to Manage the Classroom Environment Ability to Manage Student Behavior Ability to Make Long-Range Plans Ability to Make Short-Range Plans Ability to Use a Variety of Instructional Materials These things CAN be taught
Characteristics Of Successful Teachers Organization Communication Adaptability Creativity These things CAN be Fostered
Teacher Responsibilities Curriculum Instruction Classroom Environment School Community Personal Decorum Philosophy of Education
Three Questions for Teachers Philosophy – What should learners know? Psychology – How do learners learn? Pedagogy – How should learners be taught?
Learning What is your definition of learning?
Learning Process Phases Perception – Wanting to know – Taking in information Conception – Creating meaning Ideation – Putting information to use
Learning Process The process of how a student learns All good learning theories have these three components L.P. links to assessment
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
Eriksons Eight Stages of Man Age and StageArea of Resolution Basic Attitudes Birth to 18 monthsTrust vs MistrustHope 18 months to 3 years Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt Will 3 years to 5 yearsInitiative vs GuiltPurpose 6 years to 12 years Industry vs Inferiority Competence