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Sarah Jamison, Service Hydrologist National Weather Service Forecast Office Cleveland.

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Presentation on theme: "Sarah Jamison, Service Hydrologist National Weather Service Forecast Office Cleveland."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sarah Jamison, Service Hydrologist National Weather Service Forecast Office Cleveland

2 Storms of March th produced flooding over a thousand miles long and several hundred miles wide from Illinois to Connecticut.

3  ¼ of U.S. Population directly affected  At the turn of the 20th century the Ohio Valley was the largest producers of steel manufacturing, railroads, coal and natural gas Heart of the Nation Railroad Tracks JD Rockefeller Andrew Carnegie

4 State Capitals Inundated Columbus, OH Albany, NY Indianapolis, IN

5 Tornado Fatalities Flood Fatalities Severe Wind Fatalities Source: National Weather Service Climate Records Approximately 1,000

6 Why was this event so catastrophic? Dayton Ohio March 29, 1913

7 The Weather Bureau Offices in Detroit reported “A gale of unprecedented severity swept over southern Michigan. Buildings were razed, roofs blown off, chimneys toppled over, signs blown down, trees broken and uprooted, overhead wires prostrated, and several lives lost as a result of the storm’s fury.” Monthly Weather Summary, March 1913

8 March 23-Easter Sunday Just before 6 p.m. local time on March 23rd, a strong tornado tore through an affluent part of Omaha, completely destroying hundreds of houses and displacing thousands. The tornado tracked for five miles through the heart of town with a width up to a ¼ mile. This resulted in 103 fatalities, 49 more in other tornadoes and storms in Nebraska and Iowa. Photo courtesy of the NOAA Photo Library

9 Reanalysis of 1913 Weather Support for the Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project dataset is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (DOE INCITE) program, and Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER), and by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office

10 March 23, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

11 March 23, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

12 March 23, MPH Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

13 March 24, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

14 March 24, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

15 March 24, MPH 54 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

16 March 24, Inches 1.4 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

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18 March 25, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

19 March 25, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

20 March 25, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at MPH 54

21 March 25, Inches 1.4 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

22 March 26,1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

23 March 26, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

24 March 26, Inches 1.4 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

25 March 27, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

26 March 27, 1913 Image provided by the NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder Colorado from their Web site at

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29 Conclusion  Largest natural disaster national had ever been faced with.  1913 flood reshaped National perception on governments role in flood control  Flood policy has changed significantly expanding across several agencies and jurisdictions  1913 flood a good reminder of what is possible  Nothing to prevent the same weather pattern from forming again.  The biggest difference will be our ability to warn, prepare, and react.

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