Presentation on theme: "Classroom Learning Theories and Management"— Presentation transcript:
1Classroom Learning Theories and Management EDEL 413CSUBDebbie Meadows
2Think about: Who was your favorite teacher? What made them your favorite?Why was this important to you?How did the teacher handle themselves?How did they handle you? Others?What do you remember about the classroom?
3Two Personal Questions… What do I have that will make me a good teacher?What do I need to learn?
4Philosophies of Education EssentialismTraditions of society, morals, values, and skills necessary to be model citizens: A Nation At RiskProgressivismCurriculum is centered around interests of the students: DeweyPerennialismTruth never changes: Plato, Aristotle
5Philosophies of Education ExistentialismFree will to develop as the student sees fit, self-responsibility, play is “good”: SartreBehaviorismChange the environment, change the student—teach scientifically: Pavlov
6Philosophy into Theory Learning TheoryBehavioralWatson, Thorndike, SkinnerCognitiveBruner, Vygotsky, PiagetConstructivistDewey, Knowles, MontessoriMany, Many Others
7Behaviorism Learning Theory Pavlov, Thorndike, John WatsonStimulus-ResponseB.F. Skinner “Operant Conditioning”Children respond to external stimuliChildren can be conditioned to respondChildren can be manipulated/shapedTeacher sets the goals,controls the environment, and creates assessments
8Cognitivism Learning Theory Atkinson-Shriffin and AusubelSchema, Scaffolding, ChunkingAdvanced OrganizerThree-Stage Information ProcessingSensory RegistryShort-term MemoryLong-term Memory
9Cognitivism Learning Theory Jean PiagetFour Stages of DevelopmentSensorimotor - birth to 2 yearsPreoperational - 2 to 6/7 yearsConcrete Operational - 6/7 to 11/12 yearsFormal Operational – 11/12 to adult
11Constructivism Learning Theory Build on Prior KnowledgeConstruct New KnowledgeUnderstand through Authentic ExperiencesActive, hands-onProblem Solving, Exploration, CollaborationRevision and Reflection
12Constructivism Learning Theory Jerome BrunerLearning is an active processStudents build new ideas based on their existing knowledgeDiscovery LearningSpiral Curriculum
13Constructivism Learning Theory John DeweyCollaborative WorkTeacher is the Mentor or GuideInquiry Based Learning
14Constructivism Lesson Progression SituationGroupingBridge from previous learningQuestioningExhibitionReflection
15Putting Theory Together in the Learning Environment
16What is Teaching? Philosophy of Education Learning Theory How will you as the teacher handle theAcademic DevelopmentSocial DevelopmentEmotional Development of the students in your class
17What Makes a Good Teacher? ArtSciencePersonal Characteristics
18The Art of Teaching Enthusiasm for Learning Liking for Children Desire to Help OthersThese things CANNOT be taught
19The Science of Teaching Ability to Manage the Classroom EnvironmentAbility to Manage Student BehaviorAbility to Make Long-Range PlansAbility to Make Short-Range PlansAbility to Use a Variety of Instructional MaterialsThese things CAN be taught
20Characteristics Of Successful Teachers OrganizationCommunicationAdaptabilityCreativityThese things CAN be Fostered
21Teacher Responsibilities CurriculumInstructionClassroom EnvironmentSchool CommunityPersonal DecorumPhilosophy of Education
22Three Questions for Teachers PhilosophyWhat should learners know?PsychologyHow do learners learn?PedagogyHow should learners be taught?
23definition of learning? What is yourdefinition of learning?
24Learning Process Phases PerceptionWanting to knowTaking in informationConceptionCreating meaningIdeationPutting information to use
25Learning Process The process of how a student learns All good learning theories have these three componentsL.P. links to assessment
27Erikson’s Eight Stages of Man Age and StageArea of ResolutionBasic AttitudesBirth to 18 monthsTrust vs MistrustHope18 months to 3 yearsAutonomy vs Shame/DoubtWill3 years to 5 yearsInitiative vs GuiltPurpose6 years to 12 yearsIndustry vs InferiorityCompetence