4About the City of Opava Population – 64 000 Area - 90 km2 rich in history and historic landmarksan important cultural centre for the regionan industrial and business centrethe establishment of the town is recorded in a document from 1224
6Name of the CityThe name probably follows from the Teutonic APA and the Celtic AHWA or AHAWA, whereas both of them mean water or plenty of water. Czech originated in the connection of these two names. The Latin name is Opavia and the German Troppau.The city of Opava is situated at the confluence of the Silesian rivers Opava and Moravice.
7The legend about the origination of the name of Opava Many centuries ago two powerful lords met in this location. They met while hunting and because they liked this piece of land, they built their tents here. One day, they walked out of their tents and saw a procession of merchants. They were arriving from far eastern countries and they began to offer the noble lords their goods. They also showed them a charmingly beautiful bird which the lords had never seen before in their lives. And so it was that both lords wanted to own the bird. The merchants did not know who to sell the bird to and a row broke out. The merchants from the east decided that one of the lords might take the peacock and that in a year´s time they would come back and bring the bird to the other lord. One lord however shouted that he was the one who was to take it now, as his wife had a birthday and he wanted to give it to her, but the other lord did not agree. The evening was approaching when the lord who was perhaps wiser told the other to keep the peacock and that he would wait. He thought over the whole matter in his tent and after some time he went to the other lord to make peace with him. They were drinking honey wine together and talking, when the lord who had not gain the peacock got the idea to built a town on this memorable place. But another problem arose – what to call the town?The lord who had bought the peacock cried out:“Let´s name the town after the beautiful bird!“ The first one liked the name too, but he thought it was too short. The other lord said that as they argued about the peacock (in Czech „o páva“) the town should bear the name O-P-A-V-A. They also named the river where they had their tents Opava.
8Places of interestThe city of Opava boasts of many historical buildings.There are some examples:
9City Watchtower – Hláska The seat of Opava City Council
10Silesian TheatreThe foundation stone was laid on 1 May It has two ensembles: drama and opera.
17The Musical Pavilion on Birds Hill Bird Hill is the remains of the cities fortifications.
18Concathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary It is the most important Gothic monument of Opava. It was built in the 14th century.
19The Church of St. Adalbert This baroque structure was built in 17th century by the Jesuits.
20SportsOpava hosts sports competitions at top league – football, basketball, volleyball and hockey tournaments.Opava gained an international reputation for organizing the GRAND PRIX Bodybuilding contest.Opava has many splendid sports centres.
26Culture and Education Silesian Theatre – drama and opera The Puppet TheatreThe House of ArtsThe September Festival called Bezruč´s OpavaThe Further HorizonThe International Organ CompetitionThe Silesian University (since 1991)
30Industry and businessthe production of pharmaceutics, paints, varnishespaper and a polygraphic industryEngineering works: mining equipment, hydraulic machinery, agricultural machinery, metal components for the building industry…The food processing industry: biscuits, pastries, sweets, sugar, frozen foods…